Frank Herman Schofield
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|Frank Herman Schofield|
January 4, 1869|
Jerusalem, New York
|Died||February 20, 1942
|Place of burial||Arlington National Cemetery|
|Service/branch||United States Navy|
|Years of service||1890–1933|
|Commands held||USS Perry (DD-11)
USS Texas (BB-35)
Commander in Chief, Battle Force
World War I
Frank Herman Schofield (January 4, 1869 – February 20, 1942) was a decorated admiral in the United States Navy, where he served with distinction in the Spanish–American War and World War I. He was also acting Governor of Guam from January 11, 1904 to January 28, 1904.
Born in Jerusalem, New York, Schofield graduated from the United States Naval Academy on 6 June 1890 and was commissioned ensign in 1892. During the Spanish-American War, he served as executive officer of the Hawk, participating in the blockade of Cuban ports and in the capture of four enemy ships.
Between 1898 and 1917, he served in various capacities afloat and ashore including duty in the Office of the Chief of Naval Operations and a brief position as acting Governor of Guam from January 11, 1904 to January 28, 1904. During this time, while commanding the Supply he reported seeing "three meteors which he says appeared near the horizon and below the clouds, traveling in a group directly toward the Supply," which has been interpreted by some as an early UFO observation. After American entry into World War I, he was ordered to London, where he served on the staff of Commander, U.S. Naval Forces, European Waters until December 1918. He then assumed duties on the United States Naval Advisory Staff to the Peace Commission in Paris. Awarded the Navy Cross for his World War I and Peace Commission service, he was detached from the Naval Advisory Staff in May 1919 and, in July, returned to sea duty as commanding officer of the battleship, Texas.
During the 1920s, he served on the General Board from 1921 to 1923; was promoted to Rear Admiral in 1924; commanded Destroyer Squadrons, Battle Fleet, from 1924 to 1926; headed the War Plans Division of the Office of the Chief of Naval Operations from 1926 to 1929; was a member of the Naval Advisory Staff, Geneva Conference in 1927; and commanded Battleship Division 4, Battle Fleet in 1929. In 1930, he was commissioned Commander in Chief, Battle Force, with the accompanying rank of Admiral; and in 1933, after 47 years of service, he retired. Admiral Schofield died at Bethesda, Maryland, on 20 February 1942.
- "Schofield for Chase". TIME. 13 April 1931. Retrieved 10 August 2008.
- "Naval Era Governors of Guam". Guampedia. Guam: University of Guam. 10 August 2010. Archived from the original on 29 October 2010. Retrieved 26 October 2010.
- "NAVY OFFICER SEES METEORS.; They Were Red Ones, the Largest About Six Suns Big". The New York Times. 9 March 1904. Retrieved 4 November 2010.
- Bruce Maccabee (2003). "EVEN MORE REMARKABLE METEORS". brumac.8k.com. Retrieved 4 November 2010.
- arlingtoncemetery.net : Frank H. Schofield
- This article incorporates text from the public domain Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships. The entry can be found here.