Women in the United States House of Representatives

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Sometimes called the "Lady of the House", Jeannette Rankin entered the House in 1917 as the first woman in Congress.
Nancy Pelosi, 52nd Speaker of the House (2007–11), the first woman in that position.

Women have served in the United States House of Representatives since the 1917 entrance of Jeannette Rankin, a Republican from Montana. Nearly 300 women have since served in the House. As of January 2015, there are 84 female representatives, or 19.3% of the body.[1]

Women have been elected to the House of Representatives from 45 of the 50 states in the United States. The states that have not elected a woman to the House are Alaska, Iowa, Mississippi, North Dakota, and Vermont—though Alaska, Iowa, and North Dakota have elected women to the United States Senate.

Widow's succession[edit]

Mae Ella Nolan was the first woman elected to her husband's seat in Congress, which is sometimes known as the widow's succession. In the early years of women in Congress, the seat was held only until the next election and the women retired after that single Congress. She thereby became a placeholder merely finishing out her late husband's elected term. As the years progressed, however, more and more of these widow successors sought re-election. These women began to win their own elections.

As of 2013, 38 widows have won their husbands' seats in the House, and 8 in the Senate. The only current examples are Representatives Lois Capps and Doris Matsui of California. The most successful example is Margaret Chase Smith of Maine, who served a total of 32 years in both houses and became the first woman elected to both the House and the Senate. She began the end of McCarthyism with a famous speech, "The Declaration of Conscience", became the first major-party female presidential candidate and the first woman to receive votes at a national nominating convention, and was the first (and highest ranking to date) woman to enter the Republican Party Senate leadership (in the third-highest post of Chairwoman of the Senate Republican Conference). The third woman elected to Congress, Winnifred Huck, was similarly elected to her father's seat.

Number of women[edit]

Number of women in the United States House of Representatives by Congress[edit]

Number of women in the United States Congress (1917–2013):[2]

Congress Years in Congress %
65th 1917–1919 1 0.2%
66th 1919–1921 0 0%
67th 1921–1923 4 0.7%
68th 1923–1925 1 0.2%
69th 1925–1927 3 0.6%
70th 1927–1929 5 0.9%
71st 1929–1931 9 1.7%
72nd 1931–1933 8
73rd 1933–1935 8 1.5%
74th 1935–1937 8 1.5%
75th 1937–1939 9 1.7%
76th 1939–1941 9 1.7%
77th 1941–1943 10 1.9%
78th 1943–1945 9
79th 1945–1947 11 2.1%
80th 1947–1949 8 1.5%
81st 1949–1951 10 1.9%
82nd 1951–1953 11 2.1%
83rd 1953–1955 15 2.8%
84th 1955–1957 18 3.4%
85th 1957–1959 16 3.0%
86th 1959–1961 19 3.5%
87th 1961–1963 20
88th 1963–1965 14 2.6%
89th 1965–1967 13
90th 1967–1969 12 2.2%
91st 1969–1971 11 2.1%
92nd 1971–1973 15 2.8%
93rd 1973–1975 16 3.0%
94th 1975–1977 19 3.6%
95th 1977–1979 20 3.7%
96th 1979–1981 17 3.2%
97th 1981–1983 23 4.3%
98th 1983–1985 24 4.5%
99th 1985–1987 25 4.7%
100th 1987–1989 26 4.9%
101st 1989–1991 31 5.8%
102nd 1991–1993 33 6.2%
103rd 1993–1995 55 10.3%
104th 1995–1997 59 11.0%
105th 1997–1999 66 12.3%
106th 1999–2001 67 12.5%
107th 2001–2003 75 14.0%
108th 2003–2005 77 14.4%
109th 2005–2007 85 15.9%
110th 2007–2009 94 17.6%
111th 2009–2011 96 17.9%
112th 2011–2013 96 17.9%
113th 2013–2015 102 19.1%
114th 2015–2017 104 19.4%

Number of women in the United States House of Representatives by party[edit]

Notes: "% of party" is taken from voting members at the beginning of the Congress, while numbers and "% of women" include all female House members of the given Congress

Congress Years Women total Republican % of women % of party Democratic % of women % of party
65th 1917–1919 1 1 100% 0.5% 0 0.0% 0.0%
66th 1919–1921 0 0 0.0% 0.0% 0 0.0% 0.0%
67th 1921–1923 3 3 100% 0.3% 0 0.0% 0.0%
68th 1923–1925 1 1 100% 0.4% 0 0.0% 0.0%
69th 1925–1927 3 2 66.7% 0.4% 1 33.3% 0.5%
70th 1927–1929 5 3 60.0% 1.3% 2 40.0% 0.5%
71st 1929–1931 9 5 55.6% 1.9% 4 44.4% 1.8%
72nd 1931–1933 7 3 42.9% 1.4% 4 57.1% 1.4%
73rd 1933–1935 7 3 42.9% 1.7% 4 57.1% 1.0%
74th 1935–1937 6 2 33.3% 1.9% 4 66.7% 1.2%
75th 1937–1939 6 1 16.7% 1.1% 5 83.3% 1.2%
76th 1939–1941 8 4 50.0% 1.2% 4 50.0% 0.8%
77th 1941–1943 9 5 55.6% 3.1% 4 44.4% 0.7%
78th 1943–1945 8 6 75.0% 2.9% 2 25.0% 0.5%
79th 1945–1947 11 5 45.5% 2.6% 6 54.5% 1.7%
80th 1947–1949 7 5 71.4% 2.0% 2 28.6% 1.1%
81st 1949–1951 9 4 44.4% 2.3% 5 55.6% 1.5%
82nd 1951–1953 10 6 60.0% 3.0% 4 40.0% 0.9%
83rd 1953–1955 12 7 58.3% 2.7% 5 41.7% 2.3%
84th 1955–1957 17 7 41.2% 3.0% 10 58.8% 3.4%
85th 1957–1959 15 6 40.0% 3.0% 9 60.0% 3.8%
86th 1959–1961 17 8 47.1% 5.2% 9 52.9% 2.8%
87th 1961–1963 18 7 38.9% 3.5% 11 61.1% 3.4%
88th 1963–1965 12 6 50.0% 2.8% 6 50.0% 2.3%
89th 1965–1967 11 4 36.4% 2.9% 7 63.6% 2.0%
90th 1967–1969 11 5 45.5% 2.7% 6 54.5% 2.4%
91st 1969–1971 10 4 40.0% 2.1% 6 60.0% 2.5%
92nd 1971–1973 13 3 23.1% 1.1% 10 76.9% 3.5%
93rd 1973–1975 16 2 12.5% 1.0% 14 87.5% 5.0%
94th 1975–1977 19 5 26.3% 2.8% 14 73.7% 4.8%
95th 1977–1979 18 5 27.8% 3.5% 13 72.2% 4.5%
96th 1979–1981 16 5 31.3% 3.2% 11 68.8% 4.0%
97th 1981–1983 21 10 47.6% 4.7% 11 52.4% 3.7%
98th 1983–1985 22 9 40.9% 5.5% 13 59.1% 4.4%
99th 1985–1987 23 11 47.8% 6.0% 12 52.2% 4.3%
100th 1987–1989 24 11 45.8% 6.2% 13 54.2% 4.3%
101st 1989–1991 29 13 44.8% 6.0% 16 55.2% 5.6%
102nd 1991–1993 30 9 30.0% 5.5% 21 70.0% 7.0%
103rd 1993–1995 48 12 25.0% 6.8% 36 75.0% 13.6%
104th 1995–1997 50 18 36.0% 7.4% 32 64.0% 14.7%
105th 1997–1999 57 18 31.6% 6.6% 39 68.4% 17.0%
106th 1999–2001 58 17 29.3% 7.6% 41 70.7% 18.5%
107th 2001–2003 62 18 29.0% 8.1% 44 71.0% 19.0%
108th 2003–2005 63 21 33.3% 9.2% 42 66.7% 18.5%
109th 2005–2007 71 25 35.2% 9.9% 46 64.8% 20.9%
110th 2007–2009 78 21 26.9% 9.9% 57 73.1% 20.2%
111th 2009–2011 79 17 21.5% 9.6% 62 78.5% 21.5%
112th 2011–2013 79 24 30.4% 9.9% 55 69.6% 23.8%
113th 2013–2015 82 20 24.4% 8.2% 62 75.6% 29.0%
114th 2015–2017 84 22 26.2% 8.9% 62 73.8% 33.0%

List of female members[edit]

This is a complete list of women who have served as members of the United States House of Representatives, ordered by seniority. This list includes women who served in the past and who continue to serve in the present.

