Fred Gómez Carrasco
Federico (or Alfredo) Gómez Carrasco (February 10, 1940 – August 3, 1974; "El Señor") was an American drug baron of Mexican descent. Based in Nuevo Laredo, Carrasco was the most powerful heroin kingpin in South Texas during his prime in the late 1960s and early 1970s. He has been cited as the "biggest and deadliest drug lord on the Texas-Mexico border, overseeing a cocaine and heroin empire that stretched from Guadalajara to San Diego, California, and Chicago, Illinois." He was described as a "slightly overweight Mexican man of average height, perhaps a little taller than most Mexican men" who never smiled, and although only 34, was already referred to as "El Viejo" (The Old Man) due to his experience in drug dealing. In Gilb's Hecho en Tejas, he states that "more corridos have been written about Carrasco than Gregorio Cortez".
Carrasco was born in San Antonio, Texas in 1940. He was arrested in Guadalajara in September 1972 after being found in possession with 213 pounds of heroin worth over $100 million. However, by December 1972, Carrasco escaped in Jalisco in a laundry truck after bribing the authorities. He was arrested again in July 1973 in San Antonio, Texas, surviving four gunshot wounds fired at him by police. He was also charged for killing a police officer and was suspected of murdering at least 47 people. From July 24 to August 3, 1974, Carrasco unsuccessfully attempted to escape from Huntsville Prison in Huntsville, Texas during an armed takeover. Carrasco's attorney, Ruben Montemayor, attempted to mediate the 11-day siege, the longest in prison history. Carrasco committed suicide after a ten-minute gun battle with law enforcement.
Suzanne Oboler, Professor of Latin American Studies at the City University of New York, considers the imprisonment of Gómez Carrasco and others such as Jimmy Santiago Baca, Ricardo Sánchez, Raúl Salinas, Modesta Avila, Judy Lucero and Alvaro Luna Hernandez to be "inextricably linked to colonial domination and the subsequent struggle for material resources in the southwestern United States", rather than being purely about drug dealing and murdering. Law Enforcement officials disagree with the academic free pass that is given to Carrasco and other Latino criminals that operate in the United States. The consensus among law enforcement officials is that: Carrasco is known to have murdered at least forty-eight people (if you include the librarian he shot on August 3, 1974) during and after his rise to power and that he did so for monetary gain, prestige and power in the Mexican/American drug trade.
- "The Nation's Longest Prison Hostage Siege in History". Country Life. 6 August 2012. Retrieved 24 August 2014.
- Gilb, Dagoberto (1 April 2008). Hecho en Tejas. UNM Press. p. 223. ISBN 978-0-8263-4126-6.
- "An Inventory of the Carrasco Tapes at the Texas State Archives, 1974". Texas Department of Criminal Justice. Retrieved 30 August 2014.
- "PRISONS: Blood Hostages". TIME. 12 August 1974. Retrieved 24 August 2014.
- Oboler, Suzanne (24 November 2009). Behind Bars: Latino/as and Prison in the United States. Palgrave Macmillan. p. 265. ISBN 978-0-230-10147-0.