SS Empire Capulet

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Career
Name: Empire Capulet (1943-46)
Hesione (1946-60)
Owner: Ministry of War Transport (1944-46)
British & South American Steam Navigation Co Ltd (1946-60)
Operator: A Holt & Co Ltd (1943-44)
Glen Line Ltd (1944-45)
British & South American Steam Navigation Co Ltd (1945-46)
Houston Line (London) Ltd (1946-60)
Port of registry: United Kingdom South Shields (1944-46)
United Kingdom London (1946-60)
Builder: John Readhead & Sons Ltd
Yard number: 532
Launched: 20 January 1943
Completed: March 1943
Identification: Code Letters BFGB
ICS Bravo.svgICS Foxtrot.svgICS Golf.svgICS Bravo.svg
United Kingdom Official Number 169050
Fate: Scrapped 1960.
General characteristics
Tonnage: 7,044 GRT
4,869 NRT
10,300 DWT
Length: 430 ft 9 in (131.29 m)
Beam: 56 ft 2 in (17.12 m)
Depth: 35 ft 2 in (10.72 m)
Installed power: Triple expansion steam engine
Propulsion: Screw propellor
Speed: 9 knots (17 km/h)

Empire Capulet was a 7,044 GRT cargo ship which was built in 1943 for the Ministry of War Transport (MoWT). In 1946 she was sold and renamed Hesione. She served until 1960 when she was scrapped.

Description[edit]

The ship was built by John Readhead & Sons Ltd, South Shields,[1] as yard number 532.[2] She was launched on 20 January 1943 and completed in March.[1]

The ship was 430 feet 9 inches (131.29 m) long, with a beam of 56 feet 2 inches (17.12 m) and a depth of 35 feet 2 inches (10.72 m). Her GRT was 7,044, with a NRT of 4,869.[3] Her DWT was 10,300.[2]

She was propelled by a triple expansion steam engine, which had cylinders of 24 12 inches (62 cm), 39 inches (99 cm) and 70 inches (180 cm) diameter and 48 inches (120 cm) stroke.[3] The ship could make 9 knots (17 km/h).[4]

History[edit]

Empire Canpulet was built for the MoWT. She was initially placed under the management of A Holt & Co. The Official Number 169050 and Code Letters BFGB were allocated and her port of registry was South Shields.[3] Management was soon transferred to Glen Line Ltd.[5]

Empire Capulet was a member of a number of convoys during the Second World War.

MKS 26

Convoy MKS 26 departed Alexandria, Egypt on 24 September 1943 and arrived at Liverpool on 17 October. Empire Capulet left the convoy at Malta.[6]

MKS 37

Convoy MKS 37 departed Port Said, Egypt on 10 January 1944 and arrived at the Clyde on 3 February. Empire Capulet joined the convoy at Alexandria, Egypt and left it at Augusta, Italy.[7]

In the immediate aftermath of the Allied Invasion of Normandy, Empire Capulet was pressed into service as a troopship. She embarked troops from the 53rd (Worcestershire Yeomanry) Airlanding Light Regiment, Royal Artillery at Newhaven, East Sussex on 9 and 10 June 1944, and sailed to an assembly area off Southend on Sea, Essex, from where the convoy which had assembled sailed on 12 June. Empire Capulet anchored off Luc-sur-Mer, Calvados on 13 June to unload her cargo. At 23:30, she was attacked by enemy aircraft which dropped anti-personnel bombs, setting fire a raft alongside Empire Capulet which had been loaded with two lorries and a motorcycle. The raft was set adrift and allowed to burn itself out. Sixteen casualties were sustained on board Empire Capulet. Unloading of Empire Capulet was completed at 03:30 onn 14 June.[4]

On 7 August 1944, Empire Capulet departed Newport, Monmouthshire on a voyage that was to last for two years and two months. She arrived at Liverpool on 3 October 1946, having visited Canada, the United States, the Mediterranean, India, Japan and South Africa.[8]

In 1946, Empire Capulet was sold to the British & South American Steam Navigation Co Ltd and was renamed Hesione,[1] the third ship to carry that name.[9] She was operated under the management of Houston Line (London) Ltd. Hesione served until 1960. She arrived on 5 October 1960 at Hong Kong for scrapping.[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Mitchell, W H, and Sawyer, L A (1995). The Empire Ships. London, New York, Hamburg, Hong Kong: Lloyd's of London Press Ltd. ISBN 1-85044-275-4. 
  2. ^ a b "John Readhead's Shipyard - 1909 to 1968". John Bage. Retrieved 7 March 2010. 
  3. ^ a b c "LLOYD'S REGISTER, STEAMERS & MOTORSHIPS" (PDF). Plimsoll Ship Data. Retrieved 7 March 2010. 
  4. ^ a b "53rd (Worcestershire Yeomany) Airlanding Light Regiment, RA". Pegasus Archive. Retrieved 7 March 2010. 
  5. ^ "LLOYD'S REGISTER, STEAMERS & MOTORSHIPS" (PDF). Plimsoll Ship Data. Retrieved 7 March 2010. 
  6. ^ "CONVOY MKS 26". Warsailors. Retrieved 7 March 2010. 
  7. ^ "CONVOY MKS 37". Warsailors. Retrieved 7 March 2010. 
  8. ^ Ferguson, Hugh (28 December 2005). "Last Wartime Voyage of EMPIRE CAPULET". BBC. Retrieved 7 March 2010. 
  9. ^ "R.P. Houston & Company / Houston Line". The Ships List. Retrieved 7 March 2010.