Finedon

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Finedon
Finedon Water Tower.jpg
Finedon Water Tower
Finedon is located in Northamptonshire
Finedon
Finedon
 Finedon shown within Northamptonshire
Population 4,309 (2011 census)
OS grid reference SP9171
District Wellingborough
Shire county Northamptonshire
Region East Midlands
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town Wellingborough
Postcode district NN9
Dialling code 01933
Police Northamptonshire
Fire Northamptonshire
Ambulance East Midlands
EU Parliament East Midlands
UK Parliament Wellingborough
List of places
UK
England
Northamptonshire

Coordinates: 52°20′02″N 0°39′35″W / 52.3340°N 0.6597°W / 52.3340; -0.6597

Finedon is a civil parish and village in the Borough of Wellingborough, Northamptonshire, with a population at the 2011 census of 4,309 people.[1] In 1086 when the Domesday Book was completed, Finedon (then known as Tingdene) was a large royal manor, previously held by Queen Edith.

It is situated 4 miles (6.4 km) to the north east of Wellingborough.[2] Nearby communities include Irthlingborough, Burton Latimer and Great Harrowden.

History[edit]

Domesday Book[edit]

In 1086 when the Domesday Book was completed, Finedon was a large royal manor, previously held by Queen Edith. At this time the village was known as Tingdene, which originates from the Old English words þing meaning assembly or meeting and Denu meaning valley or vale.[3] Tingdene and the later version, Thingdon, were used until the early nineteenth century until finally Finedon became the commonly accepted version, both in written format as well as in pronunciation.[4]

At the time of the Domesday Book Finedon was one of only four towns listed with a population greater than 50 in Northamptonshire - the others being Northampton, Brackley and Rushton.[citation needed]

The Bell Inn also claims to be listed in the Domesday Book, but the current building does not date back to this period, and there is evidence that the original inn was situated several hundred metres away. However, the main building was built around 1598, with the current façade added in 1872.[citation needed]

Finedon Hall[edit]

Finedon Hall

Finedon Hall is a Grade II listed 17th- or 18th-century country house with later modifications. It is built in the Tudor style to an H-shaped floor plan in two storeys with attics. It is constructed in ironstone ashlar with limestone dressings and a slate roof.[5]

Sir Gilbert Dolben, 1st Baronet married the heiress of Finedon manor in 1682. He was created a baronet in 1704 and was MP for Ripon, Peterborough and Yarmouth. It descended in the Dolben family to the 4th and last Baronet and from him to his daughter Diana, who had married William Harcourt Isham Mackworth (d.1872). He took the additional surname of Dolben. His three sons all died young, including the poet Digby Mackworth Dolben, and so the estate passed to his sister, after whose death in 1912 it was sold.[6]

The house has now been converted into apartments.

Finedon Obelisk[edit]

Finedon Obelisk

The Finedon Obelisk is a monument erected in 1789 to record the blessings of the year by Sir John English Dolben, the fourth and last of the Dolben Baronets and Lord of the Manor of Finedon. The blessings are thought to include the return to sanity of George III. The 23rd of April 1789 was appointed a day of thanksgiving to commemorate the event, which in Finedon was celebrated with bell ringing, fireworks and the firing of cannon.

The obelisk is located in a small enclosure next to the A6 and A510 roundabout.

Volta Tower[edit]

Main article: Volta Tower

Finedon was formerly home to the Volta Tower, a folly built in 1865 by William Harcourt Isham Mackworth-Dolben of Finedon Hall. It was built to commemorate the death of his eldest son, Lieutenant Commander William Digby Dolben, who drowned off the west coast of Africa on 1 September 1863, aged 24. The building stood for 86 years before collapsing in 1951, killing one of its residents.

Water Tower[edit]

The Water Tower was completed in 1904, originally costing £1500 to build, with the whole scheme of public water provision for Finedon costing £13,000. The tower is octagonal in shape and is divided into five interior stages. The exterior of the building is a red, yellow and blue polychrome brick design with a lead and plain-tile roof.

The Water Tower has since been converted into a private residence and in 1973, gained Grade II listed status.[7] It stands as a local landmark beside the A6 on the southern entrance into Finedon.

Governance[edit]

At the introduction of modern Local Government by the Local Government Act 1894, Finedon was designated an Urban District, with an Urban District Council. In 1935 the Finedon Urban District was abolished, and Finedon became part of the Wellingborough Urban District. In 1983, Finedon Parish Council was established, and it currently has thirteen members.

The village is within the Borough of Wellingborough and the Wellingborough Parliamentary constituency.

Education[edit]

Finedon is served by two primary schools, the Finedon Infant School for children aged 4 to 7, and the Finedon Mulso Church of England Junior school for ages 7 to 11. The two schools became federated in 2011 and are now operated as one school with one headteacher. Supervisory childcare is available both before and after conventional school hours by the Apple Tree Club, located next to the Infant School. [8]

There is no secondary school in Finedon, so pupils are required to travel outside of the village to continue their education after leaving the Junior school. Huxlow Science College in Irthlingborough accommodates the large majority of these pupils, with the provision of a free bus pass. It is not uncommon however for some to attend Latimer Arts College in Barton Seagrave or Bishop Stopford School in Kettering.

