Jakob Friedrich Ehrhart

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Jakob Friedrich Ehrhart (4 November 1742, Holderbank, Aargau – 26 June 1795) was a German botanist, a pupil of Carl Linnaeus at Uppsala University, and later director of the Botanical Garden of Hannover, where he produced several major botanical works between 1780 and 1793. Ehrhart was the first author to use the rank of subspecies in botanical literature, and he published many subspecific names between 1780 and 1789.[1]

In 1779, Carl Peter Thunberg (1743–1828) named a genus of grasses, Ehrharta, in Ehrhart's honor.[2][3]


  • Chloris hanoverana, 1776.
  • Supplementum systematis vegetabilium, generum et specierum plantarum, 1781.
  • Beiträge zur Naturkunde, und den damit verwandten Wissenschaften, besonders der Botanik, Chemie, Haus- und Landwirthschaft, Arzneigelahrtheit und Apothekerkunst, seven volumes (1787 to 1792) – Contributions to natural history, etc.
  • Autobiography in Usteri's Annals of Botany.[4]


  1. ^ Chater A.O., Brummitt R.K. (1966). Subspecies in the works of Friedrich Ehrhart. Taxon 15:95–106.
  2. ^ Transactions, Volumes 5–6 By Linnean Society of London, Linnean Society of London. Library
  3. ^ Google Books Introduction to botanic teachings at the schools of Victoria by Ferdinand von Mueller
  4. ^ List of publications copied from an article on Jakob Friedrich Ehrhart at German Wikipedia.
  5. ^ International Plant Names Index.  Ehrh.