Finnish People's Delegation

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A 1918 poster announcing the revolution in Finland, part of the Finnish Civil War. The lower-right section contains a law adopted by the People’s Delegation.

The Finnish People's Delegation (Finnish: Suomen kansanvaltuuskunta) was created by leftists, mostly members of the Social Democratic Party. Its formation as the government of Finland was announced in Helsinki's radical opposition newspaper Työmies on January 29, 1918, marking a rebellion against the Finnish Senate. The People's Delegation served as the government of the Red Guard in the Finnish Civil War.

A Supreme Workers' Council was established on February 14, 1918, to be equivalent to Parliament in wielding executive power. The chairman of the Council was equivalent to the Speaker of the Parliament, and served as the Head of State of Red Finland. The position was filled by the secretary of the Transport Workers Union Valfrid Perttilä.

The Workers' Council had little power because of the chaotic situation during the Civil War. Most decisions were taken by the People's Delegation. The Council ceased operations on April 25, 1918.

Finnish People's Delegation members[edit]

The delegation members were given similar roles as ministers in a government:[1]

Seats on the Supreme Workers' Council were allocated by the People's Delegation as follows:

Constitutional proposal[edit]

The People's Delegation drew up a new Constitution,[2] taking influences from the American and Swiss Constitution and ideas from the French Revolution. A referendum on the proposal was planned.

End of People's Delegation[edit]

After the Civil War the members of the People's Delegation fled to Soviet Russia and abroad. The proposed Constitution was forgotten.


  1. ^ "The revolutionary government of Finland.". histdoc. Retrieved 28 December 2016. 
  2. ^ "Ehdotus Suomen valtiosäännöksi". hlstdoc (in Finnish). 23 February 1918. Retrieved 28 December 2016.