Ernesto Cortés, Jr.
|Occupation||Industrial Areas Foundation co-chair and executive director|
Ernesto Cortés, Jr. is the Industrial Areas Foundation (IAF) co-chair and executive director of the West / Southwest IAF regional network.
The IAF provides leadership training and civics education to poor and moderate-income people across the US and UK. Cortés has been instrumental in the building of over 30 grassroots organizations known for developing and training community leaders.
After attending an IAF training in Chicago and organizing in Wisconsin and Indiana in the early 1970s, Cortés returned to his hometown of San Antonio in 1974 to found Communities Organized for Public Service (COPS), the nationally recognized church-based grassroots organization of San Antonio’s west and south side communities. This work has since expanded to include broad-based organizing projects across ten Southwestern states including Texas, California, Nevada, Arizona, Louisiana, Nebraska, New Mexico, Iowa, Oklahoma, and Mississippi. These organizations' diverse faith institutions are joined by schools, labor and professional associations, and non-profits. These organizations leveraged billions of dollars for poorer communities including $700 million in infrastructure improvements in the colonias (areas of Texas which lacked basic drainage systems) during the late 1980s and early 1990s, $2.8 billion in increased public funding to equalize school funding in Texas in the mid-1980s, and $10 million in state funding for workforce development projects equipping underemployed adults with job training options. Millions more have been invested (and saved) in community-level infrastructure, healthcare reform and housing.
Cortés envisioned and launched the Alliance Schools strategy - a lauded initiative to engage communities of adults in public education. Identifying and training parent and community leaders to change the culture of their schools, the Alliance Schools have built a broad base of support for public education, both locally and statewide. Alliance Schools have been successful in raising test scores by building a culture of collaboration, as recently documented by the Annenberg Institute for School Reform.
Assisted by Cortés, the West / Southwest IAF established ten independently operating Labor Market Intermediaries by building the capacity of constituents to create the requisite political will. The graduation rates of these projects consistently outpace those of the community colleges with which they partner, helping over 12,000 low wage employees become higher-paid knowledge workers equipped with the needed skills in high demand fields. These projects have additionally been shown to provide a positive Return On Investment for public entities that invest in them. He also assisted in several living wage campaigns in Texas which raised the wages of over 10,000 workers in the Rio Grande Valley, in addition to those in Austin and San Antonio. A study of Cortes's work with IAF in Texas, Cold Anger, was written by Mary Beth Rogers. Dozens of other books further describe his work in and beyond Texas.
Cortés coordinates regional and national leadership schools that train grassroots leaders to develop community organizations based on access to political power through relationship building, and social justice initiatives. He has helped community members win water and sewage facility and other infrastructure improvements, election campaigns, and increased access to affordable housing.
In 1984, he was awarded a MacArthur fellowship, also known as a "genius grant." In 1996, he was the recipient of an honorary doctoral degree from the University of Houston. Besides, he received the prestigious 4th Annual Heinz Award in Public Policy in 1999 and completed fellowships at the JFK School of Government at Harvard and the Department of Urban Studies and Planning at MIT. He has been awarded honorary degrees from Southern Methodist University, University of St. Edwards in Austin and Rutgers University in New Jersey. In 2009 he received an honorary Doctor of Laws degree from Princeton University. In 2015, as the Princeton University Stewart Fellow in Religion, he co-taught a course on Religion and Power in Grassroots Democracy.
- Robert Putnam (2003), Better Together; Jeffrey Stout (2010), Blessed Are the Organized; William Greider (1992), Who Will Tell the People?; Internet Industrial Areas Foundation, accessed 4 February 2010; West / Southwest IAF, accessed 20 May 2011; The Heinz Awards Ernest J. Cortés, Jr. Bio, accessed 4 February 2010
- David Montejano (2010), Quixote's Soldiers: A Local History of the Chicano Movement, 1966-1981
- Jeffrey Stout (2010), Blessed Are the Organized; William Julius Wilson (2001), The Bridge Over the Racial Divide; Paul Osterman (2002), Gathering Power
- Meg Sommerfeld, "Ordinary People," Education Week XIV, no. 18, (25 January 1995): 18; Robert Putnam & Lewis Feldstein, Better Together: Restoring the American Community (New York: Simon & Schuster, 2003), 14-16 .
- Richard J. Murnane and Frank Levy (1996), Teaching the New Basic Skills: Principles for Educating Children to Thrive in a Changing Economy; Dennis Shirley (1997), Community Organizing for Urban School Reform; Dennis Shirley (2001), Valley Interfaith and School Reform: Organizing for Power in South Texas
- Robert H. Wilson (1997), Public Policy and Community: Activism and Governance in Texas
- Annenberg Institute (2009), Building Partnerships to Reinvent School Culture: Austin Interfaith
- William Greider(2003), The Soul of Capitalism: Opening Paths to a Moral Economy; West/Southwest IAF: Labor Market Intermediaries Archived March 26, 2012, at the Wayback Machine
- Paul Osterman (2000), Securing Prosperity: The American Labor Market; How it has Changed and What to Do About It; Aspen Institute (2001), Project QUEST: A Case Study of a Sectoral Employment Development Approach
- "Return On Investment from Capital IDEA" by the Ray Marshall Center of UT Austin (2011); "Economic Impacts of the JobPath Program on Pima County" by Applied Economics (2014); "Economic Impact of Project ARRIBA on El Paso" by Institute for Policy and Economic Development of UT El Paso (2007); "VIDA: Economic Impact" by the Data & Information Systems Center of UT Pan American (2010).