Image Name Party District Years Notes
Rep. Rankin Rankin, JeannetteJeannette Rankin Republican Montana at-large March 4, 1917
March 4, 1919
First woman elected to a national office
Retired to run unsuccessfully for the Republican nomination for the United States Senate election in Montana, 1918
Montana's 1st January 3, 1941
January 3, 1943
Retired
Rep. Robertson Robertson, AliceAlice Robertson Republican Oklahoma's 2nd March 4, 1921
March 4, 1923
First woman to defeat an incumbent congressman
Lost reelection
Rep. Huck Huck, WinnifredWinnifred Huck Republican Illinois at-large November 7, 1922
March 4, 1923
Succeeded her father in a special election
First woman incumbent defeated in a primary
First woman to win a special election
Rep. Nolan Nolan, MaeMae Nolan Republican California's 5th January 23, 1923
March 4, 1925
Succeeded her husband
Retired
Rep. Kahn Kahn, FlorenceFlorence Kahn Republican California's 4th March 4, 1925
January 3, 1937
First woman to be reelected
First Jewish woman elected
Succeeded her husband
Lost reelection
Rep. Norton Norton, MaryMary Norton Democratic New Jersey's 12th March 4, 1925
March 4, 1933
First Democratic woman elected
First woman to chair a standing committee (House District of Columbia Committee)
Redistricted
New Jersey's 13th March 4, 1933
January 3, 1951
Retired
Rep. Rogers Rogers, EdithEdith Rogers Republican Massachusetts's 5th June 30, 1925
September 10, 1960
Succeeded her husband
First Chair of the House Veterans' Affairs Committee
Died in office
Rep. Langley Langley, Katherine G.Katherine G. Langley Republican Kentucky's 7th March 4, 1927
March 4, 1931
Succeeded her husband (though not immediately)
Daughter of James M. Gudger, Jr.
Retired
Rep. Oldfield Oldfield, PearlPearl Oldfield Democratic Arkansas's 2nd January 9, 1929
March 4, 1931
Succeeded her husband
Retired
Rep. McCormick McCormick, RuthRuth McCormick Republican Illinois at-large March 4, 1929
March 4, 1931
Daughter of Mark Hanna
Retired to run unsuccessfully for the United States Senate election in Illinois, 1930
Rep. Owen Owen, RuthRuth Owen Democratic Florida's 4th March 4, 1929
March 4, 1933
Daughter of William Jennings Bryan
Lost renomination
Later became first woman Ambassador of the United States (to Denmark)
Rep. Pratt Pratt, RuthRuth Pratt Republican New York's 17th March 4, 1929
March 4, 1933
Lost reelection
Rep. Wingo Wingo, EffiegeneEffiegene Wingo Democratic Arkansas's 4th November 4, 1930
March 4, 1933
Succeeded her husband
Retired
Rep. Eslick Eslick, WillaWilla Eslick Democratic Tennessee's 7th August 14, 1932
March 4, 1933
Succeeded her husband
Not eligible for reelection having not qualified for nomination
Rep. Jenckes Jenckes, Virginia E.Virginia E. Jenckes Democratic Indiana's 6th March 4, 1933
January 3, 1939
Lost reelection
Rep. McCarthy O'Loughlin-McCarthy, KathrynKathryn O'Loughlin-McCarthy Democratic Kansas's 6th March 4, 1933
January 3, 1935
Lost reelection
Rep. Greenway Greenway, IsabellaIsabella Greenway Democratic Arizona at-large October 2, 1933
January 3, 1937
Retired
Rep. Clarke Clarke, Marian W.Marian W. Clarke Republican New York's 34th December 28, 1933
January 3, 1935
Succeeded her husband
Retired
Rep. O'Day O'Day, CarolineCaroline O'Day Democratic New York at-large January 3, 1935
January 3, 1943
First woman Chair of the House Elections Committee
Retired
Rep. Honeyman Honeyman, NanNan Honeyman Democratic Oregon's 3rd January 3, 1937
January 3, 1939
Lost reelection
Rep. Gasque Gasque, ElizabethElizabeth Gasque Democratic South Carolina's 6th September 13, 1938
January 3, 1939
Succeeded her husband
Retired
Rep. Sumner Sumner, JessieJessie Sumner Republican Illinois's 18th January 3, 1939
January 3, 1947
Retired
Rep. McMillan McMillan, Clara G.Clara G. McMillan Democratic South Carolina's 1st November 7, 1939
January 3, 1941
Succeeded her husband
Retired
Rep. Bolton Bolton, Frances P.Frances P. Bolton Republican Ohio's 22nd February 27, 1940
January 3, 1969
Succeeded her husband
Lost reelection
Rep. Smith Smith, Margaret C.Margaret C. Smith Republican Maine's 2nd June 3, 1940
January 3, 1949
Succeeded her husband
Later first woman elected to the United States Senate in a general election without previously being appointed, elected in a special election, or succeeding a husband
In 1964, she became the first woman to run for President of the United States for a major party and to have her name entered for nomination at a major party's national convention
Rep. Gibbs Gibbs, FlorenceFlorence Gibbs Democratic Georgia's 8th October 1, 1940
January 3, 1941
Succeeded her husband
Retired
Rep. Byron Byron, KatharineKatharine Byron Democratic Maryland's 6th May 27, 1941
January 3, 1943
Succeeded her husband
Retired
Rep. Boland Boland, VeronicaVeronica Boland Democratic Pennsylvania's 11th November 3, 1942
January 3, 1943
Succeeded her husband
Retired
Rep. Luce Luce, ClareClare Luce Republican Connecticut's 4th January 3, 1943
January 3, 1947
Retired
Later became United States Ambassador to Italy and United States Ambassador to Brazil
Rep. Stanley Stanley, Winifred C.Winifred C. Stanley Republican New York at-large January 3, 1943
January 3, 1945
Retired
Rep. Fulmer Fulmer, Willa L.Willa L. Fulmer Democratic South Carolina's 2nd November 7, 1944
January 3, 1945
Succeeded her husband
Retired
Rep. Douglas Douglas, EmilyEmily Douglas Democratic Illinois at-large January 3, 1945
January 3, 1947
Lost reelection
Rep. Douglas Gahagan-Douglas, HelenHelen Gahagan-Douglas Democratic California's 14th January 3, 1945
January 3, 1951
Retired to run unsuccessfully for the United States Senate election in California, 1950
Rep. Woodhouse Woodhouse, Chase G.Chase G. Woodhouse Democratic Connecticut's 2nd January 3, 1945
January 3, 1947
Lost reelection
January 3, 1949
January 3, 1951
Lost reelection
Rep. Mankin Mankin, HelenHelen Mankin Democratic Georgia's 5th February 12, 1946
January 3, 1947
Lost renomination
Rep. Pratt Pratt, ElizaEliza Pratt Democratic North Carolina's 8th May 25, 1946
January 3, 1947
Retired
Rep. Lusk Lusk, GeorgiaGeorgia Lusk Democratic New Mexico at-large January 3, 1947
January 3, 1949
Lost renomination
Rep. St. George St. George, KatharineKatharine St. George Republican New York's 29th January 3, 1947
January 3, 1953
Redistricted
New York's 28th January 3, 1953
January 3, 1963
Redistricted
New York's 27th January 3, 1963
January 3, 1965
Lost reelection
Rep. Bosone Bosone, RevaReva Bosone Democratic Utah's 2nd January 3, 1949
January 3, 1953
Lost reelection
Rep. Harden Harden, Cecil M.Cecil M. Harden Republican Indiana's 6th January 3, 1949
January 3, 1959
Lost reelection
Rep. Kelly Kelly, Edna F.Edna F. Kelly Democratic New York's 10th November 8, 1949
January 3, 1963
Residtricted
New York's 12th January 3, 1963
January 3, 1969
Lost renomination
Rep. Church Church, Marguerite S.Marguerite S. Church Republican Illinois's 13th January 3, 1951
January 3, 1963
Succeeded her husband
Retired
Rep. Thompson Thompson, RuthRuth Thompson Republican Michigan's 9th January 3, 1951
January 3, 1957
First woman to sit on the House Judiciary Committee
Lost renomination
Rep. Kee Kee, ElizabethElizabeth Kee Democratic West Virginia's 5th July 17, 1951
January 3, 1965
Succeeded her husband
Retired
Rep. Buchanan Buchanan, VeraVera Buchanan Democratic Pennsylvania's 33rd July 24, 1951
January 3, 1953
Succeeded her husband
Redistricted
Pennsylvania's 30th January 3, 1953
November 26, 1955
Died in office
