In philately a franchise stamp or frank stamp is a stamp given to an individual or organisation to enable them to send mail without charge. Typical recipients include charities, refugees and soldiers on active service (military franchise stamps).
France overprinted a 90c stamp with an olive branch design for refugees from the Spanish Civil War (Scott No. S1) and Brazil issued a franchise stamp between 1865 and 1870 for use by soldiers during the war with Paraguay. In Portugal franchise stamps were issued to members of the military commission in charge of prisoners of war and to a number of other organisations, including the Red Cross Society, civilian rifle clubs and the Geographical Society of Lisbon.
Franchise stamps have also been issued by Switzerland and Spain.
- Franchise stamps removed burden of postage by Rick Miller. Retrieved 6 April 2010.
- Linns.com Refresher Course Collecting stamps from the front to the back of the book by Janet Klug.
- War Stamps by James Mackay, sandafayre.com.
- "New Collector" by John Holman in Gibbons Stamp Monthly, Vol.40, No.10, March 2010, p.31.
- "Germany: Allied Military Government Travel Permits 1947-51" by Theo J.F. Schalke in The Revenue Journal, Vol. XXII, No. 3, December 2011, pp. 129-139.
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