Emmanuel Blayo Wakhweya

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Emmanuel Bwayo Wakhweya
Born25 December 1936
Butiru, Mbale, Uganda
Died11 November 2001(2001-11-11) (aged 64)
NationalityUgandan
OccupationGovernment Official, Economist
Spouse(s)Christine Namataka
ChildrenOne Daughter, Six Sons

Emmanuel Bwayo Wakhweya (25 December 1936 – 11 November 2001) was an Ugandan politician and economist. He was the Ugandan Minister of Finance under Idi Amin from 1971 until his high profile defection in London in 1975.[1]

Early life and education[edit]

Early life[edit]

Emmanuel Bwayo Wakhweya was born in the village of Butiru in the Mbale District of Uganda on the 25th of December 1936.[2] Wakhweya was of Bugisu ethnicity.[3]

Education[edit]

Wakhweya began his education at the Bunyinza Primary School, which he graduated from in 1949.[2] He then attended St. Peter's College in Tororo, Uganda, an all boys boarding school that Wakhweya graduated from in 1956.[2] Wakhweya obtained a Bachelor's Degree from Delhi University in New Delhi, India in 1960. He came home to marry his childhood sweetheart, Christine Namataka In 1961.

Career[edit]

After finishing his Bachelor’s Degree with Honors at New Delhi University in India, Wakhweya returned home to became one of the first Ugandan district administrative officer on 5 September 1960 during the British colonial administration.[4] Upon Ugandan Independence from the United Kingdom, Wakhweya became the Assistant Secretary to the Treasury in the Milton Obote administration.[4] This began a rapid career rise for Wakhweya in the Ugandan Treasury. He was promoted to Under-Secretary to the Treasury on the 4th of November, 1965, Deputy Governor Designate of the Bank of Uganda in 1968, and finally appointed as the Minister of Treasury on 1 January 1969.[2] Following the successful 1971 Ugandan coup d'état led by Idi Amin, Wakhweya was named Minister of Finance by Idi Amin for the newly formed administration, where Wakhweya was tasked with stabilizing the Economy of Uganda, which was rapidly deteriorating because of high state spending, a post-coup flight of foreign capital, and a lack of new investment from abroad.

Defection[edit]

During a visit in early January 1975, Minister Wakhweya defected in London on 20 January 1975.[5] Wakhweya denounced Idi Amin and cited the chaos in the Idi Amin administration as having a negative effect on the economy[5] and the lack of any ability to succeed as a finance minister in Idi Amin's one-man government.[6] He was quoted as saying "It's hell to be in Uganda. I can't imagine how the ordinary people are still able to carry on because of the shortages of the simplest essentials of life and the soaring cost of living. Uganda is facing economic catastrophe. Either the economic forces will compel Amin to change his policies or there will be an explosion in the country because of popular discontent."[7] Wakhweya later sent a telegram to Idi Amin at the end of the week officially announcing his resignation and exile from Uganda.[7] At the time of his defection, Wakhweya was the longest serving cabinet minister in the Idi Amin administration and the last remaining member of Amin's original cabinet.[6]

Upon his defection from Uganda and Idi Amin's government, Wakhweya and his claims of Ugandan economic instability were denounced in Uganda. Uganda Radio went on air announcing Wakhweya's defection by broadcasting, "Uganda's economy is much better than that of many other countries. His flight to London will not help him at all since Britain is also in economic chaos".[7] On January 23, 1975, three days after the defection of Wakhweya in London, Idi Amin claimed that he would visit the United Kingdom to help the people of Wales, Scotland, and Northern Ireland seek self-determination, although like his threats to attend the Commonwealth Heads of Government Meeting 1973 in Ottawa, Canada or to attend the Wedding of Princess Anne and Mark Phillips, these threats failed to materialize.[8]

Wakhweya was succeeded as Finance Minister by Moses Ali.[1] According to Amnesty International, relatives of Wakhweya still in Uganda were imprisoned, tortured, and killed following his flight and defection, in a similar manner to the torture and murder of relatives of Joshua Wanume Kibedi following his defection and denunciation of Idi Amin the year before.[9]

Post-defection career[edit]

Following his defection in London, Wakhweya began a life in exile in the United States.[2] He started his US career at the World Bank and lived in Vienna,Virginia. He served as a senior economist at the World Bank from 1975 to 1977 and Chief Loan Officer on Sudan from 1977 to 1978.[2] Following his career at the World Bank, Wakhweya was appointed to be a senior economic affairs officer for the United Nations Economic Commission for Africa in 1975 and moved to Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, before his eventual return to Uganda where he served in various public service posts until his retirement.[10]

Personal life[edit]

Wakhweya married Christine Namataka on 11 March 1961. They had one daughter, Dr. Angela Maria Wakhweya, and six sons together, Anthony, Richard, Stephen, Andrew, David and Emmanuel Junior.[2] Wakhweya was a devoted Roman Catholic throughout his life, his wife more so.[3] Wakhweya was also an avid sportsman, playing football and lawn tennis late into his life.[4]

Death[edit]

Emmanuel Wakhweya died at the age of 64 on 11 November 2001. He suffered a debilitating stroke that left him paralyzed and unable to speak in early 2001. He eventually succumbed to cardiac arrest, at Kampala International Hospital in Kampala, Uganda. Wakhweya is buried in Bunyinza Parish in his home village of Butiru, Mbale District, Uganda.[11]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Uganda Minister Named". The New York Times. July 21, 1976. Archived from the original on December 3, 2018. Retrieved October 14, 2018.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g "Africa Who's Who". Africa Who's Who. 1981. ISSN 0261-1570. OCLC 231044235.
  3. ^ a b "Uganda Cabinets Since Independence". Ugandans At Heart. 2009-09-05. Archived from the original on March 12, 2011. Retrieved 2018-10-22.
  4. ^ a b c Dickie, John (1973). Who's who in Africa; the political, military and business leaders of Africa. Rake, Alan. London: African Development. ISBN 0950275506. OCLC 815829.
  5. ^ a b "Uganda's Fourth Year Under Idi Amin Filled With Fear". Jet Magazinge. Feb 13, 1975. Archived from the original on December 3, 2018. Retrieved December 3, 2018.
  6. ^ a b African Policy Information Center of the African-American Institute (1975). "African Update: Monitoring economic and political developments around the Continent". Africa Report. 20: 19 – via Proquest.
  7. ^ a b c "Economy of Uganda 'is near collapse'". Rand Daily Mail. January 21, 1975. Retrieved October 23, 2018.
  8. ^ "I'm on the way to the UK, Amin tells the Queen". Rand Daily Mail. January 24, 1975. Retrieved October 24, 2018.
  9. ^ Amnesty International Report (26 September 1979). "The Death Penalty" (PDF). Amnesty International Report.
  10. ^ Walker, Patrick (2009). Towards Independence in Africa: a District Officer in Uganda at the End of Empire. London: I.B. Tauris & Co. ISBN 9780857717443.
  11. ^ "Wakhweya". New Vision. Kampala, Uganda: New Vision. 2001-11-14. Archived from the original on December 3, 2011. Retrieved 2018-10-14.