Rep. Pfost Pfost, GracieGracie Pfost Democratic Idaho's 1st January 3, 1953
January 3, 1963
Retired to run unsuccessfully for the United States Senate
Rep. Sullivan Sullivan, LeonorLeonor Sullivan Democratic Missouri's 3rd January 3, 1953
January 3, 1977
Succeeded her husband (though not immediately)
First woman Chair of the House Fisheries Committee
Retired
Del. Farrington Farrington, Elizabeth P.Elizabeth P. Farrington Republican Hawaii's at-large July 31, 1954
January 3, 1957
Succeeded her husband
First woman territorial delegate
Lost reelection
Rep. Blitch Blitch, IrisIris Blitch Democratic Georgia's 8th January 3, 1955
January 3, 1963
Retired
Rep. Green Green, EdithEdith Green Democratic Oregon's 3rd January 3, 1955
December 31, 1974
Retired
Rep. Griffiths Griffiths, MarthaMartha Griffiths Democratic Michigan's 17th January 3, 1955
December 31, 1974
Retired
Later became Lieutenant Governor of Michigan
Rep. Knutson Knutson, CoyaCoya Knutson Democratic Minnesota's 9th January 3, 1955
January 3, 1959
Lost reelection
Rep. Granahan Granahan, Kathryn E.Kathryn E. Granahan Democratic Pennsylvania's 2nd November 6, 1956
January 3, 1963
Succeeded her husband
Retired
Later became Treasurer of the United States
Rep. Dwyer Dwyer, Florence P.Florence P. Dwyer Republican New Jersey's 6th January 3, 1957
January 3, 1967
Redistricted
New Jersey's 12th January 3, 1967
January 3, 1973
Retired
Rep. May May, CatherineCatherine May Republican Washington's 4th January 3, 1959
January 3, 1971
Lost reelection
Rep. Simpson Simpson, Edna O.Edna O. Simpson Republican Illinois's 20th January 3, 1959
January 3, 1961
Succeeded her husband
Retired
Rep. Weis Weis, Jessica M.Jessica M. Weis Republican New York's 38th January 3, 1959
January 3, 1963
Retired
Rep. Hansen Hansen, JuliaJulia Hansen Democratic Washington's 3rd November 8, 1960
December 31, 1974
Retired
Rep. Norrell Norrell, CatherineCatherine Norrell Democratic Arkansas's 6th April 19, 1961
January 3, 1963
Succeeded her husband
Retired
Rep. Reece Reece, LouiseLouise Reece Republican Tennessee's 1st May 16, 1961
January 3, 1963
Succeeded her husband
Daughter of Guy D. Goff
Retired
Rep. Riley Riley, CorinneCorinne Riley Democratic South Carolina's 2nd April 10, 1962
January 3, 1963
Succeeded her husband
Retired
Rep. Reid Reid, CharlotteCharlotte Reid Republican Illinois's 15th January 3, 1963
October 7, 1971
Succeeded her husband as nominee before election
Resigned to become a member of the Federal Communications Commission
Rep. Baker Baker, IreneIrene Baker Republican Tennessee's 2nd January 7, 1964
January 3, 1965
Succeeded her husband
Retired
Rep. Mink Mink, PatsyPatsy Mink Democratic Hawaii's at-large January 3, 1965
January 3, 1971
First woman of color elected
Redistricted
Hawaii's 2nd January 3, 1971
January 3, 1977
Ran for President of the United States in the Democratic Party presidential primaries, 1972 (Oregon only)
First Asian American woman to run for President
Retired to run unsuccessfully for the Democratic nomination for the United States Senate election in Hawaii, 1976
Later became Assistant Secretary of State for Oceans and International Environmental and Scientific Affairs
September 22, 1990
September 28, 2002
Died in office
Rep. Thomas Thomas, LeraLera Thomas Democratic Texas's 8th March 26, 1966
January 3, 1967
Succeeded her husband
Retired
Rep. Heckler Heckler, MargaretMargaret Heckler Republican Massachusetts's 10th January 3, 1967
January 3, 1983
Lost reelection
Later became United States Secretary of Health and Human Services and United States Ambassador to Ireland
Rep. Chisholm Chisholm, ShirleyShirley Chisholm Democratic New York's 12th January 3, 1969
January 3, 1983
First African American woman elected
Ran for President of the United States in the Democratic Party presidential primaries, 1972
Retired
Rep. Abzug Abzug, BellaBella Abzug Democratic New York's 19th January 3, 1971
January 3, 1973
Redistricted
New York's 20th January 3, 1973
January 3, 1977
Retired to run unsuccessfully for the Democratic nomination for the United States Senate election in New York, 1976
Rep. Grasso Grasso, Ella T.Ella T. Grasso Democratic Connecticut's 6th January 3, 1971
January 3, 1975
Previously served as Connecticut Secretary of State
Retired to run successfully for Governor of Connecticut
First female governor not a wife or widow of a previous governor
Rep. Hicks Hicks, LouiseLouise Hicks Democratic Massachusetts's 9th January 3, 1971
January 3, 1973
Lost reelection
Rep. Andrews Andrews, Elizabeth B.Elizabeth B. Andrews Democratic Alabama's 3rd April 4, 1972
January 3, 1973
Succeeded her husband
Retired
Rep. Braithwaite-Burke Burke, YvonneYvonne Burke Democratic California's 37th January 3, 1973
January 3, 1975
Redistricted
California's 28th January 3, 1975
January 3, 1979
Retired to run unsuccessfully for California Attorney General
Rep. Holt Holt, MarjorieMarjorie Holt Republican Maryland's 4th January 3, 1973
January 3, 1987
Retired
Rep. Holtzman Holtzman, ElizabethElizabeth Holtzman Democratic New York's 16th January 3, 1973
January 3, 1981
Retired to run unsuccessfully for the United States Senate election in New York, 1980
Rep. Jordan Jordan, BarbaraBarbara Jordan Democratic Texas's 18th January 3, 1973
January 3, 1979
Retired
Rep. Schroeder Schroeder, PatriciaPatricia Schroeder Democratic Colorado's 1st January 3, 1973
January 3, 1997
Retired
Rep. Boggs Boggs, LindyLindy Boggs Democratic Louisiana's 2nd March 20, 1973
January 3, 1991
Succeeded her husband
Retired
Later became United States Ambassador to the Holy See
Rep. Collins Collins, CardissCardiss Collins Democratic Illinois's 7th June 5, 1973
January 3, 1997
Succeeded her husband
Retired
Rep. Fenwick Fenwick, MillicentMillicent Fenwick Republican New Jersey's 5th January 3, 1975
January 3, 1983
Daughter of Ogden H. Hammond
Retired to run unsuccessfully for the United States Senate election in New Jersey, 1982
Later became United States Ambassador to the United Nations Agencies for Food and Agriculture
Rep. Keys Keys, MarthaMartha Keys Democratic Kansas's 2nd January 3, 1975
January 3, 1979
Lost reelection
Rep. Lloyd Lloyd, MarilynMarilyn Lloyd Democratic Tennessee's 3rd January 3, 1975
January 3, 1995
Succeeded her husband as nominee before election
Retired
Rep. Smith Smith, Virginia D.Virginia D. Smith Republican Nebraska's 3rd January 3, 1975
January 3, 1991
Retired
Rep. Spellman Spellman, GladysGladys Spellman Democratic Marylands's 5th January 3, 1975
January 3, 1981
After suffering a debilitating heart attack and slipping into a comatose state, her seat was declared vacant by the House
Rep. Stevenson-Meyner Stevenson-Meyner, HelenHelen Stevenson-Meyner Democratic New Jersey's 13th January 3, 1975
January 3, 1979
Lost reelection
Rep. Pettis Pettis, ShirleyShirley Pettis Republican California's 37th April 29, 1975
January 3, 1979
Succeeded her husband
Retired
Rep. Mikulski Mikulski, BarbaraBarbara Mikulski Democratic Maryland's 3rd January 3, 1977
January 3, 1987
Retired to run successfully for the United States Senate election in Maryland, 1986
Rep. Oakar Oakar, MaryMary Oakar Democratic Ohio's 20th January 3, 1977
January 3, 1993
Lost reelection
Rep. Byron Byron, BeverlyBeverly Byron Democratic Maryland's 6th January 3, 1979
January 3, 1993
Succeeded her husband
Lost renomination
Rep. Ferraro Ferraro, GeraldineGeraldine Ferraro Democratic New York's 9th January 3, 1979
January 3, 1985
