Etienne Mazureau

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Étienne Mazureau, 1840-43, by Amans or Vaudechamp

Étienne Mazureau (1777-1849) had a distinguished career as a French and later a Louisiana lawyer, serving three times as Attorney General of Louisiana and as Secretary of State of Louisiana.

Mazureau was born in France, moved to Louisiana early in life, and was living in New Orleans by 1805.[1] He married Aimée Grima and had at least five children: Adolphe and Clara Mazureau who was the subject of a portrait by Jacques Guillaume Lucien Amans and Polyxeme who married shipping merchant Joseph Reynes, Edward and Stephanie.

Mazureau was described as being "[o]f a medium size, compactly built, with flashing dark eyes, intensely black hair, and a brown complexion, he is a perfect specimen of the Southern type, as if to the manner and to the manor born."[2]

He appears in Alexis de Tocqueville's Democracy in America in which he discusses with Tocqueville his views on life in Louisiana, the condition of slaves and other issues.[3]

Mazureau was a law partner with Edward Livingston and practiced law in New Orleans. In 1815, he was appointed the second Attorney General of the State of Louisiana and served for two years. In 1817, Mazureau was appointed Secretary of State of Louisiana, serving until 1821. He was then appointed Attorney General again in 1821 and remained in that position until 1824. His third and final term as Attorney General was from 1833-1841.

He died in New Orleans in 1849.


  1. ^ 1805 Directory of New Orleans
  2. ^ The New Orleans Bench and Bar 1832. Harper's new monthly magazine. / Volume 77, Issue 462, November 1888)
  3. ^ "Interview with Etienne Mazureau". In Search of Tocqueville. C-SPAN. Archived from the original on 19 January 1998. Retrieved 7 March 2016. 

Further reading[edit]

Lombardi, Tara, The Great Advocate: Étienne Mazureau, accomplished attorney & statesman (1777-1849), De Novo, Vol. 7(2), Fall 2009, pp. 6–7.

Legal offices
Preceded by
Francois Xavier Martin
Attorney General of Louisiana
Succeeded by
Louis Moreau de Liset
Preceded by
Thomas B. Robertson
Attorney General of Louisiana
Succeeded by
Isaac Trimble Preston
Preceded by
George Eustis
Attorney General of Louisiana
Succeeded by
Christian Roselius
Political offices
Preceded by
Louis B. Macarty
Louisiana Secretary of State
Succeeded by
Pierre Derbigny