Elizabeth B. Andrews

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For other people named Elizabeth Andrews, see Elizabeth Andrews (disambiguation).
Elizabeth B. Andrews
Elizabeth Bullock Andrews.jpg
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Alabama's 3rd district
In office
April 4, 1972 – January 3, 1973
Preceded by George W. Andrews
Succeeded by William F. Nichols
Personal details
Born February 12, 1911
Geneva, Alabama
Died December 2, 2002(2002-12-02) (aged 91)
Birmingham, Alabama
Political party Democratic
Spouse(s) George W. Andrews
Alma mater University of Montevallo
Profession school teacher
Religion Baptist

Elizabeth Bullock Andrews (February 12, 1911 – December 2, 2002) was an American and a U.S. Representative from Alabama, wife of congressman George William Andrews, and the first woman to represent Alabama in the United States House of Representatives.

Biography[edit]

Born Leslie Elizabeth Bullock in Geneva, Alabama to Charles Gillespie Bullock and Janie Aycock.[1] Andrews attended Geneva public schools. She earned a B.S. in home economics from Montevallo College (now the University of Montevallo), Montevallo, Alabama, in 1932.[2] She went on to become a high school teacher at Livingston, Alabama.[3] She later took a teaching job in Union Springs for the better pay during the Depression. This is where she met her husband, George William Andrews.[1] They married on November 25, 1936 and had two children, Jane and George, Jr. The marriage lasted more than 35 years until his death of complications from heart surgery on December 25, 1971.[2]

Career[edit]

When her husband first ran for the 78th Congress, she was heavily involved with his campaign. He was reelected to 14 succeeding Congresses and the couple relocated to Washington, DC where Andrews became involved in the Congressional Club and served as vice president in 1971.[2]

After her husband's death in 1971, she was greatly encouraged by Lera Thomas and other friends to run for George's office as she could carry on his legacy. Andrews announced her candidacy on January 1, 1972 and received the endorsement of Alabama Governor George Wallace.[2][4] Running unopposed, she was elected as a Democrat by special election to the Ninety-second Congress to fill the vacancy caused by the death of her husband, United States Representative George W. Andrews.[2][5] She served the remainder of that Congress from April 4, 1972 to January 3, 1973.[6] She was not a candidate for reelection to the Ninety-third Congress in 1972. She remained the only woman elected to represent Alabama in either House of Congress until the elections of Representatives Martha Roby and Terri Sewell in 2010.[2]

During her term on the 92nd Congress, she was on the Committee on Post Office and Civil Service where she introduced amendments to protect medical and Social Security benefits. She also worked to find funding for Birmingham research centers researching cancer and heart disease. She supported the Nixon administration's plan for withdrawing U.S. troops from Vietnam.[2] Andrews also worked to sponsor legislation to designate Tuskegee University as a National Historic Site.[7]

She left Congress in January 1973 and she moved to Union Springs where she was active in civic affairs.[2]

Death[edit]

Andrews died on December 2, 2002 (age 91 years, 293 days), in Birmingham, Alabama. She is interred at Oak Hill Cemetery, Union Springs, Alabama.[8]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Eilzabeth Andrews | Encyclopedia of Alabama". Encyclopedia of Alabama. Retrieved 2015-12-21. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h "ANDREWS, Elizabeth Bullock | US House of Representatives: History, Art & Archives". history.house.gov. Retrieved 2015-12-21. 
  3. ^ "Elizabeth B. Andrews". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved 18 May 2013. 
  4. ^ Company, DIANE Publishing (1997-04-01). Women in Congress, 1917-1990. DIANE Publishing. ISBN 9780788142567. 
  5. ^ Staff, From Times; Reports, Wire (2002-12-10). "Elizabeth Andrews, 92; State's Only Elected Congresswoman". Los Angeles Times. ISSN 0458-3035. Retrieved 2015-12-21. 
  6. ^ "Elizabeth B. Andrews". Govtrack US Congress. Retrieved 18 May 2013. 
  7. ^ Weatherford, Doris (2012-01-20). Women in American Politics: History and Milestones. SAGE Publications. ISBN 9781608710072. 
  8. ^ "Elizabeth B. Andrews". The Political Graveyard. Retrieved 18 May 2013. 

External links[edit]


 This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress.

United States House of Representatives
Preceded by
George W. Andrews
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Alabama's 3rd congressional district

April 4, 1972 – January 3, 1973
Succeeded by
William F. Nichols