Film awards in the Philippines
There are many institutions, academies and fellowships in the Philippines that hands out awards, citations and recognitions to outstanding film achievements for a certain calendar year.
The Maria Clara Awards was established in 1950 by The Manila Times. However, it was criticized for being judged only by movie outsiders. In response, a group of writers established the Filipino Academy of Movie Arts and Sciences Awards (FAMAS Awards) in 1952.
From 1952 to 1976, the FAMAS was the sole award-giving body for film in the Philippines.
On May 1, 1976, a group of nine film critics and writers formed the Manunuri ng Pelikulang Pilipino (English: Filipino Film Critics), an organization aiming at giving recognition to Filipino film achievements through the eyes of a film critic. The MPP formed the Gawad Urian Awards, the first award-giving body to contest the long-reigning FAMAS Awards. The Gawad Urian gave a Philippine equivalent to the New York Film Critics Circle Awards. This organization was also created after the first tie in lead categories was recorded in 21st FAMAS Awards in 1973. It was in the Best Actress category, in which both Boots Anson-Roa and Vilma Santos won.
During the commercialist era of movies in the 1980s, more award-giving bodies have sprung up to honor film achievements. In 1981, President Ferdinand Marcos passed Executive Order 640-A, which established the Film Academy of the Philippines, the Philippines' official counterpart of the United States' Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. The FAP handed out the first Luna Awards (then called the FAP Award until 2005) in 1983 to honor film achievements in 1982.
In addition, the Catholic Church also established the Catholic Mass Media Awards. In 1985, the Philippine Movie Press Club initiated the Star Awards for Movies and Television, which is currently the Philippines' Golden Globes' counterpart.
Under the auspices of First Lady Imelda Marcos, the first Filipino international film festival was held in 1982: the Manila International Film Festival. This prestigious festival opened at the Manila Film Center.
During the 1980s, the term grand slam became popular. The Philippine grand slam is an unofficial moniker given to an actor or actress who had won the following awards: FAMAS Awards, Gawad Urian, CMMA and FAP Awards (became Luna Awards in 2005) in one year. CMMA though stopped giving acting awards by 1990 while Star Awards started giving their awards in 1985. The moniker was first earned by actress Vilma Santos in 1983 when she won the FAMAS, Gawad Urian, CMMA and FAP Awards for her performance in the Ishmael Bernal film Relasyon.
The number of film award-giving bodies in the Philippines grew beginning in the 1990s. Several university scholars and teachers formed their own awards, beginning with the Young Critics Circle in 1990, with members coming from various disciplines of the country's top universities. Gawad Pasado and Gawad Tanglaw followed suit in 1998 and 2002, respectively.
In 2003, several members of the PMPC formed a breakaway group called the Entertainment Press Society and started handing out awards - the Golden Screen Awards - in 2004.
- FAMAS Awards (Filipino Academy of Movie Arts and Sciences)
- Gawad Urian (Manunuri ng Pelikulang Pilipino or Filipino Film Critics)
- Luna Awards (Film Academy of the Philippines)
- Star Awards for Movies (Philippine Movie Press Club)
- Young Critics Circle Film Desk Awards
- Gawad PASADO (Pampelikulang Samahan ng mga Dalubguro or Film Association of Professors) Backronym meaning: To pass
- Gawad TANGLAW (Tagapuring mga Akademik ng Aninong Gumagalaw or Academic Praisers of Motion Pictures) Backronym meaning: light
- Golden Screen Awards (Entertainment Press Society) - breakaway group from PMPC
- Gawad Genio Awards (Film Critics Academe of Zamboanga City)
- Cinemalaya Philippine Independent Film Festival (held at the Cultural Center of the Philippines every July)
- Cinema One Originals (held at select malls in Metro Manila and Cebu every October/November)
- Cinemanila International Film Festival (held at select malls within Metro Manila every November)
- Metro Manila Film Festival (held every December 25 to January 7 in all cinemas nationwide)
- Sineng Pambansa (held every June and November in select Philippine cities)
- Maria Clara Awards (1950–1951) (resurrected in 2006 as a temporary venue of awards for the FAMAS, which was undergoing a leadership crisis and an anti-awards night ruling from the Securities and Exchange Commission)
- Manila International Film Festival
- "Maria Clara Awards". Unofficial Website of the Filipino Academy of Movie Arts and Sciences. Archived from the original on October 16, 2012. Retrieved February 3, 2014.
- "FAMAS Awards: History". Unofficial Website of the Filipino Academy of Movie Arts and Sciences. Archived from the original on April 22, 2012. Retrieved February 3, 2014.
- "Ang Manunuri: Panuntunan at Kasaysayan" (in Filipino). Manunuri ng Pelikulang Pilipino. Retrieved January 26, 2014.
- "The First Three Decades...A Recap". Film Academy of the Philippines. May 24, 2013. Retrieved January 26, 2014.
- Cinemalaya Philippine Independent Film Festival - official website
- Cinemanila International Film Festival - official website
- Filipino Academy of Movie Arts and Sciences - official website
- Film Academy of the Philippines - official website
- Manunuri ng Pelikulang Pilipino - official website
- Metro Manila Film Festival - official website
- Young Critics Circle Film Desk - official blog