Emmanuel Blayo Wakhweya
|Born||25 December 1936|
|Died||November 11, 2001 (aged 64)|
|Occupation||Government Official, Economist|
|Children||Two Daughters, Nine Sons|
Emmanuel Blayo Wakhweya (25 December 1936 – 11 November 2001) was an Ugandan politician and economist. He was the Ugandan Minister of Finance under Idi Amin from 1971 until his high profile defection in London in 1975.
Early life and education
Wakhweya began his education at the Butiru Primary School, which he graduated from in 1949. He then attended St. Peter's College in Tororo, Uganda, an all boys boarding school that Wakhweya graduated from in 1956. Wakhweya obtained a Bachelor's Degree from Delhi University in New Delhi, India in 1960 and a Master's Degree from Makerere University in Kampala, Uganda in 1961.
After finishing his Master's Degree at Makerere University, Wakhweya became a district administrative officer in Uganda on 5 September 1960 during the British colonial administration. Upon Ugandan Independence from the United Kingdom, Wakhweya became the Assistant Secretary to the Treasury in the Milton Obote administration. This began a rapid career rise for Wakhweya in the Ugandan Treasury. He was promoted to Under-Secretary to the Treasury on the 4th of November, 1965, Deputy Governor Designate of the Bank of Uganda in 1968, and finally appointed as the Minister of Treasury on the 1st of January, 1969. Following the successful 1971 Ugandan coup d'état led by Idi Amin, Wakhweya was named Minister of Finance by Idi Amin for the newly formed administration, where Wakhweya was tasked with stabilizing the Economy of Uganda, which was rapidly deteriorating because of high state spending, a post-coup flight of foreign capital, and a lack of new investment from abroad.
During a visit in early January 1975, Minister Wakhweya defected in London on 20 January 1975. Wakhweya denounced Idi Amin and cited the chaos in the Idi Amin administration as having a negative effect on the economy and the lack of any ability to succeed as a finance minister in Idi Amin's one-man government. He was quoted as saying "It's hell to be in Uganda. I can't imagine how the ordinary people are still able to carry on because of the shortages of the simplest essentials of life and the soaring cost of living. Uganda is facing economic catastrophe. Either the economic forces will compel Amin to change his policies or there will be an explosion in the country because of popular discontent." Wakhweya later sent a telegram to Idi Amin at the end of the week officially announcing his resignation and exile from Uganda. At the time of his defection, Wakhweya was the longest serving cabinet minister in the Idi Amin administration and the last remaining member of Amin's original cabinet.
Upon his defection from Uganda and Idi Amin's government, Wakhweya and his claims of Ugandan economic instability were denounced in Uganda. Uganda Radio went on air announcing Wakhweya's defection by broadcasting, "Uganda's economy is much better than that of many other countries. His flight to London will not help him at all since Britain is also in economic chaos". On January 23, 1975, three days after the defection of Wakhweya in London, Idi Amin claimed that he would visit the United Kingdom to help the people of Wales, Scotland, and Northern Ireland seek self-determination, although like his threats to attend the Commonwealth Heads of Government Meeting 1973 in Ottawa, Canada or to attend the Wedding of Princess Anne and Mark Phillips, these threats failed to materialize.
Wakhweya was succeeded as Finance Minister by Moses Ali. According to Amnesty International, relatives of Wakhweya still in Uganda were imprisoned, tortured, and killed following his flight and defection, in a similar manner to the torture and murder of relatives of Joshua Wanume Kibedi following his defection and denunciation of Idi Amin the year before.
Following his defection in London, Wakhweya began a life in exile in the United States. He started his US career at the World Bank and lived in the District of Columbia. He served as a senior economist at the World Bank from 1975 to 1977 and Chief Loan Officer on Sudan from 1977 to 1978. Following his career at the World Bank, Wakhweya was appointed to be a senior economic affairs officer for the United Nations Economic Commission for Africa in 1975 and moved to Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, before his eventual return to Uganda in retirement.
Wakhweya married Christine Namataka on 11 March 1961. They had two daughters and nine sons together. Wakhweya was a Protestant throughout his life. Wakhweya was also an avid sportsman, playing football and lawn tennis late into his life.
Emmanuel Wakhweya died at the age of 64 on the 11th of November, 2001. He died of cardiac arrest, at Kampala International Hospital in Kampala, Uganda. Wakhweya is buried in the Bunyinza Parish of his home village of Butiru, Mbale District, Uganda.
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- African Policy Information Center of the African-American Institute (1975). "African Update: Monitoring economic and political developments around the Continent". Africa Report. 20: 19 – via Proquest.
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- Amnesty International Report (26 September 1979). "The Death Penalty" (PDF). Amnesty International Report.
- Walker, Patrick (2009). Towards Independence in Africa: a District Officer in Uganda at the End of Empire. London: I.B. Tauris & Co. ISBN 9780857717443.
- "Wakhweya". New Vision. Kampala, Uganda: New Vision. 2001-11-14. Archived from the original on December 3, 2011. Retrieved 2018-10-14.