Retired to run unsuccessfully for Vice President of the United States during the United States presidential election, 1984
First woman nominee representing a major party
Later became United States Ambassador to the United Nations Commission on Human Rights
Rep. Snowe Snowe, OlympiaOlympia Snowe Republican Maine's 2nd January 3, 1979
January 3, 1995
Retired to run successfully for the United States Senate election in Maine, 1994
Rep. Fiedler Fiedler, BobbiBobbi Fiedler Republican California's 21st January 3, 1981
January 3, 1987
Retired to run unsuccessfully for the Republican nomination for the United States Senate election in California, 1986
Rep. Morely-Martin Morley-Martin, LynnLynn Morley-Martin Republican Illinois's 16th January 3, 1981
January 3, 1991
Retired to run unsuccessfully for the United States Senate election in Illinois, 1990
Later became United States Secretary of Labor
Rep. Roukema Roukema, MargeMarge Roukema Republican New Jersey's 7th January 3, 1981
January 3, 1983
Redistricted
New Jersey's 5th January 3, 1983
January 3, 2003
Retired
Rep. Schneider Schneider, ClaudineClaudine Schneider Republican Rhode Island's 2nd January 3, 1981
January 3, 1991
Retired to run unsuccessfully for the United States Senate election in Rhode Island, 1990
Rep. Kennelly Kennelly, Barbara B.Barbara B. Kennelly Democratic Connecticut's 1st January 12, 1982
January 3, 1999
Previously served as Connecticut Secretary of State
Retired to run unsuccessfully for the Connecticut gubernatorial election, 1998
Rep. Spencer-Ashbrook Spencer-Ashbrook, JeanJean Spencer-Ashbrook Republican Ohio's 17th June 29, 1982
January 3, 1983
Succeeded her husband
Retired
Rep. Hall Hall, KatieKatie Hall Democratic Indiana's 1st November 2, 1982
January 3, 1985
Lost renomination
Rep. Boxer Boxer, BarbaraBarbara Boxer Democratic California's 6th January 3, 1983
January 3, 1993
Retired to run successfully for the United States Senate election in California, 1992
Rep. Johnson Johnson, NancyNancy Johnson Republican Connecticut's 6th January 3, 1983
January 3, 2003
Redistricted
Connecticut's 5th January 3, 2003
January 3, 2007
Lost reelection
Rep. Kaptur Kaptur, MarcyMarcy Kaptur Democratic Ohio's 9th January 3, 1983
present
Current dean of women in Congress
Rep. Vucanovich Vucanovich, BarbaraBarbara Vucanovich Republican Nevada's 2nd January 3, 1983
January 3, 1997
Retired
Rep. Burton Burton, SalaSala Burton Democratic California's 5th June 21, 1983
February 1, 1987
Succeeded her husband
Died in office
Rep. Delich-Bentley Delich-Bentley, HelenHelen Delich-Bentley Republican Maryland's 2nd January 3, 1985
January 3, 1995
Retired to run unsuccessfully for the Republican nomination for the Maryland gubernatorial election, 1994
Rep. Meyers Meyers, JanJan Meyers Republican Kansas's 3rd January 3, 1985
January 3, 1997
First woman Chair of the House Small Business Committee
Retired
Rep. Small-Long Small-Long, CatherineCatherine Small-Long Democratic Louisiana's 8th March 30, 1985
January 3, 1987
Succeeded her husband
Retired
Rep. Morella Morella, ConnieConnie Morella Republican Maryland's 8th January 3, 1987
January 3, 2003
Lost reelection
Later became United States Ambassador to the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development
Rep. Patterson Patterson, Liz J.Liz J. Patterson Democratic South Carolina's 4th January 3, 1987
January 3, 1993
Daughter of Olin D. Johnston
Lost reelection
Rep. Saiki Saiki, PatPat Saiki Republican Hawaii's 1st January 3, 1987
January 3, 1991
Retired to run unsuccessfully for the United States Senate special election in Hawaii, 1990
Later became Administrator of the Small Business Administration
Rep. Slaughter Slaughter, LouiseLouise Slaughter Democratic New York's 30th January 3, 1987
January 3, 1993
First woman Chair of the House Rules Committee
Redistricted
New York's 28th January 3, 1993
January 3, 2013
Redistricted
New York's 25th January 3, 2013
present
Rep. Pelosi Pelosi, NancyNancy Pelosi Democratic California's 5th June 2, 1987
January 3, 1993
Redistricted
California's 8th January 3, 1993
January 3, 2013
First woman party whip
First woman party leader
First woman Speaker of the United States House of Representatives
Redistricted
California's 12th January 3, 2013
present
Rep. Lowey Lowey, NitaNita Lowey Democratic New York's 20th January 3, 1989
January 3, 1993
Redistricted
New York's 18th January 3, 1993
January 3, 2013
Redistricted
New York's 17th January 3, 2013
present
Rep. Unsoeld Unsoeld, JoleneJolene Unsoeld Democratic Washington's 3rd January 3, 1989
January 3, 1995
Lost reelection
Rep. Long-Thompson Long-Thompson, JillJill Long-Thompson Democratic Indiana's 4th March 20, 1989
January 3, 1995
Lost reelection
Rep. Ros-Lehtinen Ros-Lehtinen, IleanaIleana Ros-Lehtinen Republican Florida's 18th August 29, 1989
January 3, 2013
First woman Chair of the House Foreign Affairs Committee
Redistricted
Florida's 27th January 3, 2013
present
Rep. Molinari Molinari, SusanSusan Molinari Republican New York's 14th March 20, 1990
January 3, 1993
Daughter of Guy Molinari
Redistricted
New York's 13th January 3, 1993
August 2, 1997
Resigned to become co-host of CBS This Morning
Rep. Collins Collins, Barbara-RoseBarbara-Rose Collins Democratic Michigan's 13th January 3, 1991
January 3, 1993
Redistricted
Michigan's 15th January 3, 1993
January 3, 1997
Lost renomination
Rep. DeLauro DeLauro, RosaRosa DeLauro Democratic Connecticut's 3rd January 3, 1991
present
Del. Holmes-Norton Holmes-Norton, EleanorEleanor Holmes-Norton Democratic DC at-large January 3, 1991
present
Rep. Horn Horn, JoanJoan Horn Democratic Missouri's 2nd January 3, 1991
January 3, 1993
Lost reelection
Rep. Waters Waters, MaxineMaxine Waters Democratic California's 29th January 3, 1991
January 3, 1993
Redistricted
California's 35th January 3, 1993
January 3, 2013
Redistricted
California's 43rd January 3, 2013
present
Rep. Clayton Clayton, Eva M.Eva M. Clayton Democratic North Carolina's 1st November 3, 1992
January 3, 2003
Retired
Rep. Brown Brown, CorrineCorrine Brown Democratic Florida's 3rd January 3, 1993
January 3, 2013
Redistricted
Florida's 5th January 3, 2013
January 3, 2017
Lost renomination
Rep. Byrne Byrne, Leslie L.Leslie L. Byrne Democratic Virginia's 11th January 3, 1993
January 3, 1995
Lost renomination
Rep. Cantwell Cantwell, MariaMaria Cantwell Democratic Washington's 1st January 3, 1993
January 3, 1995
Lost reelection
Later ran successfully for the United States Senate election in Washington, 2000
Rep. Danner Danner, PatPat Danner Democratic Missouri's 6th January 3, 1993
January 3, 2001
Retired
Rep. Dunn Dunn, JenniferJennifer Dunn Republican Washington's 8th January 3, 1993
January 3, 2005
Retired
Rep. English English, KaranKaran English Democratic Arizona's 6th January 3, 1993
January 3, 1995
Lost reelection
Rep. Eshoo Eshoo, AnnaAnna Eshoo Democratic California's 14th January 3, 1993
January 3, 2013
Redistricted
California's 18th January 3, 2013
present
Rep. Fowler Fowler, Tillie K.Tillie K. Fowler Republican Florida's 4th January 3, 1993
January 3, 2001
Retired
Rep. Furse Furse, ElizabethElizabeth Furse Democratic Oregon's 1st January 3, 1993
January 3, 1999
Retired
Rep. Harman Harman, JaneJane Harman Democratic California's 36th January 3, 1993
January 3, 1999
Retired to run unsuccessfully for the Democratic nomination for the California gubernatorial election, 1998
January 3, 2001
February 28, 2011
Resigned to become the Director, President, and Chief Executive Officer of the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars
