Frank D. Comerford Dam

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Frank D. Comerford Dam
Official nameFrank D. Comerford Dam
CountryUnited States
LocationMonroe, New Hampshire
Barnet, Vermont
Coordinates44°19′31″N 72°0′03″W / 44.32528°N 72.00083°W / 44.32528; -72.00083Coordinates: 44°19′31″N 72°0′03″W / 44.32528°N 72.00083°W / 44.32528; -72.00083
PurposePower
StatusOperational
Construction began1928
Opening date1930
Owner(s)Great River Hydro[1]
Dam and spillways
Type of damGravity dam
ImpoundsConnecticut River
Height170 feet (52 m)
Length2,253 feet (687 m)
Elevation at crest647 feet (197 m)
Spillways1
Reservoir
CreatesComerford Reservoir
140 Megawatts capacity at 13,300 cfs discharge
Not to be confused with the Illinois politician Frank D. Comerford (1879-1929).

Frank D. Comerford Dam is an International Style concrete dam in the Fifteen Mile Falls of the Connecticut River, on the border between the U.S. states of New Hampshire and Vermont.[2] The dam is near Monroe, New Hampshire and Barnet, Vermont. Construction began in 1928 and was completed in 1931. The dam and the power plant were acquired by Great River Hydro, LLC, from TransCanada Corporation in April 2017.[1]

Comerford Reservoir is the reservoir created behind the dam, named after Frank D. Comerford, president of the Connecticut River Power Company and the New England Power Company.

Hydroelectric power plants have the ability to vary the amount of power generated, depending on the demand. Steam turbine power plants are not as easily "throttled" because of the amount of thermodynamic inertia contained in their systems.

Geology[edit]

In what would become the Connecticut River, running water wore out a rocky gorge 40 feet (12 m) to 100 feet (30 m) deep in pre-glacial days. The result was a gentle gradient, 10 feet (3 m) to the 1 mile (1.6 km). The drop is 320 feet (98 m) over 15 miles (24 km). The area was called "Fifteen Mile Falls."

History[edit]

On September 30, 1930, President Herbert Hoover remotely initiated the generation of electricity from Comerford Dam, then New England's largest single hydroelectric development. This was the first in a series, harnessing hydroelectric power in the United States in the 1930s. The power was sent 126 miles (203 km) for use in Massachusetts.[3] At the time of its construction, it was the largest "retaining wall" in the United States, representing more than 90,000 cubic yards (69,000 m3) of concrete.[4]

In 2005, USGen New England sold the dam to TransCanada Hydro Northeast Inc.[5]

Construction[edit]

A camp was constructed in East Barnet, Vermont in 1928 for 1,500 workers. The camp contained its own housing, commissary, theater (which substituted as a church on Sunday), and a hospital. It had its own hockey and basketball teams. 120 people prepared and served meals. 1,300 men worked the day shift from 7:00 to 6:00 with one hour off for lunch. 300 men worked the night shift.[6]

Construction materials were supplied on a special 3-mile (4.8 km) railroad track built to the site.

Major structures[edit]

The reservoir has a capacity of 32,270 acre feet and has a full supply level of 647 feet (197 m) above mean sea level. The gravity dam is 2,253 feet (687 m) long and made of concrete and earth. Four steel penstocks feed water to the powerhouse, where four Francis turbines rated 54,200 horsepower each produce a combined capacity of 140 megawatts at a combined discharge flow of 13,300 cubic feet per second. The remaining structure is an 850-foot-long (260 m) spillway which is used to discharge water excess to generating requirements.[7]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Hydroelectric Relicensing Projects". Great River Hydro, LLC. Retrieved August 10, 2018.
  2. ^ "Plymouth State News". plymouth.edu.
  3. ^ "Vermont Folklore, Myths, Legends, Ghost Stories & More - Vermont holds strange secrets and we have them all here!". Vermont Folklore, Myths, Legends, Ghost Stories & More.
  4. ^ Frances Ann Johnson (1955). The History of Monroe, New Hampshire. Courier Printing Company., p. 110
  5. ^ State of Vermont Public Service Board accessed March 16, 2008
  6. ^ Fisher, Harriet F. (June 2003). A Picnic by the Dam Site. The Kingdom Historical.
  7. ^ "LIHI Certificate #39 – 15-Mile Falls Project, Vermont and New Hampshire". Retrieved April 12, 2018.

External links[edit]