Exhyalanthrax afer

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Exhyalanthrax afer
Bombilidae June 2008-1.jpg
Scientific classification
E. afer
Binomial name
Exhyalanthrax afer
Fabricius, 1794
  • Anthrax afer Fabricius, 1794
  • Anthrax fimbriata Meigen, 1804
  • Anthrax sirius Hoffmansegg in Wiedemann, 1818
  • Anthrax hemipterus Pallas in Wiedemann, 1818
  • Anthrax marginalis Wiedemann in Meigen, 1820
  • Anthrax sirius Meigen, 1820
  • Anthrax tangerinus Bigot, 1892
  • Thyridanthrax burtti Hesse, 1956
  • Thyridanthrax aequisexus Bowden, 1964
  • Thyridanthrax decipiens Bowden, 1964

Exhyalanthrax afer is a member of the fly family Bombyliidae first described by Johan Christian Fabricius in 1794.[1]


Larva feed on pupae of tachinid and ichneumonid parasitoids of the pine processionary caterpillar, Thaumetopoea pityocampa. The pupae of other Lepidoptera and from cocoons of the pine sawfly, Neodiprion sertifer. Adults are most often seen visiting flowers to feed on nectar.[2]


Afrotropical: Chad, Eritrea, Ghana, Kenya, Yemen. Oriental: Pakistan. Palaearctic: Afghanistan, Armenia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Belgium, Bulgaria, China (Beijing, Nei Monggol, Sichuan, Xinjiang, Xizang), Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Egypt, France (incl. Corsica), Germany, Gibraltar, Greece (incl. Lesbos), Gruzia, Hungary, Iran, Israel, Italy (incl. Sardinia, Sicily), Kazakhstan, Kyrgyz Republic, Libya, Macedonia, Malta, Mongolia, Morocco, Netherlands, Oman, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russia (WS), Saudi Arabia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain (incl. Ibiza, Mallorca), Switzerland, Tajikistan, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, Uzbekistan, Yugoslavia,[3][4]


  1. ^ Hull, F.M. (1973). Bee flies of the world. The genera of the family Bombyliidae. Washington: Smithsonian Institution Press. pp. 687 pp. ISBN 0-87474-131-9.
  2. ^ D.J. Greathead; P. Grandcolas (1995). "A new host association for the Bombyliidae (Diptera): an Exhyalanthrax sp. reared from cockroach oothecae, Heterogamisca chopardi (Dictyoptera: Polyphagidae) in Saudi Arabia" (PDF). The Entomologist. 114 (2): 91–98. Retrieved 2009-01-13.
  3. ^ "World Catalog Family Bombyliidae Latreille (part 1 (Oligodraninae through Bombyliinae, p. 1-206)" (PDF). Bishop Museum. 1999. pp. 1–206. Retrieved 12 January 2009.
  4. ^ "World Catalog Family Bombyliidae Latreille (part 1 (Oligodraninae through Bombyliinae, p. 1-206) -" (PDF) (Revised ed.). Bishop Museum. September 2003. pp. 1–206. Retrieved 12 January 2009.