Frederick Bligh Bond
|Frederick Bligh Bond|
Frederick Bligh Bond in 1921
|Born||30 June 1864
Marlborough, Wiltshire, England
|Died||8 March 1945
Dolgellau, Merionethshire, Wales
|Occupation||Architect and psychical researcher|
|Employer||Church of England, American Society for Psychical Research|
|Religion||Spiritualism and Old Catholic Church|
Bligh Bond was the son of the Rev. Frederick Hookey Bond. He was born in the Wiltshire town of Marlborough. His family was related to William Bligh, through his nephew Francis Godolphin Bond, Bligh Bond's grandfather. He was also a cousin of Sabine Baring-Gould. He was educated at home by his father, who was headmaster of the Marlborough Royal Free Grammar School.
He practised as an architect in Bristol from 1888. His work includes schools, such as the board schools in Barton Hill, Easton, and Southville, Greenbank Elementary School and St George's School. He designed the schools of medicine and engineering at Bristol University and the Music School of Clifton College. He also undertook a number of domestic commissions for the King's Weston estate of Philip Napier Miles, including a number of substantial houses in Shirehampton, the Miles Arms public house in Avonmouth, the now-demolished King's Weston estate office and the public hall in Shirehampton. Cossham Memorial Hospital is also an example of his work. In addition he oversaw the restoration of a number of churches, became an acknowledged authority on the history of church architecture, and in 1909 published, with Dom Bede Camm, a two-volume treatise entitled Roodscreens and Roodlofts.
In 1908 the Church of England appointed him director of excavations at Glastonbury Abbey. Before he was dismissed by Bishop Armitage Robinson in 1921, his excavations rediscovered the nature and dimensions of a number of buildings that had occupied the site. Bond's work at Glastonbury Abbey is one of the first documented examples of psychic archaeology and remains a principal case in many discussions of psychic archaeology, although archaeologist Ken Feder notes that it is impossible to tell whether he was actually advised by ghosts or spirits or whether his expertise in church architecture and information from early drawings helped him locate the chapels he discovered. Bond claimed to have psychically contacted dead monks and the builder of the Edgar Chapel at Glastonbury, who advised him where to excavate.
Bligh joined the Freemasons in 1889, the Theosophical Society in 1895, the Society for Psychical Research in 1902, the Societas Rosicruciana in Anglia in 1909 and the Ghost Club in 1925. As early as 1899 Bligh Bond had expressed his belief that the dimensions of the buildings at Glastonbury Abbey were based on gematria, and in 1917 he published, with Thomas Simcox Lea, Gematria, A Preliminary Investigation of the Cabala contained in the Coptic Gnostic Books and of a similar Gematria in the Greek text of the New Testament, which incorporated his own previously published paper, The Geometric Cubit as a Basis of Proportion in the Plans of Mediaeval Buildings.
In 1919 he published The Gates of Remembrance, which revealed that he had employed psychical methods to guide his excavation of the Glastonbury ruins, using first Captain John Allan Bartlett ("John Alleyne") as a medium, and later others. As a consequence of these revelations his relations with his employers, who strongly disapproved of spiritualism, deteriorated and he was sacked in 1921.
From 1921 to 1926 he was editor of Psychic Science (then named Quarterly transactions of the British College of Psychic Science).
In 1926 Bligh Bond emigrated to the USA, where he was employed as education secretary of the American Society for Psychical Research and worked as editor on their magazine, Survival. Bligh Bond broke with the ASPR and returned to Britain in 1936, also rejoining the Ghost Club in the process, after supporting accusations against the medium Mina Crandon that she had fraudulently produced thumbprints on wax that she presented as being produced by the spirit of her dead brother, Walter.
On 30 December 2008 Bligh Bond was the subject of a Channel 4 documentary, The Ghosts of Glastonbury, hosted by Tony Robinson, which examined Bligh Bond's claims that he received archaeological information through automatic writing from deceased monks.
- "Frederick Bligh Bond". Encyclopedia of Occultism and Parapsychology. Retrieved 2007-05-09.
- "Glastonbury Enigma". Fortean Times. Retrieved 2007-05-10. (Free registration required)
- The Rediscovery of Glastonbury: Frederick Bligh Bond Architect of the New Age by Tim Hopkinson-Ball, 2007
- "A 'Colourful' Bristol Architect". Digital Bristol. Archived from the original on 12 May 2006. Retrieved 2007-05-09.
- "Handel Cossham Memorial Hospital". Images of England. Retrieved 2007-05-10.
- "Select bibliography: churches, their furnishings, and use". The Ecclesiological Society. Retrieved 2007-05-10.
- Kenneth L. Feder, Encyclopedia of Dubious Archaeology: From Atlantis to the Walam Olum, pages 44 (Greenwood, 2010). ISBN 978-0-313-37919-2
- Williams, Stephen (1991). "Psychic Archaeology". Fantastic Archaeology: the Wild Side of North American Prehistory. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press. ISBN 0-8122-1312-2.
- "Discovering Glastonbury Abbey - the psychic way". BBC. Retrieved 12 November 2015.
- 'Will the real Bligh Bond stand up?' by Tim Hopkinson Ball, in Avalon Magazine, No. 37, Autumn/Winter 2007, pp 26-30
- Coates, Richard. "A brief account of the extraordinary life of Frederick Bligh Bond, FRIBA". University of the West of England. Retrieved 12 November 2015.
- Bond arrived in Southampton from New York City on 20 December 1935.
- "Monk helped Bristol architect solve abbey mystery...from beyond the grave". Bristol Post. 28 October 2014. Retrieved 12 November 2015.
- "Frederick Bligh Bond". Weston-super-Mare Archaeological and Natural History Society. Retrieved 12 November 2015.
- Authored by Bligh Bond
- An Architectural Handbook to Glastonbury Abbey (1909)
- The Gates of Remembrance (1918)
- The Hill of Vision (Boston Jones Co., 1918)
- The Company of Avalon (1924)
- The Gospel of Philip the Deacon (1932)
- The Secret of Immortality (1934)
- Co-authored by Bligh Bond
- Bligh Bond, F. & Camm, Rev. Dom Bede. Rood screens and rood lofts - 2 vols. (London, 1909)
- Bligh Bond, F. & Lea, Thomas Simcox. Gematria: A Preliminary Investigation Of The Cabala Contained In The Coptic Gnostic Books (1917)
- Bligh Bond, F. & Lea, Thomas Simcox. The Apostolic Gnosis (1919)
- Mantle, George E. Glastonbury Abbey: Recent discoveries (G. E Mantle, 19??)
- Illustrated by Bligh Bond
- Baring-Gould, S. An old English home and its dependencies (Methuen & Co, 1898).
- About Bligh Bond
- Hopkinson-Ball, Tim. The Rediscovery of Glastonbury (The History Press Ltd, 2007).
- Kenawell, William W. The Quest at Glastonbury. A Biographical Study of Frederick Bligh Bond (Helix Press / Garrett Publications, 1965)