Frances Johnson

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For other people named Frances Johnson, see Frances Johnson (disambiguation).

Frances Johnson or Gwísgwashãn (died 1934)[1] was the last fluent speaker of the Takelma language of Oregon, United States. In 1906, she worked with linguist Edward Sapir to document the language while living on the Siletz Reservation.[2]


  1. ^ Paris Achen (Jan 11, 2008). "Pair breathe life into dead language". Mail Tribune. Retrieved 22 April 2012. 
  2. ^ Sapir, Edward (1909). Takelma texts. Anthropological Publications of the University Museum. 2. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania. p. 5. Retrieved 2010-10-08.