Eochaid Étgudach

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For other people with the same name, see Eochaid.

Eochaid or Eochu Étgudach ("possessing clothes") or Etgedach ("negligent"?),[1][2][3][4] son of Daire Doimthech,[5][6][7] son of Conghal,[8] son of Eadaman,[9] son of Mal,[10] son of Lugaid,[11][12][13] son of Íth,[14][15][16] son of Breogán,[17] was, according to medieval Irish legend and historical tradition, a High King of Ireland. According to the Lebor Gabála Érenn he was chosen as king by the remaining quarter of the men of Ireland after the other three-quarters had died with the former king, Tigernmas, while worshipping the deity Crom Cruach. He introduced a system whereby the number of colours a man could wear in his clothes depended on his social rank, from one colour for a slave to seven for a king or queen. He ruled for four years, until he was killed in battle at Tara by Cermna Finn, who succeeded to the throne jointly with his brother Sobairce. His reign is synchronised with that of Eupales in Assyria.[18] The chronology of Geoffrey Keating's Foras Feasa ar Éirinn dates his reign to 1159–1155 BC,[19] that of the Annals of the Four Masters (which adds that there was a seven-year interregnum between Tigernmas' death and Eochaid's accession) to 1537–1533 BC.[20]

Important notes[edit]

Eochaid Étgudach is a son of Daire Doimthech, son of Conghal. His father, Daire Doimthech, should not be confused with another different person, also called Dáire Doimthech, who was a son of Sithbolg, and was a legendary King of Tara.

Preceded by
Tigernmas
High King of Ireland
AFM 1537–1533 BC
FFE 1159–1155 BC
Succeeded by
Sobairce and Cermna Finn

References[edit]

  1. ^ Dictionary of the Irish Language, Compact Edition, Royal Irish Academy, 1990, p. 287
  2. ^ Lebor Gabála Érenn, Part V, page 209; by Robert Macalister.
  3. ^ Lebor Gabála Érenn, Part V, page 211; by Robert Macalister.
  4. ^ Foras Feasa ar Éirinn, Section 42, XLII, page 287; by Geoffrey Keating.
  5. ^ Lebor Gabála Érenn, Part V, page 45; by Robert Macalister.
  6. ^ Lebor Gabála Érenn, Part V, page 209; by Robert Macalister.
  7. ^ Foras Feasa ar Éirinn, Section 42, XLII, page 287; by Geoffrey Keating.
  8. ^ Foras Feasa ar Éirinn, Section 42, XLII, page 287; by Geoffrey Keating.
  9. ^ Foras Feasa ar Éirinn, Section 42, XLII, page 287; by Geoffrey Keating.
  10. ^ Foras Feasa ar Éirinn, Section 42, XLII, page 287; by Geoffrey Keating.
  11. ^ Foras Feasa ar Éirinn, Section 42, XLII, page 287; by Geoffrey Keating.
  12. ^ Lebor Gabála Érenn, Part V, page 23; by Robert Macalister.
  13. ^ Lebor Gabála Érenn, Part V, page 61; by Robert Macalister.
  14. ^ Lebor Gabála Érenn, Part II, page 33; by Robert Macalister.
  15. ^ Lebor Gabála Érenn, Part II, page 107; by Robert Macalister.
  16. ^ Lebor Gabála Érenn, Part V, page 11; by Robert Macalister.
  17. ^ Lebor Gabála Érenn, Part II, page 27; by Robert Macalister.
  18. ^ R. A. Stewart Macalister (ed. & trans.), Lebor Gabála Érenn: The Book of the Taking of Ireland Part V, Irish Texts Society, 1956, pp. 209-211
  19. ^ Geoffrey Keating, Foras Feasa ar Éirinn 1.25
  20. ^ Annals of the Four Masters M3657-3667