Duke of Carcaci

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Arms of Paternò Castello, Dukes of Carcaci: Or, four pales gules overall a bendlet azure.
Carcaci Castle (Castello di Carcaci),[1] view eastwards towards Mount Etna, Sicily

The Duke of Carcaci (Italian: Duca di Cárcaci) (pron: "Car-catch-ee") is the head of one branch of the Paternò Castello family, an ancient Sicilian noble family. The estate of Cárcaci, from which the dukedom is named, is situated in Sicily, 20 miles north-west of Catania (where survives the ducal palazzo), at the junction of the River Simeto and River Salso. It is thus situated about 15 miles west of the crater of Mount Etna. The historic estate of Paternò, now a town, is situated about 10 miles north-west of Catania, midway between that town and Carcaci. The first Duke of Carcaci was Don Vincenzo Paternò Castello (1681–1767) who in 1725 was created a duke of the Kingdom of Naples by Charles VI, Holy Roman Emperor and King of Naples, who had gained control of the Kingdom of Naples in 1714 and of Sicily in 1720. Carcaci had become the seat of a feudal barony shortly after the Norman Conquest of Sicily in 1061, when the first castle was built on the site. The barony and estate was not acquired by this branch of the Paternò Castello family, the principal historic seat of the senior line of which was Paternò Castle, until 1719.[2][3]


List of the Dukes[edit]

  • (1) Don Vincenzo Paternò Castello (1681–1767), born at Catania, 2nd but eldest surviving son of Don Giacinto Paternò Castello, 2nd Barone di Bicocca (1645-1693). Both his father and elder brother Don Agatino were killed in the Catania earthquake of 11 January 1693. His mother was Donna Agata Paternò, daughter of Vincenzo, 8th Barone di Raddusa. He succeeded in 1695 as 3rd Barone di Bicocca. Acquired the estate of Carcaci in 1719. Invested as 1st Duke of Carcaci at Vienna on 27 March 1725 and as 1st Barone of Carcaci on 15 April 1725. Leader of the Parliament of the Kingdom of Sicily in 1732, Vicar General of the Kingdom of Sicily 1743/1746, Ambassador to King Vittorio Amedeo II of Savoy in 1713; Chief Justice of Catania 1704/1705 and 1718/1719, Patrician of Catania 1715/1715 and 1721/1722. At Catania in 1697 he married Donna Anna Maria Paternò, daughter of Don Francesco Maria, Barone di Raddusa by his wife Silvia Trigona, of the family of the Baroni di Spedalotto.[4]
  • (2) Don Mario Concetto (1700–1781), born at Catania. Succeeded his father as 2nd Duke and 2nd Baron of Carcaci in 1767. He purchased the Barony of Placa e Bajana for his son. At Catania in 1727 he married Donna Giovanna Maria Rizzari, daughter of Don Francesco, Duke of Tremestieri and Lord of the Manor of Tremestieri.[5]
  • (3) Don Giuseppe Vincenzo (1728–1817), born at Catania, 1st Barone di Placa e Bajana (1774), 3rd Baron of Carcaci (1768) and 3rd Duke of Carcaci (invested 1781). Served as Sindaco of Catania in 1765, Chief Justice of Catania in 1770. Appointed a Knight of the Order of Malta in 1777, and Captain of Arms of War for all the Kingdom of Sicily in 1799. He became a peer of the Napoleonic Kingdom of Sicily from 1812. At Catania in 1753 he married Agata Scammacca, daughter of Guglielmo, Barone della Bruca e di Crisciunà. [6]
  • (4) Don Mario Giuseppe (1754–1821)
  • (5) Don Vincenzo Emanuele Giovanni (1783–1834)
  • (6) Don Mario (1812–1838)
  • (7) Don Francesco Maria Giuseppe (1786–1854)
  • (8) Don Gaetano Maria (1798–1854)
  • (9) Don Francesco Maria Domenico (1850–1912)
  • (10) Don Gaetano Maria Domenico (1869–1947); married Antonietta Scammacca della Bruca (1865–1947).
  • (11) Don Francesco (1893–1980); married in 1922 Wanda Diana (1901–1965).
  • (12) Don Gaetano (1923-1993), of Naxos,[7] near Taormina[8] in Sicily, who in 1960 married Marie Millington-Drake (1924–1973), daughter of the diplomat Sir Eugen Millington-Drake by his wife Lady Effie Mackay (1895–1984), a daughter of James Mackay, 1st Earl of Inchcape (1852-1932) of Glenapp Castle, Scotland,[9][10] Chairman of the Peninsular and Oriental Steam Navigation Company ("P&O").
  • (13) Don Alessandro (b. 1961) (Alexander[11]) an antiques dealer based in London, sometime director of Alexander di Carcaci Limited,[12] who in 1990 married Lady Charlotte Legge (b.1963), daughter of Gerald Legge, 9th Earl of Dartmouth, by whom he has three children, one son and two daughters:[13]
    • Don Tancredi Paternò Castello, Barone di Placa é Baiana (born 1997), son and heir apparent;
    • Donna Miranda Paternò Castello (born 1993)
    • Donna Chiara Paternò Castello (born 1995).[14]

