dominant minority is a minority group that has overwhelming political, economic or cultural dominance in a country despite representing a small fraction of the overall population (a demographic minority). Dominant minorities are also known as alien elites if they are recent immigrants. A notable example is South Africa before 1994; as whites were the only ones allowed to vote despite being only ~10% of the population.
The term is most commonly used to refer to an
ethnic group which is defined along racial, national, religious or cultural lines and that holds a disproportionate amount of power.
Examples [ edit ]
Afro-Guyanese in Guyana
Ahom Tribe in erstwhile Ahom Kingdom now modern-day Assam, India [7 ]
Americo-Liberians in Liberia [8 ] [9 ] [10 ]
Anglophones in Quebec prior and up until the Quiet Revolution
Anglo-Burmese, Burmese Indians, Chinese Burmese and Burmese Christians in British Burma (modern-day Myanmar)
Arabs in the Zanzibar Sultanate
Austrians in the Austrian Empire
Austrians and Hungarians in Austria-Hungary
Brahmins in the caste system in India
Caldoches in New Caledonia
Catholics in French colonial Vietnam then divided as the three separate protectorates of Cochinchina, Annam and Tonkin
Catholics in South Vietnam
Chagatai in the Mughal Empire, India
Dutch and Indo people in the Dutch East Indies (modern-day Indonesia) French
Lusignans in medieval Cyprus
Germans in what is now Baltic States during the Order, subsequent local German states, Swedish rule in Estonia and later the Russian Empire
Greeks in Alexandrian Empire
Greeks in Ptolemaic Egypt
Greeks in Seleucid Empire
Indian Muslims in Islamic Empires in India during the Muslim conquests of the Indian subcontinent
Japanese in the Japanese puppet state of Manchukuo
Krios in Sierra Leone
Lebanese Christians before the Lebanese Civil War
Mainland Chinese in Taiwan (Republic of China) during the martial law period
Manchurians in the Qing Dynasty, China
Mongolians in the Yuan Dynasty, China
Norman French in the Norman Dynasty of England
Peninsulares in the New World, modern-day Mexico, Colombia, Philippines, Cuba, and other nations of the former Spanish Empire
Pieds-Noirs in French Algeria The
Protestant Ascendancy in British-ruled Ireland
Sudanese Arabs in Anglo-Egyptian Sudan (modern-day Sudan and South Sudan)
Arab Sunni Muslims in Saddam Hussein-era Iraq
Turks in the Ottoman Empire
Walloons in Belgium before World War II
White Namibians in South-West Africa (modern-day Namibia)
White South Africans in apartheid South Africa
White Zimbabweans in Rhodesia (modern-day Zimbabwe)
Sunni Muslim Arabs in Ba'athist Iraq
See also [ edit ]
References [ edit ]
Communities and Law: Politics and Cultures of Legal Identities (Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 2003). ISBN 978-0-472-03079-8 Gibson, Richard.
African Liberation Movements: Contemporary Struggles against White Minority Rule (Institute of Race Relations: Oxford University Press, London, 1972). ISBN 0-19-218402-4 Russell, Margo and Martin.
Afrikaners of the Kalahari: White Minority in a Black State ( Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 1979). ISBN 0-521-21897-7 Johnson, Howard and Watson, Karl (eds.).
The white minority in the Caribbean (Wiener Publishing, Princeton, NJ, 1998). ISBN 976-8123-10-9, ISBN 1-55876-161-6 Chua, Amy.
(Doubleday, New York, 2003). World on Fire: How Exporting Free Market Democracy Breeds Ethnic Hatred and Global Instability ISBN 0-385-50302-4 Haviland, William.
Cultural Anthropology. (Vermont: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich College Publishers, 1993). p. 250-252. ISBN 0-15-508550-6.