Pre-school and early years' education for ages 2 and up is catered for by St Michael's playgroup, rated "Good" by Ofsted in July 2014.[9]

Church[edit]

The Church of St Mary the Virgin, Finedon

The Parish Church of St Mary the Virgin, is a mid-14th-century church with an aisled and cloistered nave of four bays. The current parish priest is Rev Richard Coles, former member of pop group The Communards.

The tower houses a ring of eight bells in the key of D with the tenor weighing just over 21 hundredweight (about 1.1 tonnes).[10] The church also houses an organ which was probably originally built for St George's Chapel in Windsor Castle in 1704.[11] It was installed in 1717, rebuilt in 1872, and restored in 1960,[12] and it retains its tracker action.

Pocket Park[edit]

Old coppiced lime trees at Finedon Pocket Park

From 1939 until 1946 ironstone was extracted from the quarry at Finedon and transported via a railway line to the main line at Wellingborough.

Rather than filling in the railway cutting and quarry and returning it to agricultural land, the people of Finedon campaigned to retain it as an important wildlife area. In 1984, it was designated the first Pocket Park in the country.[13] The heritage of the park as a quarry led to it earning its local name "The Pits".

The quarry area is predominantly grassland and scrub with ponds supporting a diverse range of amphibians. The majority of the railway cutting is woodland containing mainly ash, sycamore and oak. The park is owned by the Borough Council of Wellingborough and is managed by a team of volunteers from the Finedon branch of the Northamptonshire Wildlife Trust to maximise its benefit for the flora and fauna. Scrub in the quarry is cut back to maintain the grassland, whilst large trees and other patches of scrub are left to provide feeding and nesting sites for birds. The ponds are also managed to ensure they do not become completely overhung by trees.

Old coppiced lime trees estimated to be over three hundred years as well as yews of considerable age are to be found alongside the labyrinth of trails that cross the site.

Access to the park can be found via Station Road and Avenue Road, next to the Finedon Dolben Cricket Club.

To the south western side of Finedon Pocket Park is another nature reserve, Finedon Cally Banks,[14] owned and managed by the Wildlife Trust for Bedfordshire, Cambridgeshire and Northamptonshire. The name Cally Banks comes from the process of burning iron ore to remove impurities, leaving a deposit called calcine which provides the poor soil conditions in which wildflowers flourish.

Climate[edit]

Finedon, much like the rest of the British Isles, experiences an oceanic climate and as such does not endure extreme temperatures and benefits from fairly evenly spread rainfall throughout the year.

Climate data for Finedon, GBR
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 7
(45)
8
(46)
10
(50)
13
(55)
16
(61)
19
(66)
22
(72)
22
(72)
19
(66)
14
(57)
10
(50)
7
(45)
13.9
(57.1)
Average low °C (°F) 2
(36)
2
(36)
3
(37)
4
(39)
7
(45)
10
(50)
12
(54)
12
(54)
10
(50)
7
(45)
4
(39)
2
(36)
6.3
(43.4)
Average precipitation cm (inches) 4.3
(1.69)
3.4
(1.34)
3.1
(1.22)
3.9
(1.54)
4.0
(1.57)
4.8
(1.89)
5.0
(1.97)
5.0
(1.97)
5.1
(2.01)
6.2
(2.44)
4.8
(1.89)
4.7
(1.85)
54.3
(21.38)
Source: [15]

Notable people[edit]

Town Twinning[edit]

Along with Wellingborough, Finedon is twinned with:[17]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Office for National Statistics: Finedon CP: Parish headcounts. Retrieved 15th July 2015
  2. ^ Borough Council of Wellingborough: Parish information on Finedon and Great Doddington Retrieved 15th July 2015.
  3. ^ English Place Name Society Retrieved 22 March 2012
  4. ^ John Bailey, Finedon Otherwise Thingdon, 1975, ISBN 0-9504250-0-1
  5. ^ "Finedon Hall, Finedon". British Listed Buildings. Retrieved 13 April 2013. 
  6. ^ "DOLBEN (FINEDON)". National Archives. Retrieved 13 April 2013. 
  7. ^ British Listed Buildings. Retrieved 15th July 2015.
  8. ^ Finedon Schools Website Retrieved 16th July 2015.
  9. ^ Ofsted Inspection Reports: St Michael's Playgroup Retrieved 16th July 2015.
  10. ^ Finedon Bellringers
  11. ^ National Pipe Organ Register, N03520
  12. ^ National Pipe Organ Register, N03521
  13. ^ Northamptonshire County Council Retrieved 15th July 2015
  14. ^ Wildlife Trust for Bedfordshire, Cambridgeshire and Northamptonshire Retrieved 15th July 2015
  15. ^ "Average weather for Finedon". 
  16. ^ Daily Telegraph report
  17. ^ Borough Council of Wellingborough: Town Twinning Retrieved 20 July 2015.

Sources[edit]

External links[edit]

Media related to Finedon at Wikimedia Commons