Duke of Leeds

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Dukedom of Leeds
Coronet of a British Duke.svg
Duke of Leeds arms.svg
Quarterly, 1st & 4th: quarterly ermine and azure, over all a cross or (for Osborne); 2nd, gules, an eagle with two heads display, between three fleur-de-lis argent (for Godolphin); 3rd, azure, semé of cross-crosslets and three cinquefoils argent (for D'Arcy)
Creation date 4 May 1694
Monarch William III and Mary II
Peerage Peerage of England
First holder Thomas Osborne, 1st Duke of Leeds
Last holder D'Arcy Osborne, 12th Duke of Leeds
Remainder to the 1st Duke's heirs male of the body lawfully begotten
Subsidiary titles Viscount Osborne
Baron Osborne
Earl of Danby
Marquess of Carmarthen
Baron Godolphin
Extinction date 20 March 1964
Seat(s) Hornby Castle
Former seat(s) Kiveton Hall
Thomas Osborne, 1st Duke of Leeds
Ancestral arms of the Osborne family: Quarterly ermine and azure, over all a cross or

Duke of Leeds was a title in the Peerage of England. It was created in 1694 for the prominent statesman Thomas Osborne, 1st Marquess of Carmarthen. He had already succeeded as 2nd Baronet, of Kiveton (1647)[1] and been created Viscount Osborne, of Dunblane (1673), Baron Osborne, of Kiveton in the County of York (also 1673) and Viscount Latimer, of Danby in the County of York (also 1673), Earl of Danby, in the County of York (1674), and Marquess of Carmarthen (1689). All these titles were in the Peerage of England, except for the viscountcy of Osborne, which was in the Peerage of Scotland.[note 1] He resigned the latter title in favour of his son in 1673. The Earldom of Danby was a revival of the title held by his great-uncle, Henry Danvers, 1st Earl of Danby (see Earl of Danby).[2]

The Dukedom was named for Leeds in Yorkshire, and did not (as is sometimes claimed) refer to Leeds Castle in Kent. The principal ducal seat was Kiveton Hall.[3] After Kiveton Hall was demolished in 1811, Hornby Castle became the main seat of the Dukes of Leeds.[4] The traditional burial place of the Dukes of Leeds was All Hallows Church, Harthill, South Yorkshire.[2]

The 4th Duke married Mary Godolphin, daughter of Henrietta Churchill Godolphin, su jure Duchess of Marlborough and Francis Godolphin, 2nd Earl of Godolphin, and assumed the arms of Godolphin and Churchill.[5]

On 8 August 1849, the 7th Duke of Leeds assumed by royal licence the additional surname and arms of D'Arcy, for the Barony of D'Arcy (1322) and Conyers he inherited through his grandmother.[6][7]

Upon the death of the 7th Duke in 1859, the dukedom passed to his cousin, the 2nd Baron Godolphin, whose father (the second son of the 5th Duke of Leeds) had been created Baron Godolphin, of Farnham Royal in the County of Buckingham, in 1832.[2]

The 11th Duke was married three times, but had only a daughter. Upon his death in 1963, the dukedom passed to his cousin Sir D'Arcy Osborne, a diplomat.[8] Eight months later, the 12th Duke died in Rome, unmarried, at which point the dukedom and the Barony of Godolphin became extinct.[9]

The heir apparent to the Duke of Leeds was styled Marquess of Carmarthen, Lord Carmarthen's heir apparent was styled Earl of Danby, and Lord Danby's heir apparent was styled Viscount Latimer.

