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Temporal range: Fortunian
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Cnidaria
Class: Anthozoa
Genus: Eolympia
Species: E. pediculata
Binomial name
Eolympia pediculata
Han et al., 2010

Eolympia (meaning "dawn (Greek word ‘eos’) + Olympic games") is interpreted as an extinct monospecific genus of sea anemone which existed in what is now Ningqiang, Shaanxi Province, China during the lower Cambrian period (Fortunian Stage of the Terreneuvian Series - the lower unit of the Lower Cambrian). Its fossils have been recovered from the Kuanchuanpu Formation. The pedicle (after which E. pediculata is named) is long, suggesting the animal engaged in sexual intercourse, though marked perforations imply that reproduction by transverse fission was also quite likely as a more primitive backup.[1]

The fossil may alternatively represent a scalidophoran worm.[2]


  1. ^ Jian Han; Shin Kubota; Hiro-omi Uchida; George D. Stanley Jr.; Xiaoyong Yao; Degan Shu; Yong Li; Kinya Yasui (2010). "Tiny Sea Anemone from the Lower Cambrian of China". PLoS ONE. 5 (10): e13276. Bibcode:2010PLoSO...513276H. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0013276. PMC 2954142Freely accessible. PMID 20967244. 
  2. ^ Liu, Y.; Xiao, S.; Shao, T.; Broce, J.; Zhang, H. (2014). "The oldest known priapulid-like scalidophoran animal and its implications for the early evolution of cycloneuralians and ecdysozoans". Evolution & Development. 16 (3): 155. doi:10.1111/ede.12076.