Duke of Leeds
Duke of Leeds was a title in the Peerage of England. It was created in 1694 for the prominent statesman Thomas Osborne, 1st Marquess of Carmarthen. He had already succeeded as 2nd Baronet, of Kiveton (1647) and been created Viscount Osborne, of Dunblane (1673), Baron Osborne, of Kiveton in the County of York (also 1673) and Viscount Latimer, of Danby in the County of York (also 1673), Earl of Danby, in the County of York (1674), and Marquess of Carmarthen (1689). All these titles were in the Peerage of England, except for the viscountcy of Osborne, which was in the Peerage of Scotland.[note 1] He resigned the latter title in favour of his son in 1673. The Earldom of Danby was a revival of the title held by his great-uncle, Henry Danvers, 1st Earl of Danby (see Earl of Danby).
The Dukedom was named for Leeds in Yorkshire, and did not (as is sometimes claimed) refer to Leeds Castle in Kent. The principal ducal seat was Kiveton Hall. After Kiveton Hall was demolished in 1811, Hornby Castle became the main seat of the Dukes of Leeds. The traditional burial place of the Dukes of Leeds was All Hallows Church, Harthill, South Yorkshire.
Upon the death of the 7th Duke of Leeds in 1859, the dukedom passed to his cousin, the 2nd Baron Godolphin, whose father (the second son of the 5th Duke of Leeds) had been created Baron Godolphin, of Farnham Royal in the County of Buckingham, in 1832. The Barony of Godolphin and the Dukedom remained united until they became extinct on the death of the 12th Duke of Leeds in 1964.
The heir apparent to the Duke of Leeds was styled Marquess of Carmarthen, Lord Carmarthen's heir apparent was styled Earl of Danby, and Lord Danby's heir apparent was styled Viscount Latimer.[dubious ]
Osborne Baronets, of Kiveton (1620)
- Sir Edward Osborne, 1st Baronet (1596–1647)
- Sir Thomas Osborne, 2nd Baronet (1632–1712) (created Viscount Osborne in 1673, Earl of Danby in 1673, Marquess of Carmarthen in 1689 and Duke of Leeds in 1694)
Dukes of Leeds (1694)
- Thomas Osborne, 1st Duke of Leeds (1632–1712)
- Edward Osborne, Viscount Latimer (1655–1689), eldest son of the 1st Duke, died without surviving issue
- Peregrine Osborne, 2nd Duke of Leeds (1659–1729), second son of the 1st Duke
- Peregrine Hyde Osborne, 3rd Duke of Leeds (1691–1731), only son of the 2nd Duke
- Thomas Osborne, 4th Duke of Leeds (1713–1789), only son of the 3rd Duke
- Francis Godolphin Osborne, 5th Duke of Leeds (1751–1799), only son of the 4th Duke
- George William Frederick Osborne, 6th Duke of Leeds (1775–1838), eldest son of the 5th Duke
- Francis George Godolphin D'Arcy D'Arcy-Osborne, 7th Duke of Leeds (1798–1859), eldest son of the 6th Duke, died without issue
- Other titles (8th Duke onwards): Baron Godolphin (1832)
- George Godolphin Osborne, 8th Duke of Leeds (1802–1872), eldest son of the 5th Duke's second son, The Lord Godolphin
- George Godolphin Osborne, 9th Duke of Leeds (1828–1895), eldest son of the 8th Duke
- George Osborne, Earl of Danby (1861), eldest son of the 9th Duke (then Lord Carmarthen), died in infancy during his grandfather's lifetime
- George Godolphin Osborne, 10th Duke of Leeds (1862–1927), second son of the 9th Duke
- John Francis Godolphin Osborne, 11th Duke of Leeds (1901–1963), only son of the 10th Duke, died without male issue
- Francis D'Arcy Godolphin Osborne, 12th Duke of Leeds (1884–1964), grandson of Lord Godolphin's third son, died without issue, at which point all of his titles became extinct
- Some sources indicate that Osborne held two Scottish viscountcies — "of Osborne" and "of Dunblane", although this may be a confusion of the full form "Osborne of Dunblane"
- George Edward Cokayne Complete Baronetage Volume 1 1900
- www.rotherhamweb.co.uk: Harthill, accessed 18 December 2015
- "Osborne family, Dukes of Leeds". The National Archives. Retrieved 2013-02-12.