Branches[edit]

 Roberto d'Embrun, Conti di Butera, Baroni della Floresta (11th century)
 │      (extinct)
 └───│
     │
     ├──Baroni della Terza Dogana e di Manganelli (extinct)
     │  │
     │  ├──Principi di Sperlinga dei Manganelli, Duchi del Palazzo,
     │  │  Baroni dei Manganelli (line extinct, 1937)
     │  │  il titolo di Principe di Manganelli passa a Flavio
     │  │  Borghese, Principe di Sulmona)
     │  │
     │  ├──Marchesi del Toscano, Duchi di Roccaromana
     │  │
     │  │
     │  ├──Amico Paternò, Conti (extinct)
     │  │
     │  ├──Marchesi di Sessa
     │  │
     │  └──Duchi di Furnari (extinct)
     │
     ├── Baroni del Pantano Salso (extinct in the 16th century)
     │
     └──│
        │
        ├──│
        │  │
        │  ├──Paternò Castello, Principi di Biscari, Baroni di Imbaccari, Mirabella
        │  │  │   Aragona, Baldi, Sciortavilla, Cuba e Sparacogna
        │  │  │
        │  │  └──Paternò Castello, Duchi di Carcaci, Baroni di Placa e Baiana
        │  │     │
        │  │     └──Paternò Castello, Baroni della Bicocca
        │  │
        │  ├──Paternò Castello, Marchesi e Baroni di Sangiuliano,
        │  │   Marchesi di Capizzi, Baroni di Pollicarini
        │  │
        │  ├──Paternò Moncada, Principi di Valsavoia
        │  │
        │  └──Paternò Castello, Baroni di Salamone e Sant'Alessio
        │       (extinct)
        ├──Marchesi di Raddusa,Manchi Belici e Marianopoli
        │  │
        │  └──Paternò Ventimiglia, Marchesi di Spedalotto e di Reggiovanni,
        │        Conti di Prades
        │
        ├──Baroni di Vallone (line extinct in the 18th century)
        │
        └──Duchi di San Nicola, Duchi di Pozzomauro, Marchesi di Casanova,
            Conti di Montecupo. "Inoltre, a questa Linea(pareri Commissione
            Araldica per le Province Napolitane e Giunta Araldica Centrale
            del Corpo della Nobiltà Italiana), è stato riconosciuto il diritto
            alla rinnovazione del titolo di Principe di Cerenzia"

Further reading[edit]

  • M. Sofia Sicurezza, Rosangela A. Spina, L' Epistolario dei Paternò Castello di Carcaci. Cultura moda e società cosmopolita del Novecento ("The Correspondence of the Paternò Castello di Carcaci family: Culture, Fashion and Cosmopolitan Society of the 1900's")[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.icastelli.it/castle-1234818547-castello_di_carcaci-it.php
  2. ^ http://roccaromana.org/LineaCarcaci.aspx
  3. ^ See Italian text re history of Carcaci Castle at http://www.icastelli.it/castle-1234818547-castello_di_carcaci-it.php
  4. ^ http://roccaromana.org/LineaCarcaci.aspx
  5. ^ http://roccaromana.org/LineaCarcaci.aspx
  6. ^ http://roccaromana.org/LineaCarcaci.aspx
  7. ^ http://roccaromana.org/LineaCarcaci.aspx
  8. ^ Montague-Smith, P.W. (ed.), Debrett's Peerage, Baronetage, Knightage and Companionage, Kelly's Directories Ltd, Kingston-upon-Thames, 1968, p.610, Earl of Inchcape
  9. ^ www.burkespeerage.com
  10. ^ Debrett's Peerage, 1968, p.610, Earl of Inchcape
  11. ^ Kidd, Charles, Debrett's peerage & Baronetage 2015 Edition, London, 2015, p.322, Earl of Dartmouth
  12. ^ https://beta.companieshouse.gov.uk/company/04639495
  13. ^ Kidd, Charles, Debrett's peerage & Baronetage 2015 Edition, London, 2015, p.322, Earl of Dartmouth
  14. ^ www.thepeerage.com

External links[edit]