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The project began as the Future International Military Airlifter (FIMA) group, set up in 1982 by; Aérospatiale, British Aerospace, Lockheed and Messerschmitt-Bölkow-Blohm to develop a replacement for the C-130 Hercules and C-160 Transall. Varying requirements and the complications of international politics caused slow progress. In 1989, Lockheed left the group, and went on to develop the second-generation C-130J Super Hercules.