Manulea complana

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Scarce footman
Eilema complana01.jpg
Eilema complana.jpg
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Lepidoptera
Superfamily: Noctuoidea
Family: Erebidae
Genus: Manulea
Species: M. complana
Binomial name
Manulea complana
(Linnaeus, 1758)[1]
  • Phalaena complana Linnaeus, 1758
  • ochrocephala Geoffroy, 1785
  • Lithosia complanata Costa, 1833
  • Lithosia sericea Gregson, 1860
  • Lithosia molybdeola Guenée, 1861
  • Crambidia allegheniensis Holland, 1903
  • Lithosia complana balcanica Daniel, 1939
  • Lithosia complana f. postgrisescens Lempke, 1961
  • Lithosia complana f. pallida van Wisselingh, 1961
  • Lithosia complana f. flava Lempke, 1964
  • Eilema angustiala Bryk, [1949] 1948

Manulea complana, the scarce footman, is a moth of the family Erebidae. It is found throughout the Palearctic region.


Technical description and variation[edit]

The wingspan is 28–35 mm. Very like Eilema morosinum (Herrich-Schäffer, [1847]) but the forewing not so elongate, and the angles not so accentuated, the costal streak broader and brighter yellow, the hindwing duller, not so transparent; the apex of the abdomen brighter yellow. On the underside the disc is very blackish iron grey, and contrasts vividly with the orange-yellow costa and the broad pale yellow marginal area. Hindwing beneath pale yellow, the costa deeper yellow; below costa a grey streak from the base. [2]


The moth flies from June to August depending on the location.

Larva blackish dorsally, with narrow lighter lines; subdorsal lines composed of small reddish yellow and white spots; lateral line interrupted, reddish yellow. The larvae feed on lichen and mosses, but also leaves of low growing plants on occasion.


  1. ^ Dubatolov, V. V. & V. V. Zolotuhin. (2011). Does Eilema Hübner, (1819) (Lepidoptera, Arctiidae, Lithosiinae) present one or several genera? Euroasian Entomological Journal 10(3) 367-79, 380, col. plate VII.
  2. ^ Seitz, E. in Seitz, A. Ed. Die Großschmetterlinge der Erde, Verlag Alfred Kernen, Stuttgart Band 2: Abt. 1, Die Großschmetterlinge des palaearktischen Faunengebietes, Die palaearktischen Spinner und Schwärmer, 1912-1913

External links[edit]