Rep. Johnson Johnson, EddieEddie Johnson Democratic Texas's 30th January 3, 1993
present
Rep. Lincoln Lincoln, BlancheBlanche Lincoln Democratic Arkansas's 1st January 3, 1993
January 3, 1997
Retired
Later ran successfully for the United States Senate election in Arkansas, 1998
Rep. Maloney Carolyn Maloney Democratic New York's 14th January 3, 1993
January 3, 2013
Redistricted
New York's 12th January 3, 2013
present
Rep. Margolies-Mezvinsky Margolies, MarjorieMarjorie Margolies Democratic Pennsylvania's 13th January 3, 1993
January 3, 1995
Lost reelection
Rep. McKinney McKinney, CynthiaCynthia McKinney Democratic Georgia's 11th January 3, 1993
January 3, 1997
Redistricted
Georgia's 4th January 3, 1997
January 3, 2003
Lost renomination
January 3, 2005
January 3, 2007
Lost renomination
Ran for President of the United States as the nominee of the Green Party for the United States presidential election, 2008
Rep. Meek Meek, Carrie P.Carrie P. Meek Democratic Florida's 17th January 3, 1993
January 3, 2003
Retired
Rep. Pryce Pryce, DeborahDeborah Pryce Republican Ohio's 15th January 3, 1993
January 3, 2009
First woman Chair of the House Republican Conference
Retired
Rep. Roybal-Allard Roybal-Allard, LucilleLucille Roybal-Allard Democratic California's 33rd January 3, 1993
January 3, 2003
Daughter of Edward R. Roybal
Redistricted
California's 34th January 3, 2003
January 3, 2013
Redistricted
California's 40th January 3, 2013
present
Rep. Schenk Schenk, LynnLynn Schenk Democratic California's 49th January 3, 1993
January 3, 1995
Lost reelection
Rep. Shepherd Shepherd, KarenKaren Shepherd Democratic Utah's 2nd January 3, 1993
January 3, 1995
Lost reelection
Rep. Thurman Thurman, KarenKaren Thurman Democratic Florida's 5th January 3, 1993
January 3, 2003
Lost reelection
Rep. Velázquez Velázquez, NydiaNydia Velázquez Democratic New York's 12th January 3, 1993
January 3, 2013
Redistricted
New York's 7th January 3, 2013
present
Rep. Woolsey Woolsey, LynnLynn Woolsey Democratic California's 6th January 3, 1993
January 3, 2013
Retired
Rep. Chenoweth-Hage Chenoweth-Hage, HelenHelen Chenoweth-Hage Republican Idaho's 1st January 3, 1995
January 3, 2001
Retired
Rep. Cubin Cubin, BarbaraBarbara Cubin Republican Wyoming's at-large January 3, 1995
January 3, 2009
Retired
Enid G. Mickelsen.jpg Greene, EnidEnid Greene Republican Utah's 2nd January 3, 1995
January 3, 1997
Retired
Rep. Jackson-Lee Jackson-Lee, SheilaSheila Jackson-Lee Democratic Texas's 18th January 3, 1995
present
Rep. Kelly Kelly, SueSue Kelly Republican New York's 19th January 3, 1995
January 3, 2007
Lost reelection
Rep. Lofgren Lofgren, ZoeZoe Lofgren Democratic California's 16th January 3, 1995
January 3, 2013
Redistricted
California's 19th January 3, 2013
present
Rep. McCarthy McCarthy, KarenKaren McCarthy Democratic Missouri's 5th January 3, 1995
January 3, 2005
Retired
Rep. Myrick Myrick, SueSue Myrick Republican North Carolina's 9th January 3, 1995
January 3, 2013
Retired
Rep. Rivers Rivers, Lynn N.Lynn N. Rivers Democratic Michigan's 13th January 3, 1995
January 3, 2003
Lost renomination
Rep. Sestrand Seastrand, AndreaAndrea Seastrand Republican California's 22nd January 3, 1995
January 3, 1997
Lost reelection
Rep. Smith Smith, LindaLinda Smith Republican Washington's 3rd January 3, 1995
January 3, 1999
Retired to run unsuccessfully for the United States Senate election in Washington, 1998
Rep. Millender-McDonald Millender-McDonald, JuanitaJuanita Millender-McDonald Democratic California's 37th March 26, 1996
April 22, 2007
Died in office
Rep. Emerson Emerson, Jo AnnJo Ann Emerson Republican Missouri's 8th November 5, 1996
January 22, 2013
Succeeded her husband
Resigned to become the President and Chief Executive Officer of the National Rural Electric Cooperative Association
Rep. Carson Carson, JuliaJulia Carson Democratic Indiana's 10th January 3, 1997
January 3, 2003
Redistricted
Indiana's 7th January 3, 2003
December 15, 2007
Died in office
Rep. Cheeks-Kilpatrick Cheeks-Kilpatrick, CarolynCarolyn Cheeks-Kilpatrick Democratic Michigan's 15th January 3, 1997
January 3, 2003
Redistricted
Michigan's 13th January 3, 2003
January 3, 2011
Lost renomination
Del. Christian-Christensen Christian-Christensen, DonnaDonna Christian-Christensen Democratic U.S. Virgin Island's at-large January 3, 1997
January 3, 2015
Retired to run unsuccessfully for the United States Virgin Islands gubernatorial election, 2014
Rep. DeGette DeGette, DianaDiana DeGette Democratic Colorado's 1st January 3, 1997
present
Rep. Granger Granger, KayKay Granger Republican Texas's 12th January 3, 1997
present
Rep. Hooley Hooley, DarleneDarlene Hooley Democratic Oregon's 5th January 3, 1997
January 3, 2009
Retired
Rep. McCarthy McCarthy, CarolynCarolyn McCarthy Democratic New York's 4th January 3, 1997
January 3, 2015
Retired
Rep. Northup Northup, AnneAnne Northup Republican Kentucky's 3rd January 3, 1997
January 3, 2007
Lost reelection
Rep. Sanchez Sánchez, LorettaLoretta Sánchez Democratic California's 46th January 3, 1997
January 3, 2003
Redistricted
California's 47th January 3, 2003
January 3, 2013
Redistricted
California's 46th January 3, 2013
January 3, 2017
Retired to run unsuccessfully for the United States Senate election in California, 2016
Rep. Stabenow Stabenow, DebbieDebbie Stabenow Democratic Michigan's 8th January 3, 1997
January 3, 2001
Retired to run successfully for the United States Senate election in Michigan, 2000
Rep. Tauscher Tauscher, EllenEllen Tauscher Democratic California's 10th January 3, 1997
June 26, 2009
Resigned to become Under Secretary of State for Arms Control and International Security Affairs
Rep. Capps Capps, LoisLois Capps Democratic California's 22nd March 10, 1998
January 3, 2003
Succeeded her husband
California's 23rd January 3, 2003
January 3, 2013
Redistricted
California's 24th January 3, 2013
January 3, 2017
Retired
Rep. Bono Mack Bono, MaryMary Bono Republican California's 44th April 7, 1998
January 3, 2003
Succeeded her husband
Redistricted
California's 45th January 3, 2003
January 3, 2013
Lost reelection
Rep. Lee Lee, BarbaraBarbara Lee Democratic California's 9th April 7, 1998
January 3, 2013
Redistricted
California's 13th January 3, 2013
present
Rep. Wilson Wilson, HeatherHeather Wilson Republican New Mexico's 1st June 25, 1998
January 3, 2009
Retired to run unsuccessfully for the Republican nomination for the United States Senate election in New Mexico, 2008
Rep. Baldwin Baldwin, TammyTammy Baldwin Democratic Wisconsin's 2nd January 3, 1999
January 3, 2013
First person elected to Congress openly gay
Retired to run successfully for the United States Senate election in Wisconsin, 2012
Rep. Berkley Berkley, ShelleyShelley Berkley Democratic Nevada's 1st January 3, 1999
January 3, 2013
Retired to run unsuccessfully for the United States Senate election in Nevada, 2012
Rep. Biggert Biggert, JudyJudy Biggert Republican Illinois's 13th January 3, 1999
January 3, 2013
Lost reelection
Rep. Napolitano Napolitano, GraceGrace Napolitano Democratic California's 34th January 3, 1999
January 3, 2003
Redistricted
California's 38th January 3, 2003
January 3, 2013
Redistricted
California's 32nd January 3, 2013
present
Rep. Schakowsky Schakowsky, JanJan Schakowsky Democratic Illinois's 9th January 3, 1999
present
Rep. Tubbs-Jones Tubbs-Jones, StephanieStephanie Tubbs-Jones Democratic Ohio's 11th January 3, 1999
August 20, 2008
Died in office
