Ferocactus emoryi

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Ferocactus emoryi
Cactaceae - Ferocactus emoryi.JPG
Ferocactus emoryi ssp. rectispinus at the botanical garden of Villa Durazzo-Pallavicini, Genova Pegli
Scientific classification
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F. emoryi
Binomial name
Ferocactus emoryi
Synonyms
  • Echinocactus emoryi
  • Ferocactus rectispinus
  • Echinocactus covillei (Britton & Rose) A.Berger
  • Ferocactus covillei Britton & Rose

Ferocactus emoryi, known commonly as Emory's barrel cactus, Coville's barrel cactus and traveler's friend, is a barrel cactus in the genus Ferocactus.

Description[edit]

This specimen in the Brooklyn Botanic Garden is labeled "Fishhook Cactus"

Ferocactus emoryi is spherical or cylindrical solitary barrel cactus, light green to glaucous, reaching a diameter of 60–100 centimetres (24–39 in) and a height of 2–2.5 metres (6 ft 7 in–8 ft 2 in). It has 15 to 30 ribs with tubercles, especially in the juvenile stage. The spines are white to reddish. The central spine is very strong, 4–10 cm long, while the seven to twelve radial spines reach lengths of up to 6 cm. The large and funnel-shaped flowers are usually red or yellow, reach lengths of up to 7.5 centimeters and have a diameter of 5 to 7 centimeters. The fruit is ovoidal, about 5 cm long.

Distribution[edit]

This species is found in nature in Mexico (Sonora, Sinaloa and Baja California Sur) and in the United States (Arizona).

Habitat[edit]

Ferocactus emoryi grows in the desert scrubs, hillsides, rocky slopes and gravely rocky or sandy soils, at an elevation of about 0–1,200 metres (0–3,937 ft) above sea level.

Subspecies[edit]

  • Ferocactus emoryi var. emoryi
  • Ferocactus emoryi var. rectispinus (Engelm.) N.P.Taylor

References[edit]