Dunkeswell

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Dunkeswell
Dunkeswell Abbey Gate - geograph.org.uk - 3003574.jpg
The gatehouse at Dunkeswell Abbey
Dunkeswell is located in Devon
Dunkeswell
Dunkeswell
Location within Devon
Population1,361 (2011)
OS grid referenceST1407
Civil parish
  • Dunkeswell
District
Shire county
Region
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townHONITON
Postcode districtEX14
Dialling code01404
PoliceDevon and Cornwall
FireDevon and Somerset
AmbulanceSouth Western
EU ParliamentSouth West England
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Devon
50°51′47″N 3°13′16″W / 50.863°N 3.221°W / 50.863; -3.221Coordinates: 50°51′47″N 3°13′16″W / 50.863°N 3.221°W / 50.863; -3.221

Dunkeswell is a village and civil parish in East Devon, England, located about 5 miles (8.0 km) north of the town of Honiton. At the 2001 census, the parish had a population of 1,553,[1] reducing to 1,361 at the 2011 Census.[2] There is an electoral ward with the same name whose population at the above census was 2,000.[3] The parish is surrounded, clockwise from the north, by the parishes of Hemyock, Luppitt, Combe Raleigh, Awliscombe, Broadhembury and Sheldon.[4]

History[edit]

Dunkeswell is notable for having a busy small airfield, now Dunkeswell Aerodrome which was initially established as an American Navy air base during World War II, and continues to offer civil flight services to this day.

The church, restored in 1868 from an older foundation, is of interest for its Norman font.

Dunkeswell Eco Business Park, located near the aerodrome, was constructed to provide environmentally-friendly business space for start-up businesses, businesses who are considered to be at a disadvantage such as those run by younger owners or women, and businesses that have outgrown existing premises.[5]

Dunkeswell was the birthplace of the Canadian clergyman Henry Scadding.

Climate[edit]

The highest recorded temperature since 1990 was 28.3°C on 2 and 8 July 2018 and the lowest was -7.8°C on 2 January 1997.

Climate data for Dunkeswell Aerodrome 252m amsl (1981–2010) (extremes 1990–present)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 12.5
(54.5)
11.2
(52.2)
14.7
(58.5)
22.8
(73.0)
23.3
(73.9)
26.3
(79.3)
28.3
(82.9)
26.3
(79.3)
22.0
(71.6)
24.1
(75.4)
14.7
(58.5)
13.4
(56.1)
28.3
(82.9)
Average high °C (°F) 6.7
(44.1)
6.7
(44.1)
9.0
(48.2)
11.4
(52.5)
14.7
(58.5)
17.4
(63.3)
19.4
(66.9)
19.1
(66.4)
16.7
(62.1)
12.9
(55.2)
9.5
(49.1)
6.9
(44.4)
12.5
(54.6)
Average low °C (°F) 1.7
(35.1)
1.4
(34.5)
2.8
(37.0)
3.8
(38.8)
6.8
(44.2)
9.5
(49.1)
11.7
(53.1)
11.7
(53.1)
9.8
(49.6)
7.4
(45.3)
4.5
(40.1)
2.3
(36.1)
6.1
(43.0)
Record low °C (°F) −7.8
(18.0)
−6.0
(21.2)
−7.4
(18.7)
−0.3
(31.5)
2.6
(36.7)
7.0
(44.6)
7.8
(46.0)
7.0
(44.6)
4.1
(39.4)
−0.4
(31.3)
−5.6
(21.9)
−5.7
(21.7)
−7.8
(18.0)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 112.5
(4.43)
82.7
(3.26)
79.9
(3.15)
75.0
(2.95)
72.3
(2.85)
66.0
(2.60)
66.8
(2.63)
73.8
(2.91)
81.6
(3.21)
117.6
(4.63)
115.9
(4.56)
121.2
(4.77)
1,065.3
(41.95)
Average rainy days (≥ 1.0 mm) 15.6 11.9 12.7 11.0 11.3 9.2 10.2 10.4 10.6 14.7 14.8 14.9 147.3
Mean monthly sunshine hours 55.0 75.1 109.0 166.5 191.0 204.6 196.8 188.9 146.5 101.8 71.0 55.4 1,561.6
Source #1: Met Office[6]
Source #2: en.tutiempo[7][8]

Dunkeswell Abbey[edit]

The abbey is 2 miles (3.2 km) north of the village. The abbey was founded in 1201 by William Briwere as a Cistercian monastery and offshoot of Forde Abbey. The founder granted much property within Devon to the abbey. Around two years before his death in 1226, he entered the community and was eventually buried in front of the high altar of the abbey church.

Following the Dissolution of the Monasteries the abbey was closed in 1539 and granted to John Russell, 1st Baron Russell (1485–1555), later 1st Earl of Bedford, and was mostly demolished quickly, though a section remained in domestic use until the 19th century. In 1842, a parish church was built over part of the site. Some surviving fragments of monastery include the partial end wall of the cellarer's range and parts of a gatehouse. Some carved fragments survive within Holy Trinity Church which was built here in 1842 in Early English style.[9]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Census 2001: Parish Headcounts: East Devon". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 8 July 2012.
  2. ^ "Parish population 2011". Retrieved 24 February 2015.
  3. ^ "Ward population 2011". Retrieved 24 February 2015.
  4. ^ "Map of Devon Parishes" (PDF). Devon County Council. Retrieved 7 July 2016.
  5. ^ "Dunkeswell Eco-Business Park - About Us". Archived from the original on 2009-04-06. Retrieved 13 July 2011.
  6. ^ "Dunkeswell Aerodrome Climate Period: 1981–2010". Met Office. Retrieved 13 November 2018.
  7. ^ https://en.tutiempo.net/climate/ws-38400.html
  8. ^ https://www.msn.com/en-gb/weather/records/Dunkeswell,England,United-Kingdom/we-city?iso=GB&el=RzodFF%2FneZQ%2FKaBiz2VwhQ%3D%3D
  9. ^ Pevsner, N. (1952) South Devon. Penguin Books; pp. 123-24
  • New, Anthony A Guide to the Abbeys of England and Wales, p. 156-157. Constable.

External links[edit]

Media related to Dunkeswell at Wikimedia Commons