Farkhad Dam

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Farkhad Dam
Farkhad Dam is located in Tajikistan
Farkhad Dam
Location of Farkhad Dam in Tajikistan
LocationSpitamen, Sughd Province
Coordinates40°13′19″N 69°09′41″E / 40.22194°N 69.16139°E / 40.22194; 69.16139Coordinates: 40°13′19″N 69°09′41″E / 40.22194°N 69.16139°E / 40.22194; 69.16139
Construction began1942
Opening date1948
Dam and spillways
Type of damConcrete gravity-arch dam
ImpoundsSyr Darya
Height27.5 m (90 ft)
Length450 m (1,476 ft)
CreatesFarkhad Reservoir
Total capacity350×10^6 m3 (283,750 acre⋅ft)
Active capacity350
Surface area48 km2 (19 sq mi)
Power Station
Turbines2 X 30 MW
2 X 33 MW
Installed capacity126 MW
Annual generation830 GWh

The Farkhad Dam (also known as Dam-16) is a hydroelectric and irrigation dam on the Spitamen in Sughd Province, Tajikistan. It is a part of the Naryn-Syr Darya Cascade. The dam is located on the territory of Tajikistan and controlled by Tajikistan, while the Farkhad hydropower station, operated by Uzbekenergo.[1]


Construction of the Farkhad Dam was initiated in 1942 during World War II. Its architect was Joseph Karakis and it was constructed by Farhadstroy. Construction works were mainly carried out by German and Japanese war prisoners. On 18 February 1948, the first generating unit was commission and construction was completed in 1949. In 1959, power stations two hydraulic units were upgraded.

In 1933, the dam's and reservoir's territory was rented by Tajik SSR to Uzbek SSR for 40 years. However, it remained under Uzbekistan's control until 2002 when Tajikistan took control over this as a result of а military operation.[2]


Hydroelectric power station is a complex of structures located within 22 kilometres (14 mi). The length of spillway concrete dam is 120 kilometres (75 mi) and the length of earth-filled dam is 450 metres (1,480 ft). The maximum height of dams is 27.5 metres (90 ft).

Installed capacity of the power station is 126 MW and the average annual generation is 830 GWh. It consist of four Kaplan turbines: two by30 MW capacity and two by 33 MW capacity.

The dam creates the Farkhad Reservoir with volume of 350 million cubic metres (283,750 acre feet). Its surface area is 48 square kilometres (19 sq mi).

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Таджикистан и Узбекистан договорились о разделе Фархадской ГЭС [Tajikistan and Uzbekistan agreed on the division of the Farhad hydro power plant]. Interfax (in Russian). 2018-01-11. Retrieved 2018-01-11.
  2. ^ Как Таджикистан вернул "Плотину" и Фарходское водохранилище [How Tajikistan returned the dam and Farkhad Reservoir]. Asia-Plus (in Russian). 2012-04-18. Archived from the original on 2012-09-06. Retrieved 2012-06-14.