Eral

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Eral
Town
Nickname(s): Trading Center
Eral is located in Tamil Nadu
Eral
Eral
Location in Tamil Nadu, India
Coordinates: 8°38′N 78°01′E / 8.63°N 78.02°E / 8.63; 78.02Coordinates: 8°38′N 78°01′E / 8.63°N 78.02°E / 8.63; 78.02
Country  India
State Tamil Nadu
District Thoothukudi
Population (2004)
 • Total 19,284
Languages
 • Official Tamil
Time zone UTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN 628801
Vehicle registration TN92

Eral is a town in the Tuticorin district in the state of Tamil Nadu, India.

Education[edit]

Eral has many schools:

  • Government Girls Hr. Sec School, Eral
  • Lobha Matriculation School, Eral
  • Govt. Hr. Sec School at Vazhavallan
  • T.D.T.A Middle School, Eral & Siruthounda Nallur
  • Annai Therasa Middle School, Eral (up to 8th standard Tamil medium)
  • St. Luke's Nursery & Primary School, Siruthounda Nallur
  • S.M.A Govt Hr. Sec. School, Siruthonda Nallur (Tamil & English Medium)
  • A few primary schools

A government library is located near the Gandhi Statue.

Economy[edit]

Eral functions as a commercial hub of Thoothukudi District. There is a bazaar with about a thousand shops selling inexpensive goods. There are approximately 15 textile shops, 60 jewelry shops, 10 home appliance stores,1 essence shops (peerfath essence), fruit stalls, plus hotels, tea stalls, etc. Brass metal mart shops for temple goods and cooking utensils are famous for large size kuthuvillakku like Kumbakonam works.

Culture[edit]

Eral has religious diversity; Hindu temples, mosques, and churches are located approximately within 0.5 km of each other.2. Devi NattarAmman Temple, Sowkkai muthaara amman Temple, Muthumalai Amman temple, Sivan temple, Sri Padugai Sudalaimaada Saamy temple (Siruthondanallur, Near Eral), Uchini mahali amman and Karuppasamy temple are the few famous temples located in and around Eral.

Mugaideen Andavar big mosque, St. Luke's Church, Soosai apper Church (St. Joseph Church) and Sowkkai muthaara amman temples are facing each other and located at the center of the town. These are main landmarks in this town.

Sri Padugai Sudalaimaada Saamy temple (Siruthondanallur, Near Eral) was renovated with new Mandapam, garden etc this year. This temple festival is on the last Tuesday of the Tamil month Chithirai.

105-year-old chairman Arunachala Swami Temple is one of the famous temples in Eral located at Tamirabharani river. (Tamil calendar month) Thai ammavaasai (No moon Day) and Aaadi ammavaasai festivals are greatly celebrated in this temple. Arunachala was born as a first son to the Couple Ramasamy Nadar -Sivananaindhammal in Melapudhukkudy on 2nd October, 1880. Later Ramasamy nadar family shifted to Eral after the death of his mother. Eral is about 7 km north of Kurumbur and 6 km west of Attur. He exhibited interest in spirituality from childhood and continued a yogic life at very early stage of his youth. He had the expertise paractice of the medicinal treatment for poisonous bites by serpants to the people of his locality. The British collectorate appointed him at a very young age as Village Munsiff for Siruthonda Nallur village which he conducted for 8 years. Later he was appointed as Chairman of Eral at the age of 25, by British collectorate. It is believed that from the young age, he possessed Trikala Gnanam, the extent of his life time. 8 days before his Samadhi, he could predict his end to come at the age of 28. He informed his brother Karuthapandia Nadar in advance about his request to place him in Samadhi under the Banyan Tree.. Chairman Arunachala Swamy got into the Samadhi on 29th July, 1908 . Eral Chairman Sri Arunachala Swamy Samadhi too is situated on the green banks of Tamira parani. This temple falls under a great banyan tree (Aala Maram). The Samadhi land which drives away the various diseases of people is called as “Nila Kappu”. People of all caste and religion flock to Chairman Swamy temple on firm belief over healings of physical and mental diseases of affected people.

Geography[edit]

Eral is bounded by the Thamirabarani River in the south, the Thamirabarani canal in the north which is close to Siruthonda Nalloor Village, the village of Mangalakurichi, Kottaikkadu to the west and the village of Vazhavallan to the east. Korkai, the port of early Pandyan Kingdom is situated at North East of Eral at around 7.0 KMs. The nearest pivotal towns are: Thiruvaikundam at 19 km, Tiruchendur at 19 km, Tuticorin at 26 km, Tirunelveli at 46 km and Kanniyakumari at 86 km..

Demographics[edit]

As of 2001 India census,[1] Eral had a population of 9284. Males constitute 49% of the population and females 51%. Eral has an average literacy rate of 81%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 84%, and female literacy is 78%. In Eral, 11% of the population is under 6 years of age.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01.