Elisabeth Tamm (30 June 1880, on the manor Fogelstad in Julita, Södermanlands län – 23 September 1958) was a Swedish liberal politician and women's rights activist. She was known in the parliament as Tamm i Fogelstad ("Tamm of Fogelstad").
She was the eldest daughter and heiress of the Parliamentarian and landowner August Tamm and Baroness Emma Åkerhielm af Margrethelund. She and her sister Märta was schooled at home by a governess, and was also instructed in how to manage an estate by their father. She attended lectures at the Uppsala University; however, in 1905 she inherited Fogelstad Manor from her father, and abandoned her plans to study in order to attend to her estate. She never married.
Her father being a politician, Tamm showed an early interest in politics and the growing women's movement.
Being an unmarried woman of legal majority as well as wealthy, she fulfilled the criteria which made her qualify to vote in municipal elections, and when women became eligible in municipal elections in 1909, she became engaged in local politics.
She was the deputy chairman of the Communal Council of Julita in 1913, the chairman in 1916, and a member of the board of directors of the city council in 1919-1930. She was the chairman of the independent non-party political women's organisation Frisinnade kvinnors riksförbund of Södermanland in 1922-1931, and municipal communal speaker for Julita in 1933-1936.
In 1921, she became one of the five first women to be elected to the Swedish Parliament after women suffrage alongside Nelly Thüring (Social Democrat), Agda Östlund (Social Democrat) and Bertha Wellin (Conservative) in the Lower chamber, and Kerstin Hesselgren in the Upper chamber. She focused on women's rights issues, such as equal salaries for women and the access to all official professions for both sexes. She was originally engaged within a Liberal party, but was from 1924 an independent. She served as MP until 1924.
She continued to be active in municipal politics after she left parliament. She retired from politics for health reasons in 1936.
Women's rights work
She was also active within ecology and wrote the book Fred med jorden (Peace with Earth) with Elin Wägner in 1940.
- Tvåkammarriksdagen 1867-1970 (Almqvist & Wiksell International 1988), band 1, s. 398
- Hvar 8 dag - illustreradt magasin 1921-1922, Bonniers tryckeri, Göteborg 1922 s.34
- Elisabeth Tamm på Fogelstad - liv och verk, Hjördis Levin (2003)