April 24, 1933|
Providence, Rhode Island, United States
|Died||June 4, 2007
Jamaica, New York, US
|Labels||J&S, Joy, Colpix, Columbia, Shout, Elephant V, Probe, Vanguard, Pickwick International, Mainstream|
Freddie Scott (April 24, 1933 – June 4, 2007) was an American soul singer and songwriter. His biggest hits were "Hey, Girl", a top ten US pop hit in 1963, and "Are You Lonely For Me", a no.1 hit on the R&B chart in early 1967.
Life and career
He was born in Providence, Rhode Island, and sang in his grandmother's gospel group, Sally Jones & the Gospel Keyes, touring England with them at the age of 12. He studied medicine at the University of Rhode Island and then at Paine College in Augusta, Georgia, but began singing again with the Swanee Quintet Juniors, and gave up his medical career.
In 1956 he recorded as a secular singer with the J&S label in New York City, releasing his first solo single "Running Home". He also wrote the top 10 R&B hit "I'll Be Spinning" for the label's duo, Johnnie & Joe, and his song "Baby I'm Sorry" was recorded by Ricky Nelson for his 1957 debut album Ricky. He was then called up to serve in Korea, but continued to record for small labels with little success. After leaving the military, he turned to songwriting, joining the Aldon Music publishing company set up by Al Nevins and Don Kirshner in the Brill Building, where he recorded many of his own demos and also worked as a producer with Erma Franklin. He also continued to release his own records, including "Baby, You're a Long Time Dead" for Joy Records (New York) in 1961.
In 1962, he worked with fellow songwriters Gerry Goffin and Carole King on their song "Hey, Girl", recording a demo for singer Chuck Jackson. When Jackson failed to turn up to a recording session, Scott recorded the song himself, and, when eventually released by the Colpix label some months later, it rose to no. 10 on both the pop and R&B charts. He followed it up with a slow version of Ray Charles' "I Got a Woman", which again made the charts. When Colpix collapsed, he moved to Columbia, which tried to market him, with little success, as a middle-of-the-road crooner. He left Columbia Records in 1965, and moved to the Shout label, a subsidiary of Bert Berns' Bang Records. There, he recorded Berns' song "Are You Lonely for Me", reputedly requiring over 100 takes before it was finished. The record stayed at the top of the R&B charts for four weeks, and reached no. 39 on the pop charts.
He followed up with a version of "Cry To Me", another Berns song that had previously been a hit for Solomon Burke. Although he continued to have success with R&B chart hits including "(You) Got What I Need", written and produced by Kenny Gamble and Leon Huff, and a version of Van Morrison's "He Ain't Give You None", his career was affected by Berns' sudden death at the end of 1967. Scott continued to perform, but spent much of the next two years without a record deal. He eventually signed with the small Elephant V label, before moving on to Probe Records, where he had his last R&B hit in 1970 with a version of Bob Dylan's "I Shall Be Released." He continued to work with his songwriting partner Helen Miller, wrote advertising jingles, and took minor roles as an actor in films, including Stiletto. He also recorded in the early 1970s for the Vanguard, Pickwick International and Mainstream labels, and continued to perform concerts.
Scott later worked on the oldies circuit, and released a new album, Brand New Man, in 2001. He also performed "Brown Eyed Girl" on the Van Morrison tribute album Vanthology, released in 2003. He died in New York City in 2007 at the age of 74.
His 1968 song "You Got What I Need" was sampled for the 1989 Biz Markie hit, "Just a Friend". It was also sampled for Ghostface Killah's "Save Me Dear" in 2004. The song was also parodied by New York DJ Rob Gee in his song "Ecstacy You Got What I Need".
|"I Got A Woman"||48||n/a|
|1964||"Where Does Love Go"||82||n/a|
|1966||"Are You Lonely For Me"||39||1|
|1967||"Cry to Me"||70||40|
|"Am I Grooving You"||71||25|
|"He Ain't Give You None"||100||24|
|1968||"(You) Got What I Need"||-||27|
|1970||"I Shall Be Released"||-||40|
- Everything I Have Is Yours (1964)
- Freddie Scott Sings and Sings and Sings (1964)
- Are You Lonely For Me? (1967)
- I Shall Be Released (1970)—
- Brand New Man (2001)
References and notes
- Biographical article including interview with Scott at SoulExpress.net
- Obituary by Spencer Leigh, The Independent, 6 June 2007
- Biography by Jason Ankeny at Allmusic.com
- Whitburn, Joel (1996). Top R&B/Hip-Hop Singles: 1942-1995. Record Research. p. 391.
- Rob Gee's sample of "Just a Friend"
- Whitburn, Joel (2003). Top Pop Singles 1955-2002 (1st ed.). Menomonee Falls, Wisconsin: Record Research Inc. p. 623. ISBN 0-89820-155-1.
- Billboard R&B chart not published at that time