Foster Dam

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Foster Dam
Foster Dam 2009.jpg
Foster Dam in 2009
Official name Foster Dam
Location Linn County, Oregon, USA
Opening date 1968[1]
Dam and spillways
Impounds South Santiam River
Height 126 ft (221 m)
Length 4565 ft (379 m)
Reservoir
Creates Foster Lake
Total capacity 28,300 acre·ft (0.0349 km3)[2]
Power station
Turbines 2
Installed capacity 20 MW[2]
Website
http://www.nwp.usace.army.mil/op/v/proj_gpfoster.asp

Foster Dam is an embankment type rock-fill dam[1] across the South Santiam River near Sweet Home, Oregon, United States.

Designed by the Corps of Engineers, it began service on August 22, 1968. Its primary purpose is flood control but it also provides power, navigation improvement downstream and irrigation. The damming of the river created Foster Reservoir, which is a popular fishing and water sports area. The reservoir stores 28,300 acre feet (34,900,000 m3). The powerhouse has two generators with a capacity totaling 20 MW. The dam regulates water flow from the main facility, Green Peter Dam.[3]

Risk to fish[edit]

The Pacific Northwest National Laboratory tested the likely effects of the dam on fish populations using the sensor fish.

They concluded that all fish travelling over the spillway fish weir would probably experience a minimum of one significantly stressful event. This is due to the absence of a cushioning effect due to the shallow flow depth and badly formed discharge jet. In fact, most fish would likely experience many events while tumbling down the spillway. Because of the larger size of actual fish, the study concluded that live fish would experience even greater events than the sensor fish. Most injuries sustained by smolt (juvenile salmon) after they had passed through the weir were caused by the weir jet's shallow depth as well as the angle of the jet as it struck the spillway chute.

Over 22% of the sensor fish were damaged or lost in the turbine tests. The devices showed signs of "grinding or squeezing". It is assumed that this happened while being compressed when travelling between the blades of the turbine.

Although turbine pressures were similar to Kaplan turbines at the Snake River dams and Columbia River dams, significant events were recorded by the sensor fish occurred at a rate 2-3 times more frequently at the Foster Dam. Rates of injury and mortality for live fish were correspondingly higher.

When comparing the two passage routes, data shows that fish travelling over the weir experienced greater event magnitudes than fish travelling through the turbine. This is because of the eventual imact the fish experienced at the spillway chute. The study suggests that possible spillway weir design changes and increasing the depth of flow would improve fish safety.[4]

See also[edit]

Aerial view of the dam

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b U.S. Army Corps of Engineers. "Green Peter and Foster Dams and Reservoirs". Willamette Valley Projects. Retrieved 2009-10-25. 
  2. ^ a b "Foster Dam and Lake". Portland, Oregon: U.S. Army Corps of Engineers. 31 May 2002. Retrieved 2010-02-14. 
  3. ^ Bonneville Power Administration. "Foster Dam". Retrieved 2009-10-25. 
  4. ^ http://www.pnnl.gov/main/publications/external/technical_reports/PNNL-22236.pdf

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 44°24′59″N 122°40′09″W / 44.416514°N 122.669251°W / 44.416514; -122.669251