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Population 335 
Council area
Country Scotland
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Postcode district EH45
Police Scottish
Fire Scottish
Ambulance Scottish
EU Parliament Scotland
UK Parliament
Scottish Parliament
List of places

Eddleston (Scottish Gaelic: Baile Ghille Mhoire) is a small village and civil parish in the Scottish Borders area of Scotland. It lies 4 miles (6.4 km) north of Peebles and 9 miles (14 km) south of Penicuik on the A703, which passes through the centre of the village. Nearby is the Great Polish Map of Scotland, a large terrain map. The Eddleston Water runs through the village.

According to the 2001 census, there were 129 households, with a population of 335 people, 47% male and 53% female. Eddleston contains a few farms outside of the village centre. Barony Castle (also known by its earlier name of Black Barony), in the village, dates back to the 16th century, and was the property of the Murray Baronets, as was nearby Cringletie, which is now a hotel.


Eddleston's earliest recorded name was Penteiacob, in Old Welsh or Brittonic, and meant "headland of James's house". The Anglo-Gaelic of Gillemorestun of the 12th century AD meant "town of St Mary's lad", and gave rise to the current Gaelic name for the village, Baile Ghille Mhoire. It became Edulfstun in 1189 when it was granted to Edulf, son of Utred. This became Edoluestone (circa 1200) and Edwylstone (circa 1305), and was eventually fully Anglicised to Eddleston by the 14th century.[citation needed]

The Great Polish Map of Scotland[edit]

The Great Polish Map of Scotland is a three-dimensional concrete map in the grounds of the Barony Castle Hotel. It was constructed by Polish geographers in the mid-1970s. The map was conceived partly in recognition of the hospitality afforded to Polish soldiers during the Second World War. The idea for the map originated with Jan Tomasik who was the proprietor of the hotel from 1968-1981. It was constructed over a three-year period from 1974. In September 2012 the Scottish Culture Secretary announced that the map had been awarded category B listed status.[1][2]


Most common surnames in Eddleston at the time of the United Kingdom Census of 1881,[3] by order of incidence:

See also[edit]


  • Mulholland, H (1970), The microlithic industries of the Tweed Valley

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 55°42′43″N 3°12′23″W / 55.71198°N 3.20651°W / 55.71198; -3.20651