Eddleston

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Eddleston
Eddleston.jpg
Population335 
Council area
CountryScotland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Postcode districtEH45
PoliceScotland
FireScottish
AmbulanceScottish
EU ParliamentScotland
UK Parliament
Scottish Parliament
List of places
UK
Scotland

Eddleston (Scottish Gaelic: Baile Ghille Mhoire) is a small village and civil parish in the Scottish Borders area of Scotland. It lies 4 miles (6.4 km) north of Peebles and 9 miles (14 km) south of Penicuik on the A703, which passes through the centre of the village. Nearby is the Great Polish Map of Scotland, a large terrain map. The Eddleston Water runs through the village.

According to the 2001 census, there were 129 households, with a population of 335 people, 47% male and 53% female. Eddleston contains a few farms outside of the village centre. Barony Castle (also known by its earlier name of Black Barony), in the village, dates back to the 16th century, and was the property of the Murray Baronets, as was nearby Cringletie, which is now a hotel.

Etymology[edit]

Eddleston's earliest recorded name was Penteiacob, in Old Welsh or Brittonic, and meant "headland of James's house". The Anglo-Gaelic of Gillemorestun of the 12th century AD meant "town of St Mary's lad", and gave rise to the current Gaelic name for the village, Baile Ghille Mhoire. It became Edulfstun in 1189 when it was granted to Edulf, son of Utred. This became Edoluestone (circa 1200) and Edwylstone (circa 1305), and was eventually fully Anglicised to Eddleston by the 14th century.[citation needed]

The Great Polish Map of Scotland[edit]

The Great Polish Map of Scotland is a three-dimensional concrete map in the grounds of the Barony Castle Hotel. It was constructed by Polish geographers in the mid-1970s. The map was conceived partly in recognition of the hospitality afforded to Polish soldiers during the Second World War. The idea for the map originated with Jan Tomasik who was the proprietor of the hotel from 1968-1981. It was constructed over a three-year period from 1974. In September 2012 the Scottish Culture Secretary announced that the map had been awarded category B listed status.[1][2]

Eddleston Primary School[edit]

Eddleston has a primary school with approximately 50 students, but no secondary school.[3] The school moved to its current building in 1992.[4]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Great Polish Map of Scotland Granted listed status "BBC News", Accessed 17 September 2012
  2. ^ Historic Environment Scotland. "Barony Castle Hotel, The Great Polish Map of Scotland  (Category B) (LB51957)". Retrieved 26 March 2019.
  3. ^ "Primary School". Eddleston Village Website. Retrieved 12 June 2019.
  4. ^ "Our School". Eddleston Primary School. Retrieved 12 June 2019.
  • Mulholland, H (1970), The microlithic industries of the Tweed Valley

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 55°42′43″N 3°12′23″W / 55.71198°N 3.20651°W / 55.71198; -3.20651