- MIT (2000), Report on the Impact of the Valley Interfaith Living Wage Campaign; West/Southwest IAF: Living Wage Strategies
- Benjamin Marquez, Mexican American Organizations and Identity Politics, pp. 48-50; Mary Beth Rogers, Cold Anger, pp. 1-2.
- The Heinz Awards, Ernesto J. Cortes, Jr. profile
- Ernesto J. Cortes, Honorary Degree Recipient – Doctor of Laws, Rutgers University
- Princeton University honorary degrees
- Long-Term Visiting Fellows Archived 2012-09-03 at the Wayback Machine, Princeton University Council of the Humanities
- Bystydzienski, Jill and Schacht, Steven (2001). Forging Radical Alliances Across Difference: Coalition Politics for the New Millennium. Lanham, Maryland: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, Inc. pp. 133–145.
- Carnoy, Martin (2002). Sustaining the New Economy: Work, Family and Community in the Information Age. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, pp. 184–86.
- Edwards, Bob, Foley, Michael W., Diani, Mario (2001). Beyond Tocqueville: Civil Society and the Social Capital Debate.
- Freeman, Richard, Hersch, Joni, and Mishel, Lawrence (2005). Emerging Labor Market Institutions for the Twenty-First Century. Chicago, Illinois: University of Chicago Press. pp. 303–305.
- Greider, William (1992). Who Will Tell the People? New York, NY: Simon & Schuster.
- Hatch, T. (1998) How Community Action Contributes to Achievement. Education Leadership. 55 (8): 15-16.
- Holmesly, Sterlin. (2003) HemisFair `68 and the Transformation of San Antonio.
- Marquez, Benjamin (2003). Constructing Identities in Mexican-American Political Organizations. Austin, TX: UT Press. pp. 48–67.
- Marshall, Ray and Tucker, Mark, Thinking for a Living: Education and the Wealth of Nations. (1993). Perseus Books Group. P. 196.
- Marshall, Ray (2000) Back to Shared Prosperity: The Growing Inequality of Wealth and Income in America. Armonk, NY: M.E. Sharpe. pp. 41–42.
- Meier, Matt S. and Gutierrez, Margo (2000). Encyclopedia of the Mexican American Civil Rights Movement. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press. pp. 64–65.
- Montejano, David (2010). Quixote's Soldiers: A Local History of the Chicano Movement, 1966-1968. Austin, TX: University of Texas Press. Chapter 11.
- Moyers, Bill (1990) A World of Ideas II.
- Murnane, R.J. and Levy, F. (1996) Teaching the New Basic Skills: Principles for Educating Children to Thrive in a Changing Economy. New York: The Free Press.
- Osterman, Paul and Shulman, Beth (2011) Good Jobs America: Making Work Better for Everyone. New York, NY: Russell Sage.
- Osterman, Paul (2002) Gathering Power: The Future of Progressive Politics in America Boston, MA: Beacon Press
- Osterman, Paul (2000) Securing Prosperity: The American Labor Market; How It Has Changed and What to Do About It. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
- Putnam, Robert and Feldstein, Lewis (2003) Better Together: Restoring the American Community. New York, NY: Simon & Schuster.
- Rogers, Mary Beth (1990) Cold Anger: A Story of Faith and Power Politics. Denton, Texas: University of North Texas Press.
- Sandel, Michael J. (1996) Democracy’s Discontent. Cambridge, MA. Harvard University Press.
- Shirley, Dennis (1997) Community Organizing for Urban School Reform. Austin, Tx.: University of Texas Press.
- Shirley, Dennis (2001) Valley Interfaith and School Reform: Organizing for Power in South Texas. Austin, TX: University of Texas Press.
- Smith, Glen W. (2004). The Politics of Deceit: Saving Freedom and Democracy from Extinction. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
- Stout, Jeffrey (2010). Blessed Are the Organized. Princeton, New Jersey: Princeton University Press.
- Thomas, Gary and Hiatt-Michael, Diana, editors (2001). Promising Practices for Family Involvement in Schools. Charlotte, NC: Information Age Publishing. pp. 125–152.
- Warren, Mark (2001) Dry Bones Rattling: Community Building to Revitalize American Democracy. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
- Whalen, Charles (2010). Human Resource Economics and Public Policy: Essays in Honor of Vernon Brigg. Kalamazoo, Michigan: Upjohn Institute for Employment Research.
- Wilson, Robert (1995) Public Policy and Community: Activism and Governance in Texas. Austin, Tx.: University of Texas Press.
- Wilson, William Julius (2001) The Bridge Over the Racial Divide. University of California Press.
- West / Southwest Industrial Areas Foundation website
- The Heinz Awards, Ernesto J. Cortes, Jr. profile
- Ernesto Cortes Bio (.pdf)
- Interview with Ernesto Cortes, Jr., May 27, 1994, University of Texas as San Antonio: Institute of Texan Cultures: Oral History Collections, UA 15.01, University of Texas at San Antonio Libraries Special Collections.