French Penal Code of 1810
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The Penal Code of 1810 was created under Napoleon, as a replacement of the Code des délits et des peines of 1795, that was itself replacing the French Penal Code of 1791. Among other things, this code recreated a life imprisonment punishment, as well as a branding punishment alongside the death penalty. These had been abolished in the French Penal Code of 1791. Issued on June 3, 1810, it stayed in use until March 1, 1994 when it was replaced by a new penal code.
This code served as a basis for criminal laws in many of the countries occupied at the time by the First French Empire.
Crimes against the state
Crimes against the person
Aggravated murder, this is to say, premeditated, committed during the commission of a crime or against legitimate ascendants were to be punished by death, along with kidnapping by torture, death threats or under the guise of a civil servants.
Violations were punished by fine and, at most, five days in prison.
Penalties for felonies were to be either afflictives et infamantes (afflictives and infaming) or merely infamantes (infaming), meaning the convicted lost some civils rights, such as the right to vote and to possess arms.
In addition, non-political felons were to undergo lifelong supervision by the police.
The death sentence had to be carried out by beheading.
- Code pénal [Penal code] (in French). 1810. Archived from the original on August 21, 2006. Retrieved January 1, 2015.
- The penal code of France; translated into English, with a preliminary dissertation and notes. London. 1819. Retrieved January 1, 2015.
Code of Offences and Penalties
| Penal code of France
New Penal Code of 1994
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