Frederick Dudley Travers
|Frederick Dudley Travers|
|Born||15 February 1897
Royal Air Force
|Years of service||c.1915–1954|
No. 47 Squadron RFC
No. 17 Squadron RFC
No. 150 Squadron RAF
|Battles/wars||World War I
• Macedonian Front
|Awards||Distinguished Flying Cross
Croix de guerre (France)
|Other work||Aviation pioneer in two continents; expert pilot of flying boats|
Captain Frederick Dudley Travers DFC was an English World War I flying ace credited with nine aerial victories. His later life saw his continued service to his nation in both the Royal Air Force Volunteer Reserve and in civil aviation. He pioneered air routes into Africa, the Middle East, and India. He also became proficient in piloting flying boats. He flew civilian aircraft into the war zones during World War II. By the end of his civil aviation career, he had flown over two million miles and logged 19,000 accident-free flying hours. Upon his retirement from the RAF, he had served for almost four decades.
Frederick Dudley Travers was born in York, England, on 15 February 1897.
World War I
Travers served initially in the Hertfordshire Yeomanry of the Territorial Force, rising to the rank of lance corporal. He graduated from Inns of Court Officers Training Corps and was commissioned as a second lieutenant on 1 January 1916. He was seconded to the Royal Flying Corps, and first served in No. 47 Squadron. He was promoted to lieutenant in the Yeomanry on 1 July 1917, while still serving in the RFC.
His first aerial victory came on 19 December 1917, flying a B.E.12 in No. 17 Squadron RFC on the Macedonian Front. He was then transferred to No. 150 Squadron RAF, to fly the S.E.5a. He gained two more victories in May 1918, and one in June. In September he gained five more victories while flying a Bristol M.1c.
Travers was awarded the Distinguished Flying Cross, which was gazetted on 29 November 1918. His citation read:
- "A gallant and able officer who has displayed on many occasions boldness in attack, never hesitating to engage the enemy as opportunity occurs. On June 1st he, in company with two other pilots, attacked a hostile formation of twelve machines; four off these were shot down and the remainder driven off."
He also received the Croix de guerre with Palme from France in February 1919.
List of aerial victories
|1||19 December 1917
@ 1230 hours
|Royal Aircraft Factory B.E.12
serial number 4046
|Albatros D.III||Driven down out of control||West of Doiran Lake|
|2||15 May 1918
@ 0630 hours
|Royal Aircraft Factory SE.5
|Albatros D.V||Driven down out of control||Hudova aerodrome||Shared with Gerald Gordon Bell.|
|3||28 May 1918
@ 1500 hours
|Royal Aircraft Factory SE.5a
|DFW reconnaissance aircraft||Set afire; destroyed||East of Vardarhohe||Shared with Acheson Goulding.|
|4||1 June 1918
@ 1510 hours
|Royal Aircraft Factory SE.5a
|5||2 September 1918
@ 0815 hours
|LVG reconnaissance aircraft||Set afire; destroyed||Nihor||Shared victory|
|6||3 September 1918
@ 0815 hours
|Bristol M.1c||Albatros D.V||Destroyed||Northwest of Lake Doiran|
|7||3 September 1918
@ 0820 hours
|Bristol M.1c||Albatros D.V||Destroyed||East of Cerniste|
|8||4 September 1918
@ 1055 hours
|Bristol M.1c s/n C4976||Reconnaissance aircraft||Destroyed||North of Karasu Bridge||Shared with Leslie Hamilton.|
|9||16 September 1918
@ 1205 hours
|Fokker D.VII||Driven down out of control||Lake Doiran||This victory made Travers the sole ace in this type of aircraft.|
Between the World Wars
On 5 December 1919, he was granted a short service commission as a flying officer. Travers transferred to the Class A Reserve of the Royal Air Force on 5 December 1922. He kept his reserve status in various capacities until 5 December 1940, when he was ranked as a flight lieutenant.
Career in civil aviation
World War II and beyond
During World War II, Travers continued in civil aviation; however, he was piloting flying boats from the United Kingdom to India and West Africa. By 1942, Travers was noted as having flown two million air miles.
In early May 1947, Travers was feted at a BOAC luncheon banquet hosted by Lord Knollys to celebrate Travers' retirement from the company after 30 years flying. It was noted that in his 19,000 flying hours, he had never had an accident. Travers' retirement plans included work on development of the Saunders-Roe flying boat.
On 10 February 1954, Frederick Dudley Travers surrendered his commission in the Royal Air Force Reserve of Officers. In his retirement, he made his home in Kenya. He was still alive and available for an interview with famed aviation historian Norman Franks as late as 1968.
- "Frederick Dudley Travers". The Aerodrome. 2016. Retrieved 17 September 2011.
- "No. 29430". The London Gazette (Supplement). 6 January 1916. p. 329.
- "No. 30535". The London Gazette (Supplement). 21 February 1918. p. 2297.
- "No. 31046". The London Gazette (Supplement). 29 November 1918. p. 14326.
- "No. 13400". The Edinburgh Gazette. 11 February 1919. p. 808.
- Shores, Franks & Guest (1990), p. 367.
- Franks (2007), p. 85.
- "No. 31674". The London Gazette. 5 December 1919. p. 15061.
- "No. 32774". The London Gazette. 5 December 1922. p. 8616.
- "No. 34230". The London Gazette. 10 December 1935. p. 7957.
- "No. 34388". The London Gazette. 13 April 1937. p. 2381.
- "No. 34810". The London Gazette. 12 March 1940. p. 1475.
- "Thirty Years' Route Flying". Flight. LI (1997): 299. 3 April 1947. Retrieved 23 September 2011.
- "Royal Aero Club: Election of Members". Flight. XVI (792): 118. 28 February 1924. Retrieved 22 September 2011.
- "Private Flying: Amongst The Light 'Plane Tourists". Flight. XXI (1064): 406. 16 May 1929. Retrieved 22 September 2011.
- "Seven Figure Veteran". Flight. XLII (1763): 399. 8 October 1942. Retrieved 23 September 2011.
- "No. 36547". The London Gazette (Supplement). 10 June 1944. p. 2682.
- ""Civilised" Sunderland". Flight. XLVIII (1927): 572. 29 November 1945. Retrieved 23 September 2011.
- "B.O.A.C. Captains Honoured". Flight. LI (2002): 414. 8 May 1947. Retrieved 22 September 2011.
- "No. 40375". The London Gazette (Supplement). 4 January 1955. p. 90.
- Shores, Christopher F.; Franks, Norman & Guest, Russell F. (1990). Above the Trenches: a Complete Record of the Fighter Aces and Units of the British Empire Air Forces 1915–1920. London, UK: Grub Street. ISBN 978-0-948817-19-9.
- Franks, Norman (2007). SE 5/5a Aces of World War I: Volume 78 of Aircraft of the Aces. Oxford, UK: Osprey Publishing. ISBN 978-1-84603-180-9.