Eole (horse)

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Eole
Sire Eolus
Grandsire Leamington
Dam War Song
Damsire War Dance
Sex Stallion
Foaled 1878
Country United States
Colour Bay
Breeder Ellerslie Stud (Richard J. Hancock)
Owner Frederic Gebhard
Trainer Evert V. Snedecker
Record 67: 27-17-9
Earnings US$55,162
Major wins
Monmouth Cup (1882)
Great Metropolitan Stakes (1882)
Jockey Club Handicap (1882)
Champion Stakes (1882)
Morrissey Stakes (1882)
Autumn Cup (1882, 1883)
Freehold Stakes (1883, 1884)
Coney Island Cup (1883)
Stirrup Cup (1883)
Navesink Handicap (1883)
Monmouth Stakes (1883)
Long Island Stakes (1883)
Kearney Stakes (1887)
Awards
American Champion Older Male Horse (1883)

Eole (1878–1888) was an American Thoroughbred Champion racehorse who was one of the last of the great long distance runners.

Eole was bred by at Ellerslie Stud in Albemarle County, Virginia by owner Richard J. Hancock, the father of Arthur B. Hancock who later founded Claiborne Farm in Kentucky. Unraced at age two, Eole was then purchased by Frederick Gebhard and raced at age three.[Note 1]

Conditioned for racing by Evert Snedecker, in 1881 Eole's best major race results were second-place finishes in the Dixie Stakes, Gravesend Handicap and in the Classic, Belmont Stakes. At age four, Eole was one of the top long distance runners in the United States, winning the Champion Stakes and the Great Metropolitan Stakes at 1½ miles, the Jockey Club Handicap at 2 miles, the Monmouth Cup at 2¼ miles, and the Autumn Cup at 3 miles at Sheepshead Bay Race Track. [2] [3]

1883 Championship year[edit]

At age five, Eole's wins included the first of his two consecutive victories in the 1½ mile Freehold Stakes at the Monmouth Park Association's Long Branch Racetrack and his second straight win of the 3 mile Autumn Cup. [4] Eole's performances that year earned him retrospective American Champion Older Male Horse honors from Thoroughbred Heritage. [5]

At age six in 1884, Eole won his second edition of the Freehold Stakes and in 1885 was sent to race in England where he ran second in the prestigious 2½ mile Ascot Gold Cup to Epsom Derby winner, St. Gatien. For 1886, Eole returned home to the United States where he raced through age nine, notably winning the 1887 Kearney Stakes at Saratoga Race Course.

Retired to stud duty for the 1888 season, on August 13 Eole was being shipped aboard an Erie Railroad express train from New York City bound for Chicago when it derailed at Shohola, Pennsylvania at 1:40 in the morning. The railcar filled with horses rolled down an 80 foot embankment and burst into flames. One person died in the fire along with Eole and fourteen other horses belonging to Fred Gebhard and his companion, the actress Lily Langtry. [6]. One of the horses to survive the disaster was St Saviour, full brother to Eole.[1]

Pedigree of Eole
Sire
Eolus
Leamington Faugh-a-Ballagh Sir Hercules
Guiccioli
Pantaloon mare Pantaloon
Daphne
Fanny Washington Revenue Trustee
Rosalie Somers
Sarah Washington Garrisons Zinganee
Stella
Dam
War Song
War Dance Lexington Boston
Alice Carneal
Reel Glencoe
Gallopade
Eliza Davis Knight of St. George Birdcatcher
Maltese
Melrose Melbourne
Clarkia

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Ownership of Eole was disputed by Arthur Middleton Hunter. The dispute went to arbitration and found in Gebhard's favour, although he had to pay $3500 in consideration of Hunter's care and management of the horse during the 1882 season.[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "St Saviour". Pedigree Online Thoroughbred Database. Retrieved 28 June 2014. 
Sources