dominant minority is a minority group that has overwhelming political, economic or cultural dominance in a country despite representing a small fraction of the overall population (a demographic minority). Dominant minorities are also known as alien elites if they are recent immigrants. A notable example is South Africa before 1994; as whites were the only ones allowed to vote despite being only ~10% of the population.
The term is most commonly used to refer to an
ethnic group which is defined along racial, national, religious or cultural lines and that holds a disproportionate amount of power.
Examples [ edit ]
Ahom Tribe in erstwhile Ahom Kingdom now modern-day Assam, India [10 ]
Greeks in Ptolemaic Egypt
Greeks in Alexandrian Empire
Greeks in Seleucid Empire
Manchurians in the Qing Dynasty, China
Mongolians in the Yuan Dynasty, China
Mainland Chinese in Taiwan (Republic of China) during the martial law period
Chagatai in the Mughal Empire, India
Vikings in early Ancient Rus
Norman French in the Norman Dynasty of England
Brahmins in the caste system in India
Indian Muslims in Islamic Empires in India during the Muslim conquests of the Indian subcontinent
Austrians in the Austrian Empire
Austrians and Hungarians in Austria-Hungary
Turks in the Ottoman Empire
Germans in what is now Baltic States during the Order, subsequent local German states, Swedish rule in Estonia and later the Russian Empire The
Protestant Ascendancy in British-ruled Ireland
White South Africans in apartheid South Africa
Afro-Guyanese in Guyana
White Namibians in South-West Africa (modern-day Namibia)
White Zimbabweans in Rhodesia (modern-day Zimbabwe)
Arabs in the Zanzibar Sultanate
Lebanese Christians before the Lebanese Civil War
Dutch and Indo people in the Dutch East Indies (modern-day Indonesia)
Anglo-Burmese, Burmese Indians, Chinese Burmese and Burmese Christians in British Burma (modern-day Myanmar)
Pieds-Noirs in French Algeria
Caldoches in New Caledonia
Japanese in the Japanese puppet state of Manchukuo
Catholics in French colonial Vietnam then divided as the three separate protectorates of Cochinchina, Annam and Tonkin
Catholics in South Vietnam
Walloons in Belgium before World War II
Sudanese Arabs in Anglo-Egyptian Sudan (modern-day Sudan and South Sudan)
Arab Sunni Muslims in Saddam Hussein-era Iraq
Swedes in Finland from the 14th to the early 19th century.
Anglophones in Quebec prior and up until the Quiet Revolution
Krios in Sierra Leone
Peninsulares in the New World, modern-day Mexico, Colombia, Philippines, Cuba, and other nations of the former Spanish Empire.
See also [ edit ]
References [ edit ]
Communities and Law: Politics and Cultures of Legal Identities (Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 2003). ISBN 978-0-472-03079-8 Gibson, Richard.
African Liberation Movements: Contemporary Struggles against White Minority Rule (Institute of Race Relations: Oxford University Press, London, 1972). ISBN 0-19-218402-4 Russell, Margo and Martin.
Afrikaners of the Kalahari: White Minority in a Black State ( Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 1979). ISBN 0-521-21897-7 Johnson, Howard and Watson, Karl (eds.).
The white minority in the Caribbean (Wiener Publishing, Princeton, NJ, 1998). ISBN 976-8123-10-9, ISBN 1-55876-161-6 Chua, Amy.
(Doubleday, New York, 2003). World on Fire: How Exporting Free Market Democracy Breeds Ethnic Hatred and Global Instability ISBN 0-385-50302-4 Haviland, William.
Cultural Anthropology. (Vermont: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich College Publishers, 1993). p. 250-252. ISBN 0-15-508550-6.