2016 Equatorial Guinean presidential election
Presidential election results map. Green denotes districts won by Teodoro Obiang Nguema Mbasogo.
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Presidential elections were held in Equatorial Guinea on 24 April 2016. In a vote initially scheduled for November but brought forward by seven months, incumbent President Teodoro Obiang Nguema Mbasogo retained his office with 93.7 percent of the vote.
The president is elected using the first-past-the-post system. After the 2011 constitutional referendum, presidents were limited to two terms of seven years and the age limit for candidates was removed. In addition, the post of Vice President was established, allowing the vice president to automatically assume power if the president died in office.
The leading candidate was incumbent president Teodoro Obiang Nguema Mbasogo, running for his first term after the 2011 constitutional referendum. He ran as the candidate of the Democratic Party of Equatorial Guinea, a coalition of ten parties, and was expected to win. At the time of the election, Obiang was the longest serving African president, having been in power since 1979. He was widely expected to win the vote.
The opposition were all mainly new faces with little political recognition and none of their parties were represented in Parliament. There were also three independent candidates, which critics claimed were dummy candidates to provide legitimacy for the elections. The Democratic Opposition Front, which is a coalition of dissident parties, boycotted the election, citing that the election would be "anti-constitutional" and that Obiang would win "with a big score as a result of fraud". Opposition candidate, Gabriel Nse Obiang Obono, was prevented from running for not meeting residency requirements.
Three days after the election date was announced, Human Rights Watch said that the Center for the Study and Initiatives for Development had been ordered to shut down. According to EG Justice, a member of opposition party Centre-Right Union was detained and beaten by authorities during the campaign. Reporters from Africa24 were also detained for five hours on entry into the country before being released.
The government announced on 28 April 2016 that Obiang had won the election by an overwhelming margin, as expected. Provisional results showed him with 93.7% of the vote on a turnout of 92.9%. He was sworn in for another term at a ceremony in Malabo on 20 May 2016.
|Teodoro Obiang Nguema Mbasogo||Democratic Party of Equatorial Guinea||271,177||93.53|
|Avelino Mocache Mehenga||Centre-Right Union||4,556||1.57|
|Buenaventura Monsuy Asumu||Party of the Social Democratic Coalition||4,417||1.53|
|Benedicto Obian Mangue||Independent||2,802||0.97|
|Carmelo Mba Bakalé||Popular Action||2,415||0.83|
|Agustín Masoko Abegue||Independent||2,412||0.83|
|Tomás Mba Monabang||Independent||2,154||0.74|
|Source: Government of Equatorial Guinea|
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