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|• President of the Departmental Council||Jean-Léonce Dupont (New Centre)|
|• Total||5,535 km2 (2,137 sq mi)|
|• Density||130/km2 (330/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+1 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+2 (CEST)|
|^1 French Land Register data, which exclude estuaries, and lakes, ponds, and glaciers larger than 1 km2|
Calvados (UK: //, US: /- , -/,, French: [kalvados] (listen))[needs Norman IPA] is a department in the Normandy region in northwestern France. It takes its name from a cluster of rocks off the English Channel coast. In 2019, it had a population of 694,905.
Calvados is one of the original 83 departments created during the French Revolution on 4 March 1790, in application of the law of 22 December 1789. It had been part of the former province of Normandy. The name "Orne-Inférieure" was originally proposed, but it was ultimately called Calvados after a group of rocks off its coast.
One popular legend ascribes its etymology to the Salvador, a ship from the Spanish Armada that sank by the rocks near Arromanches-les-bains in 1588. It is more likely, however, that the name Calvados was derived from calva dorsa, meaning bare backs, in reference to two sparsely vegetated rocks off its shore.
Calvados belongs to the region of Normandy and borders the departments of Seine-Maritime (maritime border), Eure, Orne and Manche. To the north is the Baie de la Seine, part of the English Channel. On the east, the river Seine forms the boundary with Seine-Maritime. Calvados includes the Bessin area, the Pays d'Auge and the area known as the "Suisse normande" ("Norman Switzerland").
The President of the Departmental Council is the centrist Jean-Léonce Dupont, the former dominant figure of the right and centre in the department. The Conseil General of Calvados and Devon County Council signed a Twinning Charter in 1971 to develop links with the English county of Devon.
|Left Radical Party||3|
Presidential elections 2nd round
|Election||Winning Candidate||Party||%||2nd Place Candidate||Party||%|
|2022||Emmanuel Macron||LREM||60.29||Marine Le Pen||FN||39.71|
|2017||Emmanuel Macron||LREM||67.11||Marine Le Pen||FN||32.89|
|2012||François Hollande||PS||53.12||Nicolas Sarkozy||UMP||46.88|
|2007||Nicolas Sarkozy||UMP||51.20||Ségolène Royal||PS||48.80|
|2002||Jacques Chirac||RPR||83.95||Jean-Marie Le Pen||FN||16.05|
Current National Assembly Representatives
The inhabitants of Calvados are called "Calvadosiens" (male) and "Calvadosiennes" (female). In 2019, Calvados had 648,299 inhabitants, making it the 34th most populated French department.
Age distribution in Calvados (2019):
- 75 years and older: 10.0%
- 60–74 years old: 18.1%
- 45–59 years old: 19.4%
- 30–44 years old: 17.4%
- 15–29 years old: 18.0%
- 0–14 years old: 17.1%
Juno Beach Centre at Courseulles-sur-Mer, Calvados, commemorates the D-Day landing of the Canadian liberation forces at Juno Beach during World War II in 1944. The cult of Saint Thérèse de Lisieux brings large numbers of people on pilgrimage to Lisieux, where she lived in a Carmelite convent. Every September, Deauville hosts the Festival of the American Movie and the beach resort of Cabourg hosts the Festival of the Romantic Movie. Annually, the city of Caen celebrates the festival of the electronical cultures called "Nordik Impakt" and the festival of Beauregard, just around Caen.
Calvados is one of the most visited areas in France because of its seaside resorts which are among the most prestigious in France with their luxurious hotels, casinos, green countryside, manors, castles, the quiet, the chalk cliffs, the typical Norman houses, the history of William the Conqueror, Caen, Bayeux, Lisieux, the famous D-day beaches and numerous museums about the Second World War. Culinary specialties from the verdant countryside of Calvados are abundant: cider, calvados, camembert and Pont-l'Évêque cheeses.
One of the advantage of Calvados is to be fairly near large urban centers (Paris, Ile de France). Calvados is therefore often preferred for holidays and for weekends and sometimes considered as the countryside of Paris.
Calvados, via the port of Ouistreham, is an entrance to the continent from Britain. There are two airports: Caen-Carpiquet and Deauville-Saint Gatien. The department of Calvados has several popular tourist areas: the Bessin, the Plain of Caen, the Bocage Virois, the Côte de Nacre, the Côte Fleurie and the Pays d'Auge. Several beaches of Calvados are popular for water sports, including Cabourg and Merville-Franceville-Plage.
Tourist capacity (2022):
- 10,200 hotel rooms
- 14,410 camping sites
- 12,795 other beds (tourist resorts, holiday villages, rural gites, youth hostels)
As of 2019, 17.9% of available housing in the department were second homes.
A fragment of the Bayeux Tapestry
Aquatic sports are often played on the coasts and beaches, for example, kite surfing and beach volleyball. Stade Malherbe Caen is a professional football team from Caen, who currently play in Ligue 2.
- Arrondissements of the Calvados department
- Cantons of the Calvados department
- Communes of the Calvados department
- "Répertoire national des élus: les conseillers départementaux". data.gouv.fr, Plateforme ouverte des données publiques françaises (in French). 4 May 2022.
- "Téléchargement du fichier d'ensemble des populations légales en 2019". The National Institute of Statistics and Economic Studies. 29 December 2021.
- Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. .
- Populations légales 2019: 14 Calvados, INSEE
- Lepelley, René (1990). Calvados, qui es-tu, d'où viens-tu ou le nom énigmatique d'un département Français: Critique d'une tradition, hypothèses diverses, proposition d'interprétation. C. Corlet.
- "Twinning". Devon County Council. Archived from the original on 19 October 2009. Retrieved 8 December 2009.
- "Résultats élections: Calvados". Le Monde.
- "Résultats de l'élection présidentielle 2012: Calvados". Ministère de l'Intérieur.
- "Historique du Calvados". Le SPLAF.
- "Évolution et structure de la population en 2016". INSEE.
- Dossier complet, Population par grandes tranches d'âges, Tourisme en 2022, Catégories et types de logements, INSEE, retrieved 7 July 2022.
- "Statistiques locales: Part des résidences secondaires, population municipale". INSEE.