Edwin George Monk
Edwin George Monk, English church organist and composer, who was Organist and Master of Choristers at York Minster for a quarter of a century, and was previously associated with St Columba's and Radley Colleges. He was born on 13 December 1819 at Frome, Somerset, and died on 3 January 1900 at Radley, near Abingdon, Oxfordshire.
Monk studied in Bath and London under George MacFarren (theory), John Pyke Hullah (singing) and Henry Philips (singing). He was appointed organist at St John's, Midsomer Norton and afterwards at Christ Church, Frome.
Dublin and Radley
In going to Dublin in 1844, Monk commenced an association with William Sewell and Robert Singleton at the newly established (1843) High Church Anglican St Columba's College, Rathfarnham. It was an association which continued when the three men jointly were involved in founding St Peter's College, Radley, in Oxfordshire three years later. Monk's position at St Columba's was as organist, Precentor and Master of Music, and he was made a Fellow of the college.
Monk went to Oxford in 1847 and with Sewell and Singleton, helped in establishing the new college at Radley. In 1848 he became the first Fellow of St Peter's College, Radley, again, as at St Columba's, as Precentor. He features in entries in old boys' memoirs inter alia in connection with early games of cricket and football when there were insufficient boys to make up full teams. There is also an account of Monk having made a kite which was duly decorated with the school emblem and a device reading Sic itur ad astra.
Monk pursued an academic career at Oxford, graduating BMus in 1848 and being awarded a doctorate in 1856. At Oxford Monk also founded the University Motet and Madrigal Society. In addition to his musical career, he was an amateur astronomer (becoming a Fellow of the Royal Astronomical Society in 1871) and a Biblical scholar.
At Radley, Monk built up a firmly founded choral tradition and oversaw installation of Singleton's organ.
In 1859 E.G. Monk succeeded Thomas Simpson Camidge as organist at York Minster, and it was here that the long collaboration between himself and Singleton (who, after an interval living back in Ireland, had gone to York) resulted in the jointly edited collection The Anglican Hymn-Book – which contained nearly thirty original hymns. E.G. Monk was one of the first twenty-one members of the Royal College of Organists.
At York, Monk would oversee the rebuilding of both organs in the Minster.
Monk retired after nearly a quarter of a century of service at York Minster and returned to Radley, where he remained for the rest of his life, living in a house in the village. Following his death, he was interred alongside his wife, who predeceased him in 1883, in the Radley churchyard. No formal memorial commemorates him at Radley College, but the organ at St Jame's Church in the village was installed in his memory.
Editor and composer
Monk is generally better known for his editorial work than for original compositions, the former including:
- The Psalter, with the canticles and hymns of the church pointed for chanting, and set to appropriate chants. 1850.
- The Anglican Chant Book. A collection of single chants, chiefly by composers of the sixteenth, seventeenth, and eighteenth centuries edited by Edwin George Monk (1850)
- The Anglican choral service book: being the order for chanting the daily prayer, litany, and holy communion, &c. Novello, Ewer and Co. 1858.
- Words of the Anglican Hymn Book. Edited by ... R. C. Singleton ... and E. G. Monk. London: J.H. & J. Parker. 1868.
- The Anglican Hymn Book. Novello, Ewer. 1871.
- Chants for the Daily Psalms: As Used in York Minster. J. Sampson. 1869.
Of his compositional output, says Philip Scowcroft, Monk "nevertheless begat church music and cantatas conscientiously." It has been noted that his most significant work was with Anglican psalms, and several of his own chants are still in regular use. Especially well known amongst some forty hymn tunes is Monk's Angel Voices, composed in 1861 for Francis Pott's hymn of that name, written for the opening of an organ in Wingates Church, Lancashire. Another of his tunes is Hopkins, associated with the hymn When from the East the wise men came.
- "Edwin Monk". R.C. Singleton's Diary (1847). Radley College. 4 March 1847. Retrieved 10 August 2019.
- Richard W. Adams (31 July 2019). "Edwin George Monk". hymntime.com. Retrieved 10 August 2019.
- Banfield, Stephen (2001). "Monk, Edwin George". Grove Music Online. Oxford University Press. 1. doi:10.1093/gmo/9781561592630.article.18961.
- Moffatt, James (1927). Handbook to the Church Hymnary. Oxford University Press. p. 434.
- "The Fellows of St. Columba's College, Stackallan". R.C. Singleton's Diary (1847). Radley College. 24 July 1847. Retrieved 10 August 2019.
- "Monro's school at Harrow Weald". R.C. Singleton's Diary (1847). Radley College. 23 March 1847. Retrieved 10 August 2019.
- "Edward Howard". R.C. Singleton's Diary (1847). Radley College. 20 July 1847. Retrieved 10 August 2019.
- "About Robert Singleton". R.C. Singleton's Diary (1847). Retrieved 10 August 2019.
- Pearce, Charles William (1911). A Biographical Sketch of Edmund Hart Turpin. Vincent Music.
- Scowcroft, Philip (n.d.). "Some Yorkshire Organist-Composers". MusicWeb (UK). Retrieved 10 August 2019.
- Francis Pott (1861). "Angel voices, ever singing". Hymnary.org. Retrieved 10 August 2019.
- "In Memoriam - Dr E.G. Monk". The Radleian (284): 90. 7 April 1900.