Rep. Davis Davis, Jo AnnJo Ann Davis Republican Virginia's 1st January 3, 2001
October 6, 2007
Died in office
Rep. Davis Davis, SusanSusan Davis Democratic California's 49th January 3, 2001
January 3, 2003
Redistricted
California's 53rd January 3, 2003
present
Rep. Hart Hart, MelissaMelissa Hart Republican Pennsylvania's 4th January 3, 2001
January 3, 2007
Lost reelection
Rep. McCollum McCollum, BettyBetty McCollum Democratic Minnesota's 4th January 3, 2001
present
Rep. Moore-Capito Moore-Capito, ShelleyShelley Moore-Capito Republican West Virginia's 2nd January 3, 2001
January 3, 2015
Retired to run successfully for the United States Senate election in West Virginia, 2014
Rep. Solis Solis, HildaHilda Solis Democratic California's 31st January 3, 2001
January 3, 2003
Redistricted
California's 32nd January 3, 2003
February 24, 2009
Resigned to become United States Secretary of Labor
Rep. Watson Watson, DianeDiane Watson Democratic California's 32nd June 5, 2001
January 3, 2003
Previously served as United States Ambassador to Micronesia
Redistricted
California's 33rd January 3, 2003
January 3, 2011
Retired
Rep. Blackburn Blackburn, MarshaMarsha Blackburn Republican Tennessee's 7th January 3, 2003
present
Del. Bordallo Bordallo, MadeleineMadeleine Bordallo Democratic Guam's at-large January 3, 2003
present
Previously served as Lieutenant Governor of Guam
Rep. Brown-Waite Brown-Waite, GinnyGinny Brown-Waite Republican Florida's 5th January 3, 2003
January 3, 2011
Retired
Rep. Harris Harris, KatherineKatherine Harris Republican Florida's 13th January 3, 2003
January 3, 2007
Previously served as Florida Secretary of State
Retired to run unsuccessfully for the United States Senate election in Florida, 2006
Rep. Majette Majette, DeniseDenise Majette Democratic Georgia's 4th January 3, 2003
January 3, 2005
Retired to run unsuccessfully for the United States Senate election in Georgia, 2004
Rep. Miller Miller, CandiceCandice Miller Republican Michigan's 10th January 3, 2003
January 1, 2017
Previously served as Michigan Secretary of State
Retired to run successfully for Public Works Commissioner of Macomb County
Rep. Musgrave Musgrave, MarilynMarilyn Musgrave Republican Colorado's 4th January 3, 2003
January 3, 2009
Lost reelection
Rep. Sánchez Sánchez, LindaLinda Sánchez Democratic California's 39th January 3, 2003
January 3, 2013
Redistricted
California's 38th January 3, 2013
present
First woman of color in House leadership as Vice Chair of the Democratic Caucus
Rep. Herseth Sandlin Herseth-Sandlin, StephanieStephanie Herseth-Sandlin Democratic South Dakota's at-large June 1, 2004
January 3, 2011
Lost reelection
Rep. Bean Bean, MelissaMelissa Bean Democratic Illinois's 8th January 3, 2005
January 3, 2011
Lost reelection
Rep. Drake Drake, ThelmaThelma Drake Republican Virginia's 2nd January 3, 2005
January 3, 2009
Lost reelection
Rep. Foxx Foxx, VirginiaVirginia Foxx Republican North Carolina's 5th January 3, 2005
present
First woman Chair of the House Education Committee
Rep. McMorris Rodgers McMorris-Rodgers, CathyCathy McMorris-Rodgers Republican Washington's 5th January 3, 2005
present
Rep. Moore Moore, GwenGwen Moore Democratic Wisconsin's 4th January 3, 2005
present
Rep. Schwartz Schwartz, AllysonAllyson Schwartz Democratic Pennsylvania's 13th January 3, 2005
January 3, 2015
Retired to run unsuccessfully for the Democratic nomination for the Pennsylvania gubernatorial election, 2014
Rep. Wasserman-Schultz Wasserman-Schultz, DebbieDebbie Wasserman-Schultz Democratic Florida's 20th January 3, 2005
January 3, 2013
Concurrently served as Chair of the Democratic National Committee
Redistricted
Florida's 23rd January 3, 2013
present
Rep. Matsui Matsui, DorisDoris Matsui Democratic California's 5th March 3, 2005
January 3, 2013
Succeeded her husband
Redistricted
California's 6th January 3, 2013
present
Rep. Schmidt Schmidt, JeanJean Schmidt Republican Ohio's 2nd September 6, 2005
January 3, 2013
Lost renomination
Rep. Sekula-Gibbs Sekula-Gibbs, ShelleyShelley Sekula-Gibbs Republican Texas's 22nd November 13, 2006
January 3, 2007
Lost reelection
Rep. Bachmann Bachmann, MicheleMichele Bachmann Republican Minnesota 6th January 3, 2007
January 3, 2015
Ran for President of the United States in the Republican Party presidential primaries, 2012
Retired
Rep. Boyda Boyda, NancyNancy Boyda Democratic Kansas's 2nd January 3, 2007
January 3, 2009
Lost reelection
Rep. Castor Castor, KathyKathy Castor Democratic Florida's 11th January 3, 2007
January 3, 2013
Redistricted
Florida's 14th January 3, 2013
present
Rep. Clarke Clarke, YvetteYvette Clarke Democratic New York's 11th January 3, 2007
January 3, 2013
Redistricted
New York's 9th January 3, 2013
present
Rep. Fallin Fallin, MaryMary Fallin Republican Oklahoma 5th January 3, 2007
January 3, 2011
Previously served as Lieutenant Governor of Oklahoma
Retired to run successfully for the Oklahoma gubernatorial election, 2010
Rep. Giffords Giffords, GabrielleGabrielle Giffords Democratic Arizona's 8th January 3, 2007
January 25, 2012
Resigned due to the injuries of being shot in the head at close range during an assassination attempt during the 2011 Tucson shooting and survived
Rep. Gillibrand Gillibrand, KirstenKirsten Gillibrand Democratic New York's 20th January 3, 2007
January 25, 2009
Resigned to accept appointment to the United States Senate, ran successfully for the United States Senate special election in New York, 2010
Rep. Hirono Hirono, MazieMazie Hirono Democratic Hawaii's 2nd January 3, 2007
January 3, 2013
First Buddhist woman elected
Retired to run successfully for the United States Senate election in Hawaii, 2012
Rep. Richardson Richardson, LauraLaura Richardson Democratic California's 37th January 3, 2007
January 3, 2013
Lost reelection
Rep. Shea-Porter Shea-Porter, CarolCarol Shea-Porter Democratic New Hampshire's 1st January 3, 2007
January 3, 2011
Lost reelection
January 3, 2013
January 3, 2015
Lost reelection
January 3, 2017
present
Rep. Sutton Sutton, BettyBetty Sutton Democratic Ohio's 13th January 3, 2007
January 3, 2013
Lost reelection
Rep. Tsongas Tsongas, NikiNiki Tsongas Democratic Massachusetts's 5th October 16, 2007
January 3, 2013
Succeeded her husband (though not immediately)
Redistricted
Massachusetts's 3rd January 3, 2013
present
Rep. Speier Speier, JackieJackie Speier Democratic California's 12th April 8, 2008
January 3, 2013
Redistricted
California's 14th January 3, 2013
present
Rep. Edwards Edwards, DonnaDonna Edwards Democratic Maryland's 4th June 17, 2008
January 3, 2017
Retired to run unsuccessfully for the Democratic nomination for the United States Senate election in Maryland, 2016
Rep. Fudge Fudge, MarciaMarcia Fudge Democratic Ohio's 11th November 18, 2008
present
Rep. Dahlkemper Dahlkemper, KathyKathy Dahlkemper Democratic Pennsylvania's 3rd January 3, 2009
January 3, 2011
Lost reelection
Rep. Halvorson Halvorson, DebbieDebbie Halvorson Democratic Illinois's 11th January 3, 2009
January 3, 2011
Lost reelection
Rep. Jenkins Jenkins, LynnLynn Jenkins Republican Kansas's 2nd January 3, 2009
present
Previously served as Kansas Treasurer
Rep. Kilroy Kilroy, Mary JoMary Jo Kilroy Democratic Ohio's 15th January 3, 2009
January 3, 2011
Lost reelection
Rep. Kirkpatrick Kirkpatrick, AnnAnn Kirkpatrick Democratic Arizona's 1st January 3, 2009
January 3, 2011
Lost reelection
January 3, 2013
January 3, 2017
Retired to run unsuccessfully for the United States Senate election in Arizona, 2016
