Erlestoke

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Erlestoke
High Street, Erlestoke (geograph 4488046).jpg
High Street, Erlestoke
Erlestoke is located in Wiltshire
Erlestoke
Erlestoke
Erlestoke shown within Wiltshire
Population 210 (in 2011)[1]
OS grid reference ST964539
Civil parish
  • Erlestoke
Unitary authority
Ceremonial county
Region
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town Devizes
Postcode district SN10
Dialling code 01380
Police Wiltshire
Fire Dorset and Wiltshire
Ambulance South Western
EU Parliament South West England
UK Parliament
Website Village
List of places
UK
England
Wiltshire
51°17′02″N 2°03′11″W / 51.284°N 2.053°W / 51.284; -2.053Coordinates: 51°17′02″N 2°03′11″W / 51.284°N 2.053°W / 51.284; -2.053

Erlestoke is a village and civil parish in Wiltshire, England, on the northern edge of Salisbury Plain. The village lies about 6 miles (10 km) east of Westbury and the same distance southwest of Devizes.

Erlestoke Prison, the only prison in Wiltshire, is within the parish.

History[edit]

The ancient parish of Erlestoke was a chapelry of Melksham. The Crown was lord of the manor of Erlestoke; the first recorded grant of land was by Henry I in the 12th century. From the 16th until the early 18th the Brouncker family held land at Erlestoke, including Henry Brouncker, a Member of parliament in the 16th and early 17th. Later owners included Peter Delmé, an 18th-century MP; Joshua Smith (1732-1819), MP for Devizes; and George Watson-Taylor (1771-1841), also MP for Devizes. The Watson-Taylors built up large estates at Erlestoke, Coulston (including Baynton House),[2] Great Cheverell and Edington until they were divided and sold between 1907 and 1910, following the death in 1902 of Simon Watson Taylor;[3] Erlestoke Park remained in the family until it was sold in 1919.[4]

The current form of the village is largely due to Joshua Smith, who between the 1780s and the 1810s was responsible for replacing the existing Elizabethan house with one higher up the hill east of the village. He landscaped the park which surrounds the village on three sides, adding a lake, and moving the houses of the village to the current High Street. Newly built estate cottages incorporated pieces of sculpture and architectural fragments from the earlier manor house; an example is Tilted Lodge, c. 1800.[3][5]

Tilted Lodge

By 1859 there was a school in a building owned by the Watson-Taylors, which formerly served as the laundry for the Erlestoke Park estate. The building was extended in 1893 and came into Church ownership in 1920; children of all ages attended until 1935, when older children were transferred elsewhere.[3] The school closed in 1980 following the building of a new primary school at Great Cheverell.[6]

The Church of the Holy Saviour was built next to the gates of Erlestoke Park in 1880 by G.E. Street for Lady Hannah Watson-Taylor (1818-1887), wife of Simon Watson Taylor.[7] The building has fragments of an earlier church dedicated to St James, possibly from the 12th century;[8] the 16th-century pulpit and five 17th-century bells are also from the earlier church.[9] 18th-century tombs remain in the disused churchyard of the former church, some 150 metres to the northeast.[10][11]

St Saviour's Church

The Stert and Westbury Railway was built through the parish by the Great Western Railway Company in 1900, providing routes from London to Weymouth or Taunton. There was a station at Lavington, 2 miles (3.2 km) from Erlestoke by road. It was closed in 1967 and no local stations remain; the nearest railway stations are Pewsey and Westbury.

In the 1930s, the War Office purchased 1,235 acres (500 ha)[3] of land in the parish, for accommodation for personnel undergoing training in the area. The Ordnance Survey 1:25,000 map of 1958 shows many small buildings south of the road, opposite Erlestoke House; although the access tracks remain, the buildings are no longer standing.[12]

Erlestoke House was seriously damaged by a fire in 1950.[3] Since 1960 it has been part of HM Prison Erlestoke, with several additional buildings constructed on the same site.[13]

Local government[edit]

Erlestoke has an elected parish council. It is in the area of Wiltshire Council unitary authority, which is responsible for most significant local government functions.

Map of the village, 1922

Amenities[edit]

The church is now part of the benefice of Bratton, Edington and Imber, Erlestoke, and Coulston.[14]

The Wessex Ridgeway long-distance footpath crosses Stoke Hill in the south of the parish.[15]

A former walled kitchen garden has been the home of Erlestoke and Coulston Cricket Club since 1991.[16] Erlestoke golf course opened in 1992, west of the village.[17] There was a pub, the George and Dragon, in a 17th-century building;[18] it closed in April 2015.[19]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Wiltshire Community History - Census". Wiltshire Council. Retrieved 27 January 2015. 
  2. ^ "Victoria County History: Wiltshire: Vol 8 pp234-239 – East Coulston". British History Online. University of London. 1965. Retrieved 26 August 2016. 
  3. ^ a b c d e Pugh, R.B.; Crittall, Elizabeth (eds.). "Victoria County History: Wiltshire: Vol 7 pp82-86 – Erlestoke". British History Online. University of London. Retrieved 26 August 2016. 
  4. ^ Ide, Isabel (2000). ""A Very Pretty Seat": Erlestoke Park, 1780-1999". Wiltshire Archaeological and Natural History Magazine. 93: 9–19. Retrieved 16 December 2016. 
  5. ^ Historic England. "Tilted Lodge, 53 Erlestoke High Street (1300571)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 26 August 2016. 
  6. ^ "Erlestoke Church of England School". Wiltshire Community History. Wiltshire Council. Retrieved 26 August 2016. 
  7. ^ Historic England. "Church of the Holy Saviour (1200728)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 26 August 2016. 
  8. ^ Pevsner, Nikolaus; Cherry, Bridget (revision) (1975) [1963]. Wiltshire. The Buildings of England (2nd ed.). Harmondsworth: Penguin Books. pp. 240–241. ISBN 0-14-0710-26-4. 
  9. ^ "Enford, All Saints". Dove's Guide for Church Bell Ringers. Retrieved 26 August 2016. 
  10. ^ Historic England. "Pair of monuments towards centre of disused churchyard (1258703)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 26 August 2016. 
  11. ^ Historic England. "Group of three monuments towards south side of disused churchyard (1273314)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 26 August 2016. 
  12. ^ "Ordnance Survey 1:25,000 maps of Great Britain, sheet ST95". National Library of Scotland. Retrieved 25 August 2016. 
  13. ^ "Report on an unannounced inspection of HMP Erlestoke" (PDF). HM Chief Inspector of Prisons. March 2014. Retrieved 26 August 2016. 
  14. ^ "Benefice home page". Retrieved 26 August 2016. 
  15. ^ "Wessex Ridgeway". Long Distance Walkers Association. Retrieved 25 August 2016. 
  16. ^ "History" (PDF). Erlestoke & Coulston Cricket Club. Retrieved 26 August 2016. 
  17. ^ "About". Erlestoke Golf Club. Retrieved 25 August 2016. 
  18. ^ Historic England. "The George and Dragon Inn (1033868)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 26 August 2016. 
  19. ^ Moore, Joanne (19 August 2016). "Plans to turn village pub into home rejected". Wiltshire Gazette and Herald. Retrieved 25 August 2016. 

Sources[edit]

External links[edit]