Osborne Baronets, of Kiveton (1620)[edit]

Dukes of Leeds (1694)[edit]

Other titles (6th & 7th Dukes): Baron Darcy de Knayth (1322) and Baron Conyers (1509)
Other titles (8th Duke onwards): Baron Godolphin (1832)

Family tree[edit]

  • Coronet of a British Duke.svg Thomas Osborne, 1st Duke of Leeds (1632–1712; Duke of Leeds: cr. 1694)
    • Edward Osborne, Viscount Latimer (1655–1689)
    • Coronet of a British Duke.svg Peregrine Osborne, 2nd Duke of Leeds (1659–1729; 2nd Duke: 1712–1729)
      • Coronet of a British Duke.svg Peregrine II Hyde Osborne, 3rd Duke of Leeds (1691–1731; 3rd Duke: 1729–1731)
        • Coronet of a British Duke.svg Thomas Osborne II, 4th Duke of Leeds (1713–1789; 4th Duke: 1731–1789)
          • Coronet of a British Duke.svg Francis Godolphin Osborne, 5th Duke of Leeds (1751–1799; 5th Duke: 1789–1799)
            • Coronet of a British Duke.svg George William Frederick Osborne, 6th Duke of Leeds (1775–1838; 6th Duke: 1799–1838)
              • Coronet of a British Duke.svg Francis Godolphin II D'Arcy Osborne, 7th Duke of Leeds (1798–1859; 7th Duke: 1838–1859)
            • Francis Godolphin, 1st Lord Godolphin (1777–1850; Baron Godolphin: cr. 1832)
              • Coronet of a British Duke.svg George II Godolphin Osborne, 8th Duke of Leeds (1802–1872; 8th Duke: 1859–1872)
                • Coronet of a British Duke.svg George III Godolphin Osborne, 9th Duke of Leeds (1828–1895; 9th Duke: 1872–1895)
                  • George Frederick Osborne, Earl of Danby (b. and d. November 1861)
                  • Coronet of a British Duke.svg George IV Godolphin Osborne, 10th Duke of Leeds (1862–1927; 10th Duke: 1895–1927)
                    • Coronet of a British Duke.svg John Francis Godolphin Osborne, 11th Duke of Leeds (1901–1963; 11th Duke: 1927–1963)
              • Lord Sydney Godolphin Osborne (1808–1889)
                • Sidney Francis Godolphin Osborne (1835–1903)
                  • Coronet of a British Duke.svg Francis D'Arcy Godolphin Osborne, 12th Duke of Leeds (1884–1964; 12th Duke: 1963–1964)

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Some sources indicate that Osborne held two Scottish viscountcies – "of Osborne" and "of Dunblane", although this may be a confusion of the full form "Osborne of Dunblane"

References[edit]

  1. ^ George Edward Cokayne Complete Baronetage Volume 1 1900
  2. ^ a b c Genealogical and Heraldic Dictionary of the Peerage and Baronetage of the British Empire. Burke's Peerage Limited. 1914. pp. 1181–1183. Retrieved 18 September 2017. 
  3. ^ www.rotherhamweb.co.uk: Harthill. Retrieved 18 December 2015
  4. ^ "Osborne family, Dukes of Leeds". The National Archives. Retrieved 12 February 2013. 
  5. ^ Courthope, William (1839). Debrett's Complete Peerage of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland: With Additions to the Present Time and a New Set of Coats of Arms from Drawings by Harvey. J. G. & F. Rivington. p. 14. Retrieved 19 September 2017. 
  6. ^ Foster, Joseph (1891). Alumni Oxonienses: the Members of the University of Oxford, 1715-1886: Their Parentage, Birthplace, and Year of Birth, with a Record of Their Degrees. University of Oxford. p. 1046. Retrieved 19 September 2017. 
  7. ^ Burke, Sir Bernard (1866). A Genealogical History of the Dormant: Abeyant, Forfeited, and Extinct Peerages of the British Empire. Harrison. p. 156. Retrieved 19 September 2017. 
  8. ^ "The Duke of Leeds". The Times. The Times Digital Archive. 29 July 1963. p. 19. 
  9. ^ "The Duke of Leeds – Former Minister to the Holy See". The Times. The Times Digital Archive. 21 March 1964. p. 12.