Rep. Kosmas Kosmas, SuzanneSuzanne Kosmas Democratic Florida's 24th January 3, 2009
January 3, 2011
Lost reelection
Rep. Lummis Lummis, CynthiaCynthia Lummis Republican Wyoming's at-large January 3, 2009
January 3, 2017
Previously served as Wyoming Treasurer
Retired
Rep. Markey Markey, BetsyBetsy Markey Democratic Colorado's 4th January 3, 2009
January 3, 2011
Lost reelection
Rep. Pingree Pingree, ChellieChellie Pingree Democratic Maine's 1st January 3, 2009
present
Rep. Titus Titus, DinaDina Titus Democratic Nevada's 3rd January 3, 2009
January 3, 2011
Lost reelection
Nevada's 1st January 3, 2013
present
Rep. Chu Chu, JudyJudy Chu Democratic California's 32nd June 19, 2009
January 3, 2013
First Chinese American woman elected
Redistricted
California's 27th January 3, 2013
present
Rep. Adams Adams, SandySandy Adams Republican Florida's 24th January 3, 2011
January 3, 2013
Lost renomination
Rep. Bass Bass, KarenKaren Bass Democratic California's 33rd January 3, 2011
January 3, 2013
Redistricted
California's 37th January 3, 2013
present
Rep. Black Black, DianeDiane Black Republican Tennessee's 6th January 3, 2011
present
Rep. Buerkle Buerkle, Ann MarieAnn Marie Buerkle Republican New York's 25th January 3, 2011
January 3, 2013
Lost reelection
Rep. Ellmers Ellmers, ReneeRenee Ellmers Republican North Carolina's 2nd January 3, 2011
January 3, 2017
Lost renomination
Rep. Hanabusa Hanabusa, ColleenColleen Hanabusa Democratic Hawaii's 1st January 3, 2011
January 3, 2015
Retired to run unsuccessfully for the Democratic nomination for the United States Senate special election in Hawaii, 2014
November 14, 2016
present
Rep. Hartzler Hartzler, VickyVicky Hartzler Republican Missouri's 4th January 3, 2011
present
Rep. Hayworth Hayworth, NanNan Hayworth Republican New York's 19th January 3, 2011
January 3, 2013
Lost reelection
Rep. Herrera Beutler Herrera-Beutler, JaimeJaime Herrera-Beutler Republican Washington's 3rd January 3, 2011
present
Rep. Noem Noem, KristiKristi Noem Republican South Dakota's at-large January 3, 2011
present
Rep. Roby Roby, MarthaMartha Roby Republican Alabama's 2nd January 3, 2011
present
Rep. Sewell Sewell, TerriTerri Sewell Democratic Alabama's 7th January 3, 2011
present
Rep. Wilson Wilson, FredericaFrederica Wilson Democratic Florida's 17th January 3, 2011
January 3, 2013
Redistricted
Florida's 24th January 3, 2013
present
Rep. Hochul Hochul, KathyKathy Hochul Democratic New York's 26th June 1, 2011
January 3, 2013
Lost reelection
Later became Lieutenant Governor of New York
Rep. Hahn Hahn, JaniceJanice Hahn Democratic California's 36th July 12, 2011
January 3, 2013
Redistricted
California's 44th January 3, 2013
December 4, 2016
Retired to run successfully for Los Angeles County Board of Supervisors
Rep. Bonamici Bonamici, SuzanneSuzanne Bonamici Democratic Oregon's 1st January 21, 2012
present
Rep. DelBene DelBene, SuzanSuzan DelBene Democratic Washington's 1st November 6, 2012
present
Rep. Beatty Beatty, JoyceJoyce Beatty Democratic Ohio's 3rd January 3, 2013
present
Rep. Brooks Brooks, SusanSusan Brooks Republican Indiana's 5th January 3, 2013
present
Previously served as United States Attorney for the Southern District of Indiana
Rep. Brownley Brownley, JuliaJulia Brownley Democratic California's 26th January 3, 2013
present
Rep. Bustos Bustos, CheriCheri Bustos Democratic Illinois's 17th January 3, 2013
present
Rep. Duckworth Duckworth, TammyTammy Duckworth Democratic Illinois's 8th January 3, 2013
January 3, 2017
Previously served as Assistant Secretary of Veterans Affairs for Public and Intergovernmental Affairs
Retired to run successfully for the United States Senate election in Illinois, 2016
Rep. Esty Esty, ElizabethElizabeth Esty Democratic Connecticut's 5th January 3, 2013
present
Rep. Frankel Frankel, LoisLois Frankel Democratic Florida's 22nd January 3, 2013
present
Rep. Gabbard Gabbard, TulsiTulsi Gabbard Democratic Hawaii's 2nd January 3, 2013
present
First Hindu elected to Congress
Rep. Lujan Grisham Lujan-Grisham, MichelleMichelle Lujan-Grisham Democratic New Mexico's 1st January 3, 2013
present
Rep. Kuster McLane-Kuster, AnnAnn McLane-Kuster Democratic New Hampshire's 2nd January 3, 2013
present
Rep. Meng Meng, GraceGrace Meng Democratic New York's 6th January 3, 2013
present
Rep. Negrete McLeod Negrete-McLeod, GloriaGloria Negrete-McLeod Democratic California's 35th January 3, 2013
January 3, 2015
Retired to run unsuccessfully for San Bernardino County Board of Supervisors
Rep. Sinema Sinema, KyrstenKyrsten Sinema Democratic Arizona's 9th January 3, 2013
present
First openly bisexual woman elected
Rep. Wagner Wagner, AnnAnn Wagner Republican Missouri's 2nd January 3, 2013
present
Previously served as United States Ambassador to Luxembourg
Rep. Walorski Walorski, JackieJackie Walorski Republican Indiana's 2nd January 3, 2013
present
Rep. Kelly Kelly, RobinRobin Kelly Democratic Illinois's 2nd April 11, 2013
present
Rep. Clark Clark, KatherineKatherine Clark Democratic Massachusetts's 5th December 10, 2013
present
Rep. Adams Adams, AlmaAlma Adams Democratic North Carolina's 12th November 12, 2014
present
Rep. Comstock Comstock, BarbaraBarbara Comstock Republican Virginia's 10th January 3, 2015
present
Rep. Dingell Dingell, DebbieDebbie Dingell Democratic Michigan's 12th January 3, 2015
present
Succeeded her husband
Rep. Graham Graham, GwenGwen Graham Democratic Florida's 2nd January 3, 2015
January 3, 2017
Daughter of Bob Graham
Retired
Rep. Lawrence Lawrence, BrendaBrenda Lawrence Democratic Michigan's 14th January 3, 2015
present
Rep. Love Love, MiaMia Love Republican Utah's 4th January 3, 2015
present
Rep. McSally McSally, MarthaMartha McSally Republican Arizona's 2nd January 3, 2015
present
Del. Plaskett Plaskett, StaceyStacey Plaskett Democratic U.S. Virgin Island's at-large January 3, 2015
present
Del. Radewagen Radewagen, AmataAmata Radewagen Republican American Samoa's at-large January 3, 2015
present
Daughter of Peter Tali Coleman
Rep. Rice Rice, KathleenKathleen Rice Democratic New York's 4th January 3, 2015
present
Rep. Stefanik Stefanik, EliseElise Stefanik Republican New York's 21st January 3, 2015
present
Youngest woman elected to Congress (at age 30)
Rep. Torres Torres, NormaNorma Torres Democratic California's 35th January 3, 2015
present
Rep. Walters Walters, MimiMimi Walters Republican California's 45th January 3, 2015
present
Rep. Watson-Coleman Watson-Coleman, BonnieBonnie Watson-Coleman Democratic New Jersey's 12th January 3, 2015
present
Rep. Barragán Barragán, NanetteNanette Barragán Democratic California's 44th January 3, 2017
present
Rep. Rochester Blunt-Rochester, LisaLisa Blunt-Rochester Democratic Delaware at-large January 3, 2017
present
Rep. Cheney Cheney, LizLiz Cheney Republican Wyoming's at-large January 3, 2017
present
Daughter of Dick Cheney
Rep. Demings Demings, ValVal Demings Democratic Florida's 10th January 3, 2017
present
No image.svg González, JennifferJenniffer González Republican Puerto Rico's at-large January 3, 2017
present
Rep. Jayapal Jayapal, PramilaPramila Jayapal Democratic Washington's 7th January 3, 2017
present
First Indian American woman elected
Rep. Murphy Murphy, StephanieStephanie Murphy Democratic Florida's 7th January 3, 2017
present
First Vietnamese American woman elected
Rep. Rosen Rosen, JackyJacky Rosen Democratic Nevada's 3rd January 3, 2017
present
Rep. Tenney Tenney, ClaudiaClaudia Tenney Republican New York's 22nd January 3, 2017
present

