Farol da Lapa
|Location||Póvoa de Varzim
|Year first constructed||1857|
|Construction||stone tower attached to the back of the church Nossa Senhora de Lapa|
The first historical reference to the town's light (sinal da Vila) is from the 16th century. The light was located in the current location, named "Lugar do Facho" (literally, place of the lighthouse), where the Lapa Church was built in 1770. In May 1833, the Castelo da Póvoa Alferes asked for help, to the city hall, to keep the town's light for six nights. During the Portuguese Civil War (1828–1834), the light was located in the fortress.
The light's current location, in Lapa Church, then named Facho da Atalaia da Ordenança, was over an iron structure, according to old listings of lighthouses and pictures from old postcards. This early version was a kind of crane tower located in Lapa churchyard, and assured the alignment that indicated the correct path ships should use to pass the sandbank in security.
Still in the 19th century, the current lighthouse was constructed as part of the temple by the Royal Brotherhood of Nossa Senhora da Assunção due to the great devotion Povoan fishermen had over this small temple. It served as a guide for seafarers, but in a special way to fishermen.
In 1892 the lighthouse became the first light of the Lapa-Regufe alignment of Póvoa Bay slope. By getting the alignment between the two points of light of Farol da Lapa and Farol de Regufe, known as enfiamento, the fishermen knew that the boat was in the strait corridor between underwater rocks and it was safe to cross the sandbank where numerous fishermen lost their lives in the course of several generations. The lighthouse was activated when the crossing of the sandbank became dangerous due to sea levels or storms.
It was recovered and reactivated on August 2016, along with the church. The lighthouse can be visited using a door which existed in the 17th century, but it was covered for unknown reasons. The door is now used to get into the lighthouse. It has uneven stony steps and it can be used for sightseeing.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Lapa Lighthouse.|
- Amorim, Sandra Araújo (2004). Vencer o Mar, Ganhar a Terra. Na Linha do horizonte - Biblioteca Poveira CMPV.
- Archivo pittoresco Volume XI. Castro Irmão & C.ª. 1868.
- Russ Rowlett (December 17, 2005). "Lighthouses of Northern Portugal - The Lighthouse Directory". University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Retrieved April 8, 2009.
- Igreja da Lapa com nova fachada e farol com vista de cortar a respiração - CMPV