Edward H. Clarke
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Edward Hedrick Clarke (December 23, 1939 - October 10, 2013) was an American Senior Economist with the Office of Management and Budget, (Office of Information and Regulatory Affairs) involved in transportation regulatory affairs.
Born in Richmond, Virginia, Clarke was a graduate of Princeton University in 1962 and the University of Chicago, where he received an MBA (1965) and a Ph.D (1978). He worked in public policy at the city/regional (Chicago), State, Federal and international levels. He worked for the Federal government as an economist for more than 35 years.
As relates to his expertise in transportation economics and policy, he served as an urban economic analyst with the Real Estate Research Corporation of Chicago and the State of Illinois Bureau of the Budget (as economic advisor to the Director). In both of these jobs he was involved in various aspects of transportation finance and planning. He served as special assistant to the Secretary of the Treasury (George P. Shultz) and chief economist at A. I. D's Bureau of Planning and Policy Coordination. During the mid-1970s, he was heavily involved in airline and trucking deregulation and most recently in oversight of Federal regulatory activities affecting transportation.
In public economics, he developed the demand revealing mechanism for public project selection which was noted in the Nobel Committee's award of the 1996 Nobel Prize in Economics to William Vickrey. Clarke's 1994 TRB paper (with Wayne Brough and Nicolaus Tideman), entitled "Airport Congestion and Noise, Interplay of Allocation and Distribution" illustrates the potential applicability of the Vickrey and Clarke/Groves demand revealing mechanisms to problems of transportation congestion. This method was the subject of Nobel Prizes awarded in 2007.