Finnish Academy of Science and Letters
The Finnish Academy of Science and Letters (Finnish Suomalainen Tiedeakatemia; Latin Academia Scientiarum Fennica) is a Finnish learned society. It was founded in 1908 and is thus the second oldest academy in Finland. The oldest is the Finnish Society of Sciences and Letters, which was founded in 1838.
The academy has a total of 328 seats for Finnish members. When a member of the academy turns 65 years, his seat is free for selection of a new member, but he remains a full member until death. The seats are divided into two sections
Section of Science
- Mathematics and Computer Science 28 members
- Physics and Astronomy 26 members
- Geosciences 24 members
- Chemistry 21 members
- Biology 22 members
- Agriculture and Forestry 22 members
- Medicine 46 members
Section of the Humanities
- Theology and Religion 11 members
- Philosophy and Aesthetics 12 members
- Psychology and Pedagogy 14 members
- History and Archaeology 17 members
- Finno-Ugric Studies 17 members
- Linguistics 21 members
- Jurisprudence 18 members
- Social sciences 29 members
Since 1924, foreign members have also been invited to the academy. A foreign scientist who has proven to be a leading researcher can be elected as a foreign member. The selection of foreign members follows the same strict principles as the selection of domestic members. Foreign members represent the best of science around the world.
The Vaisala Prize (Finnish: Väisälä Prize) was established by the Finnish Academy of Sciences and Letters in cooperation with the Väisälä Foundation. The prize is awarded to outstanding scientists in the active parts of their careers in the fields of mathematics and natural sciences. The prize is awarded by the Board of the Finnish Academy of Science and Letters. The first prize was awarded in 2000 and has been awarded annually since then. The Vaisala Prize is analogous to the Fields Prize for young mathematicians and has the same remuneration of 15 thousand, but is paid in euros (for 2021 this is about one and a half more than the Fields Prize due to the difference in exchange rates of euro and canadian dollar).
- Finnish Academy of Science and Letters, official website
- The Finnish Academy of Science and Letters Archived 2017-04-22 at the Wayback Machine, a presentation (at the website of the University of St Andrews).