Félix-Roland Moumié

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Félix Moumié (drawing in possession of his brother Moluh Mekue Théodore).

Félix-Roland Moumié (1926 – 3 November 1960)[1] was an anti-colonialist Cameroonian leader, assassinated in Geneva on 3 November 1960 by a agent of the SDECE (French secret service) with thallium, following official independence from France earlier that year.[2] Félix-Roland Moumié succeeded Ruben Um Nyobé, who was killed in September 1958, as leader of the Union des Populations du Cameroun (UPC - or also Union du Peuple Camerounais — "Cameroon's People Union").


Félix Moumié was born in 1925 at the Protestant hospital of Njissé in Foumban, Samuel Mekou Moumié evangelist at the Protestant mission and Suzanne Mvuh. He began his primary studies at the Bandjo school, continued them at the Protestant school in Njissé, then at the public school in Bafoussam (CMI), and completes them at the regional school in Dschang (CMII) where he brilliantly obtained the primary school certificate.

He was sensitized to anti-colonialist and communist ideas during his academic period, notably with Gabriel d'Arboussier (the future Secretary General of the African Democratic Rally) and the historian Jean Suret-Canale

In April 1958, he attended the "Conference of Independent African States" organized by the Ghanaian President Kwame Nkrumah. He befriended Frantz Fanon, who represented the Algerian FLN. Accompanied by Osendé Afana, he went to Congo in 1960 to meet with President Patrice Lumumba, who had shown sympathy for the upecist cause, but he was then overthrown by Colonel Mobutu's troops, who drove them out of the country.

Knowing that he is constantly under surveillance by the French intelligence services, he ensures that he never overflies French territory and avoids as much as possible the airspace of the countries integrated into the French Community. He fears that his plane will be intercepted as Ahmed Ben Bella and FLN leaders did in 1956. He lives mainly between Ghana and Guinea where he seeks to gain support for the UPC

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