Pregnancies[edit]

There have been ten women members of the House of Representatives who were pregnant at least once during their tenure (one member three times). They are[3]

Congresswoman State Date of delivery Mother's age Notes
Yvonne Brathwaite Burke California November 1973 41 The daughter, Autumn Burke, became notable in her own right.
Enid Greene Waldholtz Utah August 1995 37 [4]
Susan Molinari New York May 10, 1996 38 [5]
Blanche Lincoln Arkansas June 1996 35 Had twin boys. Chose not to run for re-election due to the pregnancy[6]
Cathy McMorris Rodgers Washington April 29, 2007 37 [7]
Kirsten Gillibrand New York May 15, 2008 41 [8]
Stephanie Herseth Sandlin South Dakota December 15, 2008 38 [9]
Linda Sánchez California May 13, 2009 40 [citation needed]
Cathy McMorris Rodgers Washington December 2010 41 First member to give birth in office twice[10]
Jaime Herrera Beutler Washington July 15, 2013 34 [11]
Cathy McMorris Rodgers Washington November 24, 2013 44 First member to give birth in office three times[12]
Tammy Duckworth Illinois November 18, 2014 46 [13]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Current Numbers of Women Officeholders". Rutgers Center for American Women and Politics - Eagleton Institute of Politics. Retrieved 2014-11-23. 
  2. ^ Women in the United States Congress: 1917-2011
  3. ^ Akers, Mary Ann (November 20, 2008). "Rep. Linda Sanchez Expecting a Baby". Washington Post. 
  4. ^ "Enid Greene Waldholtz". womenincongress.house.gov. 
  5. ^ "Susan Molinari". womenincongress.house.gov. 
  6. ^ Geranios, Nicholas K. (April 21, 2007). "Baby in the House: Pregnant congresswoman due to give birth next month". San Diego Union Tribune. Associated Press. 
  7. ^ "It's A Boy". Spokesman Review. April 30, 2007. 
  8. ^ "Son Born to New York Congresswoman". New York Times. Associated Press. May 16, 2008. 
  9. ^ Woster, Kevin (December 16, 2008). "Something we can all agree on: Congratulations!". Rapid City Journal. 
  10. ^ Barone, Michael; Chuck McCutcheon (2011). "Washington/Fifth District". The Almanac of American Politics (2012 ed.). University of Chicago Press, National Journal Group, Inc. pp. 1716–1718. ISBN 978-0-226-03808-7. 
  11. ^ "Republican Rep. Jaime Herrera Beutler celebrates 'miracle' baby girl born with Potter's sequence". New York Daily News. July 29, 2013. 
  12. ^ Korte, Gregory (2013-11-25). "Rep sets congressional record -- mom x 3". USA Today. Retrieved 2014-11-23. 
  13. ^ Skiba, Katherine (November 20, 2014). "Rep. Tammy Duckworth gives birth to daughter". Chicago Tribune. 

External links[edit]