Esther Paterson Gill (5 February 1892 – 8 August 1971) was an Australian artist, book-illustrator and cartoonist.
Paterson was born in Carlton, Victoria, the second child born to Scottish emigrants Hugh and Elizabeth Leslie (née Deans) Paterson. She began her education at Oberwly School, St. Kilda. At age thirteen, Paterson studied painting at the National Gallery of Victoria School from 1907 to 1912.
Paterson engaged in mainly commercial art to pay her bills. In addition her art included book illustration and cartooning. Her first book of sketches "Aussie Girls" was published in 1918 by Melbourne Publishing Company.