First Friday (public event)
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These city-wide events may take on many purposes, including art gallery openings, and social and political networking. American cities have promoted such events to bring people to historic areas perceived as dangerous, using the "safety in numbers" mentality to combat urban decay. In some cities this monthly event may occur on the first Saturday of each month instead of Friday.
Additionally, these are "see and be seen" events that serve as a block party or social gathering open to the general public. Many of these events are centered on political networking between Republicans, but in many cities these events may involve pub crawling, other retail establishments such as cafes and restaurants, and performances by fire twirling acts, belly dancing, street musicians, or others.
"First Fridays" is also a nationally recognized networking event targeting African American professionals held on the first Friday of every month in various cities throughout North America. These events started in 1987 and provide urban professionals an opportunity to socially network, exchange and share ideas on professional, educational, political and social issues.
Art gallery openings
Some cities hold Gallery hops and "art walks", in which a number of the town's art galleries or artists' studios will open their doors into Friday evening. The idea is that galleries will attract people to the downtown and enrich the art community by pooling their openings together into one monthly evening.
Among the cities with art-oriented First Friday events are: Albany, Anchorage, Augusta, Bellingham, Binghamton, Burlington, Chicago, Columbus, Denver, Honolulu, Indianapolis, Ithaca, Juneau, Kalamazoo, Kansas City, Knoxville, Lincoln, Louisville, Las Vegas, Missoula, Peoria IL, Scranton, Oakland, Olympia, Philadelphia, Phoenix, Pittsburgh, Raleigh, Richmond, Rochester, San Antonio, San Jose, Santa Cruz, Santa Rosa, Spokane, Tallahassee, Tulsa and Ypsilanti.
Richmond is among the largest First Fridays art walks in the nation, it draws nearly 20,000 people from all over the state of Virginia and nation, showcasing its artistic side and opening restaurants and art galleries all over Broad Street and Downtown Richmond.
Some First Fridays promote arts and culture combined with social networking, like First Fridays in Tucson, AZ. Other smaller-scale First Fridays serve as social gatherings for groups of friends or people new to an area and may involve no art.
They may also include the large First Friday events such as those in Phoenix, Arizona attracting up to 20,000 attendees to hundreds of spaces.
Various cities areas have First Fridays centered on politically conservative networking. The pioneer of these events begun in Washington, D.C. but similar events have found success in Virginia, Nevada, and Arizona.
In many cities, First Fridays events place an emphasis on African American networking and business opportunities for African American professionals. First Friday is the top networking event for African American professionals and consistently attracts over 16,000 people each month across North America according to First Fridays United.
The First Fridays monthly events originated in 1987 as an outlet for African American professionals to mix, mingle and network. During the 1980s it was common for an individual to be the only black professional working in their company. First Fridays happy hours become a way for these professionals to meet in a social atmosphere while exchanging useful information. The concept spread rapidly and First Fridays chapters now operate in 39 cities across North America and seven countries worldwide, including Austin, Binghamton, Birmingham, Boston, Charlotte, Charleston, Chicago, Cincinnati, Cleveland, Detroit, Fort Myers, Fort Lauderdale, Hattiesburg, Hartford, Hong Kong, Houston, Indianapolis, Jackson, Kansas City, Kingston, Las Vegas, Los Angeles, London, Louisville, Memphis, Miami, Nashville, Nassau, New Orleans, New York, Newark, Oakland, Orlando, Philadelphia, Phoenix, Pittsburgh, Raleigh, Richmond, Rio de Janeiro, Sacramento, San Antonio, San Diego, San Francisco, St. Louis, Normandy, Scranton, South Bend, Syracuse, Tallahassee, Tokyo, Toronto, and Washington, D.C.
In 2002, several First Fridays operators created First Fridays United, which is a company founded to organize the existing First Fridays chapters in 30 cities into one group to share information, resources and solicit corporate sponsors and advertisers. The organization sponsors a series of international events in addition to the monthly networking happy hours. Today, First Fridays reaches over 450,000 urban professionals through email, internet, and event marketing and has had numerous Fortune 1000 corporate clients.
- Bass, Scott (January 6, 2010). "Broad Street Revivalists:The galleries and businesses of First Fridays Art Walk are the 2009 Richmonders of the Year" (January 06, 2010). Style Weekly. Retrieved 7 January 2016.
- Zak, Dan (Jun 5, 2011). "Off the clock and it's still party time on Capitol Hill with dueling happy hours". Washington Post (Washington, DC). Washington Post. Retrieved May 31, 2014.
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- Byrne, Dara (Dec 17, 2007). "Public Discourse, Community Concerns, and Civic Engagement: Exploring Black Social Networking Traditions on BlackPlanet.com" (PDF). Journal of Computer-Mediated Communication (Wiley Online) 13 (1): 319–320. doi:10.1111/j.1083-6101.2007.00398x. Retrieved May 31, 2014.
- Ross, Adam (Jul 17, 2003). "Why is First Fridays the best African American event in Nashville?". Nashville Scene (Nashville, Tennessee). Nashville Scene. Retrieved May 31, 2014.
- "First Friday United: About Us". Archived from the original on Feb 3, 2011. Retrieved 27 February 2011.