Frederick R. Koch
Frederick Robinson Koch
August 26, 1933
|Education||Harvard University (BA)|
Yale University (MFA)
|Occupation||Collector of rare books, manuscripts, and American drawings|
|Organization||Frederick R. Koch Foundation|
Sutton Place Foundation
|Known for||Philanthropy to art and book collections; Pierpont Morgan Library, Frick Collection and Carnegie Museum of Art Pittsburgh, restoration of historic buildings in US, England, Austria and France|
|Board member of||Film Society of Lincoln Center, Metropolitan Opera, and Spoleto Festival, The Royal Shakespeare Company|
|Parent(s)||Fred C. Koch|
|Relatives||Charles Koch (brother)|
David Koch (brother)
Bill Koch (brother)
Frederick Robinson Koch (//; born August 26, 1933) is an American collector and philanthropist, the eldest of the four sons born to American industrialist Fred Chase Koch, founder of what is now Koch Industries, and Mary Clementine (née Robinson) Koch.
Koch was born in Wichita, Kansas. His paternal grandfather, Harry Koch, was a Dutch immigrant, who founded the Quanah Tribune-Chief newspaper and was a founding shareholder of Quanah, Acme & Pacific Railway. Among his maternal great-great-grandparents were William Ingraham Kip, an Episcopalian bishop, William Burnet Kinney, a politician, and Elizabeth Clementine Stedman, a writer.
Beginning in 8th grade, Koch attended boarding school, namely Pembroke-Country Day School in Kansas City, Missouri, rather than living in Wichita with his family. He attended high school at Hackley School in Tarrytown, New York.
Koch studied humanities at Harvard College (Bachelor of Arts 1955), unlike his father and his three younger brothers Charles G. Koch and twins David H. Koch and William I. Koch, who studied Chemical Engineering at Massachusetts Institute of Technology and pursued business careers. After college, Koch> enlisted in the U.S. Navy, serving in Millington, Tennessee, near Memphis, and then on the aircraft carrier USS Saratoga. Upon return to civilian life, Koch enrolled at the Yale School of Drama, where his focus was playwriting. He received a Master of Fine Arts degree from the school in 1961.
Frederick and his younger brother Bill had inherited stock in Koch Industries. In June 1983, after a bitter legal and boardroom battle, the stakes of Frederick and Bill were bought out for $1.1 billion and Charles Koch and David Koch became majority owners in the company. Legal disputes against Charles and David lasted roughly two decades. Frederick and Bill sided with J. Howard Marshall III, J. Howard Marshall II's eldest son, against Charles and David at one point, in order to take over the company. In 2001, Bill reached a settlement in a lawsuit where he had charged the company was taking oil from federal and Indian land which settlement ended all litigation between the brothers. CBS News reported that Koch Industries settled for $25 million.
Through personal and foundation acquisitions, Koch assembled large and important collections of rare books and literary and musical manuscripts, fine and decorative arts and photographs, with works of the nineteenth and twentieth centuries predominating. He is reported to be a keen scholar and highly knowledgeable about his acquisitions. Among his private collections is the archival estate of George Platt Lynes and a vast archive of society photographer Jerome Zerbe.
Koch's Frederick R. Koch Foundation is a major donor in New York to the Pierpont Morgan Library, and the Frick Collection and, in Pittsburgh, to the Carnegie Museum of Art. Of particular note are The Frederick R. Koch Collections at the Harvard Theater Collection, Houghton Library at Harvard University, and at Yale University's Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library. Yale president Richard C. Levin described the Koch collection as "one of the greatest collections to come to Yale since the year of its founding."
Since the 1980s, Koch has bought, restored and maintained a number of historic properties in the United States and abroad, including the Donahue house, a Woolworth mansion in Manhattan; the Habsburg hunting lodge Schloss Blühnbach near Salzburg; the Romanesque Villa Torre Clementina in Cap Martin, France; and Elm Court, a Tudor Gothic manse in Butler, Pennsylvania. Koch financed the reconstruction of the Royal Shakespeare Company's Swan Theater in England from its 1879 remains, although his role as the project's patron was kept secret for years.
In 1990, Koch bought Sutton Place near Guildford, Surrey, England, the former residence of J. Paul Getty and the meeting place of Henry VIII and Anne Boleyn, from another reclusive art collector, Stanley Seeger, "redecorated the house and hung his art collection, but is said never to have spent a night under its roof before selling it for £32m" in 1999. Other sources say he operated it as the Sutton Place Foundation, open to the public for more than 25 years, and that he ultimately sold the property in 2005.
Koch served for many years on the boards of directors of the Spoleto Festival and The Royal Shakespeare Company. He remains an active, long-serving board member of the Metropolitan Opera and the Film Society of Lincoln Center. In 2010, The New Yorker reported that Koch had "moved to Monaco, which has no income tax". Despite lavish philanthropy and millions spent on art acquisitions and property restoration, Koch is said to have a frugal streak, and reportedly "prefers taking the public bus in New York and typically flies commercial", according to Vanity Fair.
- "Koch,Frederick Robinson (1932)". New Netherland Project. Retrieved December 31, 2014.
- "Frederick Koch". Panache Privee. n.d. Retrieved December 30, 2014.
- Schulman, Daniel (May 20, 2014). "Koch vs. Koch: The Brutal Battle That Tore Apart America's Most Powerful Family". Mother Jones. Retrieved May 20, 2014.
- Schulman, Daniel (2014-05-19). "The "Other" Koch Brother". Vanity Fair. Retrieved 2017-07-08.
- Wayne, Leslie (April 28, 1998). "Brother Versus Brother; Koch Family's Long Legal Feud Is Headed for a Jury". The New York Times. Archived from the original on March 26, 2018.
- "Koch's wife granted order of restraint". Pittsburg (KS) Morning Sun, July 21, 2000.
- "Judge Clears Koch Brothers' Settlement Pact". Wall Street Journal, May 29, 2001.
- "Blood And Oil". CBS News. 2000-11-27. Retrieved 2015-10-15.
- Schulman, Daniel (May 19, 2014). "The "Other" Koch Brother". Vanity Fair. Retrieved December 29, 2015.
- bookride (May 2007). "El Morocco Family Album. Zerbe, 1937". Bookride. Retrieved December 30, 2014.
- Rita Reif (June 1, 1990). "Auctions". NY Times. Retrieved December 30, 2014.
- Statement appears in the Beinecke's collection catalog
- Gray, Christopher (May 14, 2009). "The Dime Store Tycoon's Kingdom". NYTimes. Retrieved December 30, 2014.
- Elisabeth Zacherl (2003). "Der Baubeginn für Schloss Blühnbach vor 400 Jahren" (PDF). Unser Land (in German). Salzburger Landesarchiv. Archived from the original (PDF) on January 16, 2005. Retrieved December 30, 2014.
- Architectural Digest, January 1994, article by Brendan Gill.
- Schulman, Daniel (2014-05-20). "Koch vs. Koch: The Brutal Battle That Tore Apart America's Most Powerful Family". Mother Jones. Retrieved 2014-06-21.
- William Grimes (July 14, 2011). "Stanley Seeger, Who Collected, but Didn't Discuss, Art, Dies at 81". NYTimes. Retrieved December 30, 2014.
- Maev Kennedy (28 March 2001). "Reclusive millionaire's art collection may fetch £45m at auction". The Guardian. Retrieved December 30, 2014.
- Country Life Magazine, June 13, 1996
- Mayer, Jane (August 30, 2010). "Covert Operations". The New Yorker. Retrieved October 2, 2015.