|Helicycle N727X at Homer Bell's 22nd Annual Helicopter Fly-in, July 14, 2006|
|First flight||September, 1997|
The Helicycle is a single-seat, single, semi-rigid main rotor helicopter powered by a turboshaft engine. Manufactured by Eagle R&D in Nampa, Idaho as a kit, the aircraft is intended to be assembled by the owner and is considered a homebuilt aircraft. The Helicycle was conceived and designed by B.J. Schramm, the founder of RotorWay International.
Schramm's concept for the Helicycle was to provide a kit for building a reliable, high-performance, real helicopter for a reasonable cost to individuals (on the order of a mid-priced SUV). Fabrication and assembly skills only require being able to accurately drill holes, bend sheet metal and tubing, install fasteners, run wiring, etc.; no welding or highly specialized aviation-specific tools are required. Kits are delivered in six increments, including the frame and skids, engine, transmission, main rotor subassembly, tail rotor subassembly, controls and linkages, cockpit exterior/interior, and fuel and electrical subsystems. Assembly instructions are provided in the form of video clips on video CDs (Video CDs) or DVDs, blueprints, and checklists.
The Helicycle helicopter is the first experimental helicopter kit in mass-production to be powered by a turbine engine, the military surplus Solar T62-T32, capable of producing 150 shaft horsepower. The engine is limited to 95 horsepower due to torque limits on the main gearbox and rotor system.
As of June 2010, five runs of about 30 kits each have been delivered to builders, for a total of 160 kits, of which more than 80 have been completed and are flying, with another kit being completed every other month, on average (delivery of a sixth run is scheduled to start in 2010). A unique feature of the kits is that a factory checkout must be completed by a factory-designated airframe and power plant (A&P) technician and test pilot before the builder is allowed to fly the aircraft. The factory withholds a few critical components needed for flight, such as the main rotor bearings, which the factory representative brings to the checkout. In order to ensure that prospective pilots have the necessary flight skills, builders must have at least a solo endorsement from a certified flight instructor (CFI) for flying a commercially-built Robinson R22 helicopter.
The total number of hours accumulated on all Helicycles flying is estimated to be well in excess of 3,000 flight hours, with three fatal accidents, the latest occurring on 28 September 2014 in rural Sumner county, Tennessee. There have been several accidents and incidents where Helicycles have lost power in/near hover, resulting in minor damage to the skids and some airframes, but no serious injuries. Most of these were attributed to a radio-frequency interference (RFI) problem with the electronic governor, and the issue was reportedly solved with better shielding in 2005. At least one accident may have been caused by a crack in a fuel line due to lack of mechanical support between a manifold and a fuel injection port. Another accident involved flight into high-voltage power distribution wires, but the aircraft was able to fly again, following repairs, and the pilot was not seriously injured. The NTSB report on the fatal accident indicates extensive damage to the helicopter due to impact with a body of water. An examination of the anti-torque pedal assembly by the NTSB Materials Laboratory revealed that the fracture surface patterns found on it were consistent with a bending overstress separation. It could not be determined whether the overstress condition was the result of a precrash or postcrash event. According to the probable cause report, N3275Q suffered "inflight collision with terrain/water", and "reason for occurrence undetermined - Pilot In Command".
Specific design features include a fully harmonized rotor, a modulated collective pitch system, very low twice-per-revolution vibration level due to elastomeric thrust bearings, a sufficient flapping angle for low-"G" maneuvers and slope landings, control friction devices, and an electronic throttle control (governor).
The feel of the controls in the Helicycle is modeled after that of the Robinson R22, such that quick stops and autorotations are performed similarly in both aircraft, reportedly allowing new pilots to transition to flying their kits with minimal adjustments.
Maintenance primarily consists of visual inspection of all structural components, wiring, and moving parts outside the powerplant, and lubrication of bearings every 100 hours of operation. The time between overhauls (TBO) of the aircraft is estimated to be 1,500-2,000 hours. The track record of the Solar T-62 gas turbine power plant in military applications (Sikorsky CH-53E Super Stallion and Boeing CH-47 Chinook auxiliary power units) is reported to be excellent — so much so, that the maintenance schedule essentially consists of inspection of the powerplant interior at 1,000 hours and overhaul of the powerplant when wear is measured beyond established tolerances.
Data from Eagle R&D
- Crew: one
- Length: 20 ft 10 in (6.35 m)
- Rotor diameter: 19 ft 10 in (6.05 m)
- Height: 7 ft 4 in (2.23 m)
- Disc area: 308 ft² (28.6 m²)
- Empty weight: 500 lb (227 kg)
- Useful load: 220 lb (100 kg)
- Max. takeoff weight: 850 lb (386 kg)
- Powerplant: 1 × Solar T62-T32 turboshaft, 150 shp (112 kW)
- Maximum speed: 96 knots (110 mph, 177 km/h)
- Cruise speed: 83 knots (95 mph, 153 km/h)
- Range: 140 nm (160 mi, 257 km)
- Service ceiling: 11,000 ft (3353 m)
- Rate of climb: 900 ft/min (4.6 m/s)
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Eagle Helicycle.|
- "NTSB accident investigation probable cause finding (.pdf)" (PDF).
- "Helicycle Specs". Retrieved 2008-04-13.
- EAA Chapter 25 July 2004 newsletter article describing Ami Sela's Helicycle construction project
- NTSB accident investigation probable cause finding (.pdf)
- Helicycle N3275Q NTSB accident investigation probable cause finding
- Helicycle N3275Q NTSB accident investigation factual report
- SW Aviator Magazine article on the Helicycle
- February 2007 "Experimental Helo" magazine on-line article "What Kind of Person Builds a Helicopter?"
- September 2004 "Kitplanes" magazine article "B.J. Schramm - A Homebuilding Legend"
- December 2003 "Kitplanes" magazine article (p. 7) "First Solar T-62 Turbines Available for Helicycle"
- September 2003 "The Great Northwest Sport Rotorcraft Association" newsletter observations of the turbine-powered Helicycle, and discussions with factory-designated checkout technician and test pilot Doug Schwochert
- February 2003 "Kitplanes" magazine article (p. 15) "It's Turbine Time for the Helicycle"
- January 2002 "Kitplanes" magazine article (p. 81) "Miracle Machine? B.J. Schramm's Helicycle may rewrite the standards on homebuilt helis"
- 2001 EAA Arlington Fly-In Judging Results - Helicycle N3275Q voted Grand Champion Rotorcraft
- February 2000 "Kitplanes" magazine news item (p. 4) "Around the Patch: What's up with the Helicycle?"
- October 1997 "Experimental Aircraft Association Sport Aviation" magazine (p. 46) B.J. Schramm's Helicycle Motorcycle of the Air
- October 1997 "Kitplanes" magazine news item (p. 88) "The Business Side: A new compound helicopter flies in Idaho (Helicycle)"
- October 1995 "Kitplanes" magazine news item (p. 4) "Around the Patch: Helicycle, new kit from B. J. Schramm"
- "Kitplanes" magazine 2007 Aircraft Directory
- "Kitplanes" magazine 2006 Light-Sport Aircraft and Rotorcraft Directory
- "Kitplanes" magazine 2005 Trikes, 'Chutes and Rotorcraft Directory
- www.helicycle.com — Eagle R&D factory site
- Experimental Aircraft Association Web page about Tom Sled's Helicycle N3722T — completed during the centennial year of the celebration of the Wright brothers' first flight. Tom's first Helicycle flight occurred within five minutes of the 100th anniversary of the Wright's first flight on 17 December 1903