Hang was originally a concubine of prince Jingtai. When the elder brother of Jingtai was taken prisoner by the Mongols in 1449, Hang was promoted to Consort. Jingtai had no son with his primary spouse and empress. In May 1452, the emperors son with Hang was declared heir to the throne, and Hang, now being the mother of the crown prince, was promoted to the position of empress. She died in 1456, the year before the deposition of her spouse.
- Twitchett, Denis C; Grimm, Tilemann. Den T'ung-Cheng, Ching-t'ai och T'ien-avstånd råder, 1436-1464. I MOTE, Frederick W. Twitchett, Denis C. The Cambridge History of China Volym 7: Mingdynastin, 1368-1644, del 1 Cambridge. Cambridge University Press, 1988. [Nedan Twitchett]. ISBN 0521243327
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