Finnish Swedish Heritage Day

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Finnish Swedish Heritage Day
Flag of Swedish-speaking Finns.svg
Official nameSwedish: Svenska dagen,
Finnish: Ruotsalaisuuden päivä
Observed byFinland
SignificanceDate on which King Gustavus Adolphus of Sweden was killed at the Battle of Lützen (1632)
Date6 November
Next time6 November 2023 (2023-11-06)
Related toGustavus Adolphus Day (Sweden, Finland, Estonia)

Finnish Swedish Heritage Day (Swedish: svenska dagen, Finnish: ruotsalaisuuden päivä) is a general flag flying day, which is celebrated in Finland on 6 November. The day celebrates the Swedish-speaking population of Finland, their culture, and the bilinguality of Finland.[1] The main celebrations are aired on the radio, and many smaller celebrations are held around Finland in schools. Usually, the song Modersmålets sång is sung, celebrating the mother tongue. The Finnish Swedish Heritage Day is celebrated on the same day as Gustavus Adolphus Day in Sweden, the day that king Gustavus Adolphus of Sweden was killed at the Battle of Lützen in 1632.[citation needed]

The Finland Swedish Heritage Day was created in 1908, when the newly founded Swedish People's Party of Finland decided to celebrate a day for the Swedes. The intention was to strengthen the Swedish-speaking Finnish community. The reason why the day of the death of king Gustavus Adolphus was chosen was because this also was the time when the empire of Sweden was founded. In the beginning, the celebrations largely circled around the king's persona. During the language strife of the 1930s the celebrations were overshadowed by street fights between Finnish and Swedish groups. Finnish-speaking students saw this day as a day for celebrating "aggressive imperialism".[2] During the Second World War, both sides stopped fighting each other and emphasized that both language groups were part of Finland, thus the celebration of the day spread outside the political spectrum. Today, the day is led by Swedish Assembly of Finland.[3]